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Table of Contents
Background and Overview
Glossary of Terms
Reasons for Change
P2 Opportunities
(NEW!) Styrene Issues in Fiberglass Fabication
Where To Go for P2 Help
Complete List of Links

Acetone / Air filters / Air quality / Aqueous cleaning / Benchmarking (Management) / Best management practices / Boatbuilding / Catalysts / Clean Air Act / Cleaning / Cleaning machinery and appliances / Coating processes / Compliance / Composite materials / Compressed air / Corrosion resistant materials / Distillation / Economic analysis / Emission control / Emissions / Fiber reinforced plastics / Fiberglass / Hazardous substances / Hazardous waste / High volume low pressure spray guns / Indiana / Laminated materials / Measurement / Molding (Founding) / Paint / Plastics / Powder coatings / Ships / Shipyards / Solvents / Spray guns / Spraying equipment / Storage tanks / Styrene / Substitute materials / Ventilation / Volatile organic compounds / Waste management / Waste reduction / Water based products

Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.

ABC's of FRP
Abstract: This section is a Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) composites primer as it applies to FRP grating.
Source: American Composites Manufacturers Association

Calculating Air Emissions from Fiberglass Operations
Abstract: Spreadsheet calculator for determining air emissions from fiberglass production, incorporates variables f low styrene, vapor-suppressed resins, molding or laminating process and other factors.
Source: Minnesota Pollution Control Agency

Case Study: Fiber Reinforced Plastics Shop Implements Light RTM to Produce Parts [PDF]
Abstract: Case study of a shop that converted 60% of open molding to closed molding (15% of operations use light RTM molding). Styrene emissions reduced by 80%.
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program

Certified Composites Technology (CCT) Training
Abstract: Online curriculum and exam provides uniform training in technology fundamentals used in open molding for composites & marine products. Focus on gel coat application, spraying, laminating, quality, and safety.
Source: American Composites Manufacturers Association

Composite Materials Technology Center
Abstract: Fosters interaction of engineering students with industry to enhance engineering education and assist industry in developing and implementing improved production processes.
Source: Winona State University

Composite Trimming and Drilling Process Improvement
Abstract: Evaluates recent advances in composite trimming and drilling for reduced cycle time and cost. (Free to SME members, $15 to non-members).
Source: Society of Manufacturing Engineers (SME)

Controlled Spraying Handbook - Composites Open Molding Spray Applications
Abstract: (For purchase) Provides training guidelines for spray operators in the open molding companies industry, where styrene based resin and gel coat materials are used.
Source: Composites Fiber Association

EPA Sector Notebook: Profile of the Plastic Resins and Man-Made Fibers Industry [PDF]
Abstract: Provides information about process inputs and outputs, and environmental and regulatory implications of these materials and fiberglass processes.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Fiberglass Reinforced Plastics (FRP) Manufacturing
Abstract: Provides information on air emission issues (including styrene and other HAPs), compliance issues, pollution prevention resources and other FRP related issues.
Source: Indiana Department of Environmental Management

Hazards of Fiberglass Layup and Sprayup [PDF]
Abstract: Booklet provides recommended work practices and case studies to minimize employee exposure to airborne contaminants, noise, and dermal affects.
Source: Minnesota Department of Labor and Industry

Lean and Environment Case Study: Lasco Bathware [PDF]
Abstract: A team worked to identify numerous productivity and environmental improvements at this bathware manufacturing facility, via integration of lean and P2. Annual savings are over $140k.
Source: Washington Dept of Ecology

Pollution Prevention Assistance Tools for the Fiber Reinforced Plastics and Boat Manufacturing Industries
Abstract: Demonstration projects showed success of methods and technologies for FRP shops with an emphasis on open molders, via assistance with implementation or adoption to 3 shops.
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program

Reducing Volatile Emissions in the Fiber Reinforced Plastics (FRP) Industry [PDF]
Abstract: Describes options available to reduce acetone and styrene emissions
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program

Reports on FRP and Light-RTM Manufacturing Technologies Tested at the Coatings Applications Research Laboratory (CARL)
Abstract: Series of reports on various fiberglass technologies that may reduce emissions and waste related to fiberglass processes.
Source: Coatings Applications Research Laboratory (CARL)

Solvent Substitution to Reduce Air Emissions for the FRP Industry [PDF]
Abstract: Provides information and guidance on evaluating alternatives to solvents used in tool and equipment cleaning for FRP production, to help prevent toxic air emissions.
Source: North Carolina Pollution Prevention Program

Source Reduction and Recycling Opportunities for a Fiberglass Reinforced Plastics Shop
Abstract: Project demonstrated that FRP scrap waste could be ground and reused to make panels that generally meet or exceed the required performance properties of a particleboard product.
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program

Unified Emissions Factors from Open Molding of Composites [PDF]
Abstract: Table of Unified Emission Factors (UEF) for pounds of styrene emitted per ton of gelcoat or resin processed.
Source: Composites One

Waste Reduction Assistance for the Fiberglass Fabrication Industry [PDF]
Abstract: Useful resource describing fiberglass molding, processes, material usage, and P2 opportunities.
Source: Pinellas County Department of Environmental Management


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Hub Last Updated: 9/5/2014