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Acetone / Adhesives / Air pollution / Air quality / Alternative technologies / Aqueous cleaning / Aqueous solutions / Associations, institutions, etc. / Auditing / Best management practices / Biochemistry / Books / Business / Cadmium / Case studies / CD-ROMs / Chemical processes / Chemical storage / Chemicals / Cleaner production / Cleaning / Cleaning compounds / Cleaning wastes / Compliance / Computer graphics / Computer software / Containers / Cost / Cost effectiveness / Cost savings / Design / Economic aspects / Emission control / Emissions / Engraving / Environment / Environmental aspects / Environmental auditing / Environmental impact analysis / Environmental protection / Environmentally safe products / Etching / Etching reagents / Facility management / Federal government / Film / Flexible packaging / Flexographic printing / Government agencies / Graphic arts / Gravure printing / Great Lakes Region / Handbooks, manuals, etc. / Hazardous substances / Hazardous waste / Hazardous waste management / Health effects / Illinois / Industrial applications / Industrial design / Ink / ISO 14000 series standards / Label industry / Labeling / Labels / Laminated materials / Laws and legislation / Life cycle assessment / Lithographic printing / Management / Marketing / Material safety data sheets / Materials handling / Methodology / Minnesota / Needs assessment / New York (N.Y.) / Occupational safety and health / Offset printing / Ohio / Organic solvents / Packaging / Paper / Paper products / Paper recycling / Pennsylvania / Permits / Photographic film / Photographic processing / Photography / Plastic containers / Plate printing / Pollutants / Pollution / Pollution control / Pollution prevention / Print shops / Printing / Printing plates / Process modification / Publishers and publishing / Quality control / Rags / Raw materials / Recycled products / Recycling (Waste, etc.) / Risk assessment / Risk factors / Risk management / Safety measures / Screen process printing / Site assessment / Small business / Social responsibility / Solid waste / Solvent cleaning / Solvent waste / Solvents / Source reduction (Waste management) / Soy ink / Soy oil / States / Statistics / Substitute materials / Technical assistance / Technological innovations / Toxic chemicals / Toxic release inventory / Ultraviolet curing / United States / United States. Environmental Protection Agency / United States. Occupational Safety and Health Administration / Vendors and purchasers / Volatile organic compounds / Waste / Waste management / Waste reduction / Web printing

Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.

A Field Guide: Eco-Friendly, Efficient and Effective Print, 2nd Edition
Abstract: Monadnock Paper Mills has released the second edition of a how-to guide for creating more sustainable print materials. A Field Guide: Eco-Friendly, Efficient and Effective Print points out alternatives for design decisions that support sustainability. New information in the second edition includes a full chapter dedicated to packaging, an expanded section on energy and emissions, and an overview of the various environmental programs, logos, and terminology that many paper mills use in their product literature today. Sections of the guide include: Paper; Production; Inks; Printing; Finishing; Packaging; Checklist; Reference; and A Commitment Today. The guide is available for download at the URL listed here (PDF Format; Length: 20 pages). The guide may also be ordered at
Source: Monadnock Paper Mills

A Pollution Prevention Guide for the Printing Industry
Abstract: This Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC) fact sheet provides basic pollution prevention information for printers, including suggestions for reducing common wastes, such as silver, inks, solvents, waste from process baths, rags and wipes and other wastes. Also includes contacts for further assistance for Delaware businesses.
Source: Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC)

American Printer Magazine
Abstract: News source of information on technologies and new trends
Source: American Printer Magazine

Association for Suppliers of Printing and Publishing Technologies
Abstract: Association specifically representing companies which manufacture or distribute equipment, systems, software, and supplies used in printing, publishing and converting.
Source: Association for Suppliers of Printing and Publishing Technologies

Association of Quick and Small Commercial Printers
Abstract: Provides industry news, tech tips and information directed to small printers
Source: Association of Quick and Small Commercial Printers

Basic OSHA Record keeping & Training Requirements Affecting Printing
Abstract: Fact sheet provides a brief description of some OSHA record keeping and training regulation steps
Source: PNEAC

Basic RCRA Recordkeeping for Printers
Abstract: Provides basic understanding of various record keeping requirements mandated by EPA.
Source: Printers? National Environmental Assistance Center (PNEAC)

Best Management Practices for the Printing Industry
Abstract: Fact sheet offers key P2 practices such as materials substitutions, recycling and changeover recommendations for best management practices.
Source: VA Small Business Assistance Program

Biochemicals for the Printing Industry [PDF]
Abstract: Discusses biochemical alternatives to toxic petrochemicals used in the printing industry. Includes case studies and references. (PDF Format; Length: 15 pages)
Source: Institute for Local Self Reliance

