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Table of Contents
Background and Overview
Ecological Health Effects
Regulations & Policies
Alternative Products
Assistance Approaches
Where to go for Help
Complete List of Links

Boats and boating / Fishes / Fishing / Freshwater ecology / Freshwater fishes / Health effects / Lead / Lead-poisoning / Maine / Marine biology / Massachusetts / New Hampshire / New York (N.Y.) / Pollution / Vermont / Water / Water pollution / Water quality / Waterfowl / Wildlife

Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.

Fish and Wildlife Issues Related to the Use of Lead Fishing Gear [PDF]
Abstract: Provides a broad overview on the subject of lead and its impact on wildlife and the environment, especially in relation to the use of lead fishing gear.
Source: Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife

Five Chemicals Study - Chapter 3: Lead and Lead Compounds
Abstract: Overview of the health and environmental hazards posed by lead and lead compounds. Also has information about lead use in products, such as weights for fishing sinkers and ammunition for shooting ranges.
Source: Massachusetts Toxic Use Reduction Institute

Get the Lead Out - Vermont
Abstract: Provides links to information about lead sinkers and the environment. Also lists other helpful resources.
Source: Vermont Fish and Wildlife Department

Get the Lead Out - Wisconsin [PDF]
Abstract: Describes health impacts to waterfowl as a result of lead sinkers in fishing gear.
Source: Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources

Getting the Lead Out
Abstract: Provides information on the health effects of lead sinkers and reasons for switching to non-toxic alternatives.
Source: National Wildlife Federation

Lead and Lead Poisoning Effects [PDF]
Abstract: Provides simple information on the effects of lead poisoning in wildlife.
Source: Vermont Fish and Wildlife Department

Lead Fishing Weights and Loons
Abstract: Focuses on the problems that lead sinkers can cause for loons.
Source: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation

Lead Fishing: Sinkers and Animals
Abstract: Lists why lead sinkers are a problem, the effects of lead on animals, and ways to protect animals and humans from lead exposure, including lead-free alternatives.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Lead Hazards to Fish, Wildlife, and Invertebrates: A Synoptic Review
Abstract: This report summarizes available data on lead in the environment, with an emphasis on fishery and wildlife resources, and recommendations for the protection of sensitive species.
Source: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Lead in Fishing Sinkers [PDF]
Abstract: Identifies how lead in fishing sinkers can lead to lead poisoning in children.
Source: Contra Costa Health Services

Lead Poisoning
Abstract: Discusses lead poisoning from the use of lead fishing gear as a mortality factor in waterfowl.
Source: Michigan Department of Natural Resources

Lead Poisoning of Wisconsin Birds
Abstract: Describes the effects of lead poisoning on waterfowl and birds.
Source: Wisconsin Bird Conservation

Lets Get the Lead Out (Minnesota)
Abstract: This comprehensive website contains information about lead sinkers and their effects on wildlife as well as information on lead sinker alternatives and pollution prevention. It also provides links to many other resources.
Source: Minnesota Pollution Control Agency

Loon Health and Mortality
Abstract: Identifies mortality factors in loons, specifically the effects of lead poisoning from fishing gear.
Source: Tufts University

The Effect of Lead Sinkers on Waterfowl
Abstract: Describes the effects of lead sinkers and fishing gear on loons and other waterfowl.
Source: University of Vermont

Toxicity of Lead Shot and Sinkers [PDF]
Abstract: Discusses the health impacts on lead shot and sinkers on wildlife, including waterfowl that ingest lead sinkers and suffer from lead toxicity.
Source: Environment Canada

Toxicology Profile: Lead
Abstract: Provides information about the toxicity of lead and its effect on the environment. Also includes links to additional lead resources.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Waterfowl Bookmarks [PDF]
Abstract: These bookmarks provide information about how lead affects waterfowl and is a reminder about the lead sinker regulations.
Source: Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation


The Topic Hub™ is a product of the Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange (P2Rx)

The Lead Sinkers Topic Hub™ was developed by:

Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association
Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association
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Hub Last Updated: 12/4/2012