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Printing-Flexography: Browse by Keyword
Table of Contents
Background and Overview
Operations
Reasons for Change
P2 Opportunities
Key Contacts
Acknowledgements
Complete List of Links

Keywords:
Acetone / Adhesives / Air pollution / Air quality / Alternative technologies / Aqueous cleaning / Aqueous solutions / Associations, institutions, etc. / Auditing / Best management practices / Biochemistry / Books / Business / Cadmium / Case studies / CD-ROMs / Chemical processes / Chemical storage / Chemicals / Cleaner production / Cleaning / Cleaning compounds / Cleaning wastes / Compliance / Computer graphics / Computer software / Containers / Cost / Cost effectiveness / Cost savings / Design / Economic aspects / Emission control / Emissions / Engraving / Environment / Environmental aspects / Environmental auditing / Environmental impact analysis / Environmental protection / Environmentally safe products / Etching / Etching reagents / Facility management / Federal government / Film / Flexible packaging / Flexographic printing / Government agencies / Graphic arts / Gravure printing / Great Lakes Region / Handbooks, manuals, etc. / Hazardous substances / Hazardous waste / Hazardous waste management / Health effects / Illinois / Industrial applications / Industrial design / Ink / ISO 14000 series standards / Label industry / Labeling / Labels / Laminated materials / Laws and legislation / Life cycle assessment / Lithographic printing / Management / Marketing / Material safety data sheets / Materials handling / Methodology / Minnesota / Needs assessment / New York (N.Y.) / Occupational safety and health / Offset printing / Ohio / Organic solvents / Packaging / Paper / Paper products / Paper recycling / Pennsylvania / Permits / Photographic film / Photographic processing / Photography / Plastic containers / Plate printing / Pollutants / Pollution / Pollution control / Pollution prevention / Print shops / Printing / Printing plates / Process modification / Publishers and publishing / Quality control / Rags / Raw materials / Recycled products / Recycling (Waste, etc.) / Risk assessment / Risk factors / Risk management / Safety measures / Screen process printing / Site assessment / Small business / Social responsibility / Solid waste / Solvent cleaning / Solvent waste / Solvents / Source reduction (Waste management) / Soy ink / Soy oil / States / Statistics / Substitute materials / Technical assistance / Technological innovations / Toxic chemicals / Toxic release inventory / Ultraviolet curing / United States / United States. Environmental Protection Agency / United States. Occupational Safety and Health Administration / Vendors and purchasers / Volatile organic compounds / Waste / Waste management / Waste reduction / Web printing


Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.

A Pollution Prevention Guide for the Printing Industry
Abstract: This Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC) fact sheet provides basic pollution prevention information for printers, including suggestions for reducing common wastes, such as silver, inks, solvents, waste from process baths, rags and wipes and other wastes. Also includes contacts for further assistance for Delaware businesses.
Source: Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC)
URL: http://www.dnrec.state.de.us/DNREC2000/P2/PrintingIndustry.h
tm

Acetone Regulations and Pollution Prevention: What You Should Know [PDF]
Abstract: Regulatory information for manufacturers in Ohio.
Source: OH EPA
URL: http://wwwapp.epa.ohio.gov/opp/fact34.pdf

Exact Printing Plate Begins their Journey on the Road to Pollution Prevention [PDF]
Abstract: This case study from the Ontario Centre for Environmental Technology Advancement (OCETA) describes pollution prevention recommendations for Exact Printing Plate, a flexographic printing plate supplier. Includes information on waste reduction in the engraving and film production processes. (PDF Format; Length: 2 pages)
Source: OCETA Toronto Region Sustainability Program
URL: http://www.oceta.on.ca/TORSUS/Exact.pdf

Flexible Packaging Association: Examples of Source Reduction
Abstract: This web site provides examples of how the use of flexible packaging reduces the total amount of packaging, and thus decreases the amount of material consumers discard.
Source: Flexible Packaging Association
URL: http://www.flexpack.org/public/source_reduction_examples.asp

Ink and Cleaner Waste Reduction Evaluation for Flexographic Printers [PDF]
Abstract: Describes the technical and economic efforts incurred by a flexographic label printing company that changed the type of ink and cleaning agent used in its print shop. The changes were incurred as the best way to eliminate all hazardous materials. (PDF Format; Length: 43 pages)
Source: IL Waste Management and Research Center
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/tr/tr12.pdf