Comparing Laser Engraving Technologies: Nd: YAG vs. CO2
Abstract: FLEXO Magazine article by Dan Reilly (FLEXO, August 1999, p. 52-57) that discusses the practical use of both laser technologies and attempts to define the pros and cons of each, focusing more on how the finished engravings perform, rather than differences in the way the lasers operate.
Source: FLEXO Magazine

Demystifying Environmental Management Systems (EMS) for Printers
Abstract: An explanation of the benefits of an EMS for printers. Written by Jeffrey R. Adrian.
Source: PNEAC - J. Adrian

Environmental Health and Safety Checklist for Minnesota Printers
Abstract: This is a tool to assist printing companies in identifying environmental, health and safety requirements (regulations) that may be applicable to them.
Source: MN TAP

Environmental Management of Photopolymer Flexographic Printing Plates
Abstract: Written by Doreen Monteleone, Ph.D., of the Flexographic Technical Association, this fact sheet describes environmental considerations in the use of various photopolymer flexographic plate development processes.
Source: Printers? National Environmental Assistance Center

Environmental Publications for Printers [PDF]
Abstract: A list of printing industry periodicals, etc. for additional reference
Source: PNEAC

EPA Sector Notebook on Printing Industry
Abstract: Thorough overview, essential background document. Includes P2 opportunities, compliance issues, specific regulatory information, and statistical overview.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assistance

Abstract: Finishing may include operations such as coating, cutting, folding, and binding.
Source: Virtual Flexo Plant (VFP)

Flexographic Ink Options: A Cleaner Technologies Substitutes Assessment
Abstract: Comparative evaluation of solvent-based, water-based, and ultra-violet cured ink technologies on wide-web film substrates. It assesses the performance, cost, energy, and environmental and human health impacts of 45 ink formulations.
Source: U.S. EPA Design for Environment

Graphic Arts Blue Book
Abstract: A nationwide source for graphic arts products & services
Source: Arts Blue Book

Graphic Arts Information Network (GAIN)
Abstract: On-line information for the Printing Industry of America Association and the Graphic Arts Technical Foundation.
Source: PIA/GATF

Graphic Arts Monthly Magazine
Abstract: Features industry news, new technologies and upcoming events
Source: Graphic Arts Monthly Magazine

GreenPrinter: Eco-Friendly Printing
Abstract: GreenPrinter provides and environmentally friendly printing service, featuring New Leaf Paper and Climate Cool shipping. Through, you can obtain: high-quality, affordable printing services; featuring real-time print quotes and online ordering; using state-of-the-art recycled papers; printing by a certified environmentally responsible company; and shipped directly to you with zero climate impact. In addition, all printing services purchased through results in a financial contribution to support, an acclaimed, nonprofit online resource on business and the environment. is a program of the National Environmental Education & Training Foundation.
Source: Tulip Graphics &

Ink and Cleaner Waste Reduction Evaluation for Flexographic Printers [PDF]
Abstract: Describes the technical and economic efforts incurred by a flexographic label printing company that changed the type of ink and cleaning agent used in its print shop. The changes were incurred as the best way to eliminate all hazardous materials. (PDF Format; Length: 43 pages)
Source: IL Waste Management and Research Center

Management of Solvents and Wipes in the Printing Industry [PDF]
Abstract: General guidance on reducing and managing solvent wastes for printers. (PDF format; Length: 4 pages)
Source: Printers? National Environmental Assistance Center (PNEAC)

Pearl Pressman Liberty Saves Over $21,000
Abstract: A summary of the energy efforts (Green Lights/Energy Star) at a Pennsylvania print facility, which resulted in a $21,000 savings.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Pennsylvania: Dopaco, Inc. Case Study [PDF]
Abstract: Dopaco, Inc. supplies printed and formed paperboard cartons and cups to the fast food industry. The printing is done using either rotogravure printing presses with water-based or solvent-based inks or flexographic printing presses with water-based inks. (PDF Format; Length: 2 pages)
Source: PA Department of Environmental Protection

Pollution Prevention for the Printing Industry: A Manual for Technical Assistance Providers
Abstract: Contains common P2 practices for printing and several case studies. Lithography, flexograhy, gravure, letterpress, and screen-printing are described in depth, along with major P2 concerns associated with each.
Source: NEWMOA and IL Waste Management and Research Center

Pollution Prevention Self-Assessment
Abstract: P2 self-assessment checklist to help printers learn how to reduce waste and increase efficiency.
Source: Montana State University

Pollution Prevention: Environmental Marketing
Abstract: This fact sheet offers environmental marketing tips.
Source: MT State University

Pollution Prevention: Working With Suppliers
Abstract: Offers P2 tips for working with vendors and trade associations.
Source: Montana State University

Abstract: The prepress process includes the various printing related services, performed before ink is actually put on the printing press.
Source: Virtual Flexo Plant (VFP)

