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Use Extreme Care With The Following Ingredients (Avoid if Possible)


If at all possible, avoid janitorial products with the following ingredients. They pose very high risks to the janitor using the product, to building occupants, or to the environment.

If there are no substitutes available and the products must be employed,

  • Ingredients to Avoid
  • Ingredients to Avoid If Possible/Otherwise Use With Extreme Care
  • Ingredients to Use With Extreme Care
  • Ingredients to Use With Ordinary Care
  • Return to Risk Evaluation Page
  • then assure that workers are fully trained in safe handling and use, and assure that protective gloves and goggles are worn at all times (particularly when handling concentrated solutions). Use the product away from building occupants. Also take care when disposing of left over product, wastewaters, and empty containers.

    Abbreviations are explained at the end of the table.
    (This page was designed to be printed in landscape mode.)
       

    Health Effects From Full-Strength Ingredient

    NFPA Rating

    CAS Number

    Ingredient Name

    Eye Effects

    Skin Effects

    Skin Absorb?

    Inhalation Effects

    Chronic Effects

    H

    F

    R

    00111-76-2

    2-Butoxy Ethanol

    Irr

    Irr

    Yes

     

    Reproductive & Fetal Effects; Liver & Kidney Damage; Blood Damage

    2

    2

    0

    00090-43-7

    2-Phenyl Phenol

    B

    B

     

    Burns

    IARC Group 3 Carcinogen (Insufficient evidence)

    1

    1

    0

    00067-64-1

    Acetone

    B

    Irr.

    Yes

    Yes

    Potential Reproductive Effects; Liver & kidney damage; CNS Depression

    1

    3

    0

    07664-41-7

    Ammonia

    B/BL

    D

     

    Sev Irr/Burns

    Kidneys/Liver/CNS

    3

    0

    0

    01341-49-7

    Ammonium Bifluoride

    BL

    D

    Yes

    Burns

     

    3

       

    01336-21-6

    Ammonium Hydroxide

    BL

    D

     

    Yes; D

    Cataracts; glaucoma

    3

    1

    2

    00628-63-7

    Amyl Acetate

    Irr

    Irr

    No

    Irr

    Kidney damage

    2

    3

    1

    00105-60-2

    Caprolactam

    Irr

    Irr

    Yes

    Yes/Irr

    CNS/Neurological

         

    00124-07-2

    Caprylic Acid

    B/BL

    D

    Yes

    Sev Irr

    Blood

    2

    1

    0

    00108-93-0

    Cyclohexanol

    B

    Irr

    Yes

    Irr

    CNS/?Liver/?Kidney/Repro

    1

    2

    0

    00084-74-2

    Dibutyl Phthalate

    B

    Sev Irr

     

    Irr

    Endocrine/Mutagen/Repro/Testes/Kidney

    0

    1

    0

    00112-34-5

    Diethylene Glycol Monobutyl Ether

    Irr

    Irr

    Yes

    Slight

    Kidney damage; CNS effects

    1

    2

    0

    07647-01-1

    Hydrochloric Acid

    BL

    D

    No

       

    3

    0

    0

    07722-84-1

    Hydrogen Peroxide

    BL

    D

    No

    Burns; Fatal

     

    2

    0

    3

    00079-14-1

    Hydroxyacetic Acid

    BL

    D

    No

    Yes

    Burns; Damage

         

    00141-43-5

    Monoethanolamine

    D

    B

    Yes

     

    Liver & kidney damage; fetal damage

    2

    2

    0

    00110-91-8

    Morpholine

    BL

    D

    Yes

    Sev Irr

     

    3

    3

    1

    00123-86-4

    n-Butyl Acetate

    B

    Irr

    Yes

    Irr

    CNS/Mutagen

    1

    3

    0

    09016-45-9

    Nonyl Phenol Ethoxylate

    Irr

    Irr

       

    Endocrine PBT (Alkyl Phenol Ethoxyalate)

         

    09036-19-5

    Octyl Phenol Ethoxylate

    Sev Irr

    Sev Irr

       

    Endocrine PBT (Alkyl Phenol Ethoxyalate)

         

    07664-38-2

    Phosphoric Acid

    BL

    D

    No

       

    3

    0

    0

    26027-38-3

    Polyethylene Monophenyl Ether

    Irr/B

    Irr/B

     

    Irr

    Endocrine Disruptor

    1

    1

    1

    02893-78-9

    Sodium Dichloro Isocyanurate

    B/BL

    B

     

    Irr

     

    2

    0

    2

    07681-51-9

    Sodium Hypochlorite; Bleach

                   

    00102-71-6

    Triethanolamine

    D

    B

    Yes

    Slight

    Liver & Kidney Damage; IARC Group 3 Carcinogen

    (Insufficient evidence)

    2

    1

    1

    00121-44-8

    Triethylamine

    B

    Irr

    Yes

    Irr

    Kidneys/Repro

    3

    3

    0

    08006-64-2

    Turpentine

    B

    Irr

    Yes

    Yes

    Kidney, bladder, CNS Damage; possibly harms fetus

     

    3

    0

    01330-20-7

    Xylene

    B

    Irr

    Yes

    Yes; Irr

    Liver, kidney, CNS, spleen; IARC Group 3 (Insufficient evicence)

    2

    3

    0


    Abbreviations

    B Causes burns to eyes or skin, which may heal over time.
    BL Contact with eyes quickly causes permanent blindness.
    B/BL Burns eyes, in some cases causing blindness.
    CAS Chemical Abstract Service, who assigns a number to every chemical ingredient.
    CNS Central Nervous System
    D Causes damage to eyes or skin, which if not taken care of will be permanent.
    FB May cause frostbite from cold temperature of aerosol.
    Irr Irritant (Victim will usually only be temporarily inconvenienced).
    NFPA H = Health Hazard; F = Flammability Hazard; R = Reactivity Hazard. Ratings of this sort are summaries, and therefore should be used with caution and some skepticism. Consider individual hazards to eyes, skin, etc. to determine the overall risk that each ingredient poses to the user.
    PBT Refers to chemicals that are persistent, that bioaccumulate, and that are toxic.
    Prop. 65 Listed by California’s Workers’ Right-To-Know Legislation.
    Sev Irr Severe Irritant (Victim will usually be temporarily incapacitated).
    Skin Absorb This ingredient easily absorbs through skin, and will poison the liver, kidneys, or other organs as the body trys to eliminate it.