Janitorial Project Logo

Use Extreme Care With The Following Ingredients


These ingredients are dangerous, but may have to be used because safer substitutes are not readily avialable.

Assure that workers are fully trained in safe handling and use, and assure that protective gloves and goggles are worn at all times

  • Ingredients to Avoid
  • Ingredients to Avoid If Possible/Otherwise Use With Extreme Care
  • Ingredients to Use With Extreme Care
  • Ingredients to Use With Ordinary Care
  • Return to Risk Evaluation Page
  • (particularly when handling concentrated solutions). Also take care when disposing of left over product, wastewaters, and empty containers.

    Abbreviations are explained at the end of the table.

    (This page was designed to be printed in landscape mode.)
       

    Health Effects From Full-Strength Ingredient

    NFPA Rating

    CAS Number

    Ingredient Name

    Eye Effects

    Skin Effects

    Skin Absorb?

    Inhalation Effects

    Chronic Effects

    H

    F

    R

    00872-50-4

    1-Methyl 2-Pyrolidinone

    B

    B

     

    Sev Irr.

     

    2

    1

    0

    08001-54-5

    Alkyl Dimethyl Benzyl Ammonium Chloride

    B

    B

     

    B

           

    00334-48-5

    Capric Acid

    Irr

    Irr

    Yes

    Irr

     

    1

    1

    0

    00111-46-6

    Diethylene Glycol

    Irr

    Irr

    Yes

    Yes

    Liver/ Kidney/ CNS Toxicant

         

    00115-10-6

    Dimethyl Ether

    S Irr

    S Irr

     

    Sev Irr

     

    2

    4

    1

    29911-28-2

    Dipropylene Glycol Butoxy Ether

    Sev Irr

    Sev Irr

    Yes

    Sev Irr

    Unknown

         

    25155-30-0

    Dodecyl Benzene Sulfonate

    B

    Sev Irr

     

    Sev Irr

    Unknown

    2

    1?

    0

    27176-87-0

    Dodecylbenzne Sulfonic Acid

    D

    B

    Possibly

             

    00064-17-5

    Ethanol

       

    Yes

    Yes

    Liver/Kidney/CNS/

    Repro

         

    00122-99-6

    Ethylene Glycol Phenyl Ether

    B

    B

    No

     

    Ingestion leads to Kidney, lungs, liver, heart damage & CNS effects

         

    00067-63-0

    Isopropanol

    B

    Irr

    Yes

    Yes; Irr

    Kidney; Repro; CNS

    1

    4

    2

    08008-20-6

    Kerosene

    B

    Irr

     

    Yes; Irr

     

    1

    2

    1

    00067-56-1

    Methanol

       

    No

    Yes

           

    02809-21-4

    Phosphonic Acid

                   

    07320-34-5

    Potassium Diphosphate

    Irr/B

    Irr/B

     

    Irr/B

           

    01310-58-3

    Potassium Hydroxide

    Irr

    Irr

               

    00107-98-2

    Propylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether

    Irr

    Irr

    No

    Irr

    CNS (Inhalation

    or Ingestion)

    0

    3

    0

    07681-38-1

    Sodium Bisulfate

    BL

    D

    No

    Burns; Fatal

           

    00497-19-8

    Sodium Carbonate

    BL

    D

    No

    Burns

           

    01310-73-2

    Sodium Hydroxide

    BL

    D

    No

    Burns

     

    2

    0

    1

    06834-92-0

    Sodium Metasilicate

    D

    D

               

    05329-14-6

    Sulfamic Acid

    B

    B

    No

             

    08052-41-3

    Stoddard Solvent #2

    Irr

    Irr

     

    Irr

    CNS

    0

    2

    0


    Abbreviations

    B Causes burns to eyes or skin, which may heal over time.
    BL Contact with eyes quickly causes permanent blindness.
    B/BL Burns eyes, in some cases causing blindness.
    CAS Chemical Abstract Service, who assigns a number to every chemical ingredient.
    CNS Central Nervous System
    D Causes damage to eyes or skin, which if not taken care of will be permanent.
    FB May cause frostbite from cold temperature of aerosol.
    Irr Irritant (Victim will usually only be temporarily inconvenienced).
    NFPA H = Health Hazard; F = Flammability Hazard; R = Reactivity Hazard. Ratings of this sort are summaries, and therefore should be used with caution and some skepticism. Consider individual hazards to eyes, skin, etc. to determine the overall risk that each ingredient poses to the user.
    PBT Refers to chemicals that are persistent, that bioaccumulate, and that are toxic.
    Prop. 65 Listed by California’s Workers’ Right-To-Know Legislation.
    Sev Irr Severe Irritant (Victim will usually be temporarily incapacitated).
    Skin Absorb This ingredient easily absorbs through skin, and will poison the liver, kidneys, or other organs as the body trys to eliminate it.