Abstract: The five types of printing presses used for flexographic printing are the stack type, central impression cylinder (CIC), in-line, newspaper unit, and dedicated 4-, 5-, or 6-color unit commercial publication flexographic presses.
Source: Virtual Flexo Plant (VFP)

Printers' National Environmental Assistance Center
Abstract: Compliance assistance center, current trends, news, tools
Source: PNEAC

Printer's One Plan Approach to the OSHA Hazard Communication Program, the EPA Emergency Response Plan, and the EPA Risk Management Plan
Abstract: Discusses and explains elements in the OSHA Hazard Communication Program
Source: Printers' National Environmental Assistance Center (PNEAC)

Printing Industry Manuals on Compliance, P2 & Processes [PDF]
Abstract: A directory of state and regional printing compliance & P2 manuals
Source: PNEAC

Printing Processes
Abstract: The printing processes listed on this website include process flow diagrams, process descriptions, and material balance diagrams for each unit operation.
Source: Printers' National Environmental Assistance Center

Solvent Elimination by Off Press Cleaning with CO2
Abstract: This case study describes how a flexographic packaging printer eliminated the use of solvents in cleaning removable press components by switching to carbon dioxide blasting.
Source: Georgia Department of Natural Resources Pollution Prevention Assistance Division

Summary of the EPA Regional Office and State Positions Concerning the Regulatory Status of Contaminated [soiled] Shop Towels [PDF]
Abstract: 1996 summary of state's positions on the regulatory status of disposable soiled shop towels and wipes.
Source: PNEAC

Sun Chemical Develops Alternatives to Solvent Flexo Printing
Abstract: Sun Chemical has announced a breakthrough in water-based ink technology for flexographic printing on polythene (PE) film. The company's new approach offers a viable and cost-effective alternative to solvent-based inks, and allows printers to comply with pending European legislation that will affect the industry while printing up to 600 meters per minute. From October 2007, the Solvent Emissions Directive states that every printing firm that uses more than 15 tons of solvents per year must either invest in incineration units or find alternatives for 75 percent of its solvent-based print colors. In addition, the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Directive legislates that printing firms using more than 200 tons of solvents per year must be in possession of a specific environmental certificate and must strictly apply procedures according to "best practice techniques." Sun Chemical's innovative breakthrough is the use of modified amine soluble resins, which crosslink after they transfer from the press to the substrate, making the inks fully water resistant when dry. Each of the inks - known as Barracuda, Piranha and Beluga - has been designed for specific applications. Erik Segers, corporate product manager liquid inks, Sun Chemical Europe, said, "Water-based inks are ideal for smaller printing businesses which do not have the capital to invest in the more costly incinerating equipment. Additionally, unlike the use of incinerators, water-based inks will not increase printers' carbon emissions, which could be taxed in the future to address concerns about global warming. Early trials suggest the total cost of print could be reduced up to 20 percent by switching from solvent-based to water-based ink. However, this could vary depending on a printer's individual circumstances."
Source: Ink World Magazine

Testing a Multi-Color Press [PDF]
Abstract: Written by Kenneth E. Rizzo. Detailed explanation of press testing to determine need for restoration or service. (PDF format; Length: 8 pages)
Source: Graphic Arts Technical Foundation (GATF), SecondSight Magazine

Toxic Release Inventory for Printing and Publishing (SIC27): 1996 Releases and 1988-1996 Trend Analysis [PDF]
Abstract: Summary of release reporting components of 1996 TRI report. (PDF format; Length: 20 pages)
Source: Printers' National Environmenatl Assistance Center (PNEAC)

Universal Waste Rules and How they Affect a Printer [PDF]
Abstract: Detailed information on how Universal Waste Rules apply to a printing operation. (PDF Format; Length: 4 pages).
Source: Printers? National Environmental Assistance Center (PNEAC)

Waste Minimization Assessment for a Manufacturer of Labels and Flexible Packaging [PDF]
Abstract: Describes key findings of an EPA pilot project to assist small and medium-sized manufacturers who want to minimize waste generation; pilot plant manufactures spiral wound labels for commercial use and flexible packaging for foods.
Source: U.S. EPA

What are VOC's and Do Printing Related Materials Contain Them
Abstract: Discusses volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and products containing VOCs that are commonly used in printing.
Source: Printers' National Environmental Assistance Center (PNEAC)

What is Hazardous Waste
Abstract: Explains how to determine if a waste is classified as hazardous. Focuses on wastes commonly generated by printers.
Source: PNEAC


The Topic Hub™ is a product of the Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange (P2Rx)

The Printing-Flexography Topic Hub™ was developed by:

Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable
Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable
Contact email:

Hub Last Updated: 9/4/2008