Pollution Prevention for the Printing Industry: A Manual for Technical Assistance Providers
Abstract: Contains common P2 practices for printing and several case studies. Lithography, flexograhy, gravure, letterpress, and screen-printing are described in depth, along with major P2 concerns associated with each.
Source: NEWMOA and IL Waste Management and Research Center
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/manuals/printing/toc.htm

Reducing Ink and Solvent Use in Enclosed Flexographic Inking Systems [PDF]
Abstract: Explains the environmental benefits of moving from an open to an enclosed ink delivery and metering system. (PDF format; Length: 5 pages)
Source: Printers? National Environmental Assistance Center (PNEAC)
URL: http://www.pneac.org/sheets/flexo/InkingSystems.pdf

Silver Recovery Systems and Waste Reduction in Photo Processing
Abstract: Fact sheet focuses on silver sources, recycling and reducing silver uses.
Source: NC EHNR
URL: http://www.pneac.org/sheets/all/silver.cfm

Sun Chemical Develops Alternatives to Solvent Flexo Printing
Abstract: Sun Chemical has announced a breakthrough in water-based ink technology for flexographic printing on polythene (PE) film. The company's new approach offers a viable and cost-effective alternative to solvent-based inks, and allows printers to comply with pending European legislation that will affect the industry while printing up to 600 meters per minute. From October 2007, the Solvent Emissions Directive states that every printing firm that uses more than 15 tons of solvents per year must either invest in incineration units or find alternatives for 75 percent of its solvent-based print colors. In addition, the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Directive legislates that printing firms using more than 200 tons of solvents per year must be in possession of a specific environmental certificate and must strictly apply procedures according to "best practice techniques." Sun Chemical's innovative breakthrough is the use of modified amine soluble resins, which crosslink after they transfer from the press to the substrate, making the inks fully water resistant when dry. Each of the inks - known as Barracuda, Piranha and Beluga - has been designed for specific applications. Erik Segers, corporate product manager liquid inks, Sun Chemical Europe, said, "Water-based inks are ideal for smaller printing businesses which do not have the capital to invest in the more costly incinerating equipment. Additionally, unlike the use of incinerators, water-based inks will not increase printers' carbon emissions, which could be taxed in the future to address concerns about global warming. Early trials suggest the total cost of print could be reduced up to 20 percent by switching from solvent-based to water-based ink. However, this could vary depending on a printer's individual circumstances."
Source: Ink World Magazine
URL: http://www.inkworldmagazine.com/news/2007/06/28/sun_chemical
_develops_alternatives_to_solvent_flexo_printing

Toxics in Packaging Clearinghouse (TPCH)
Abstract: TPCH was formed in 1992 to promote the Model Toxics in Packaging Legislation. This legislation is designed to phase out the use and presence of mercury, lead, cadmium & hexavalent chromium in packaging within four years in states that enact it.
Source: The Council of State Governments (CSG)
URL: http://www.toxicsinpackaging.org/

Toxics Use Reduction Case Study: Water & Ink Waste Reduction at F.C. Meyer Company
Abstract: A cardboard box manufacturer and printer has trained its employees in "good housekeeping" practices and significantly reduced ink wastes and wastewater generated when cleaning the printing presses.
Source: MA Office of Technical Assistance
URL: http://www.pneac.org/sheets/flexo/fcmeyer.cfm

Waste Minimization Assessment for a Manufacturer of Labels and Flexible Packaging [PDF]
Abstract: Describes key findings of an EPA pilot project to assist small and medium-sized manufacturers who want to minimize waste generation; pilot plant manufactures spiral wound labels for commercial use and flexible packaging for foods.
Source: U.S. EPA
URL: http://www.pneac.org/sheets/gravure/envresbrief3.pdf

Which Metals Does the Toxics in Packaging Clearinghouse (TPCH) Legislation Target?
Abstract: Includes links to detailed descriptions (including health effects) of cadmium, mercury, lead, and hexavalent chromium, the metals targeted for elimination or reduction in packaging by the TPCH legislation.
Source: The Council of State Governments (CSG)
URL: http://www.toxicsinpackaging.org/which_metals.html

 


The Topic Hub™ is a product of the Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange (P2Rx)

The Printing-Flexography Topic Hub™ was developed by:

Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable
Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable
Contact email: glrppr@istc.illinois.edu

Hub Last Updated: 9/4/2008