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Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.
A Pollution Prevention Guide for the Printing Industry
Abstract: This Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC) fact sheet provides basic pollution prevention information for printers, including suggestions for reducing common wastes, such as silver, inks, solvents, waste from process baths, rags and wipes and other wastes. Also includes contacts for further assistance for Delaware businesses.
Source: Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC)
Acetone Regulations and Pollution Prevention: What You Should Know [PDF]
Abstract: Regulatory information for manufacturers in Ohio.
Source: OH EPA
Exact Printing Plate Begins their Journey on the Road to Pollution Prevention [PDF]
Abstract: This case study from the Ontario Centre for Environmental Technology Advancement (OCETA) describes pollution prevention recommendations for Exact Printing Plate, a flexographic printing plate supplier. Includes information on waste reduction in the engraving and film production processes. (PDF Format; Length: 2 pages)
Source: OCETA Toronto Region Sustainability Program
Flexible Packaging Association: Examples of Source Reduction
Abstract: This web site provides examples of how the use of flexible packaging reduces the total amount of packaging, and thus decreases the amount of material consumers discard.
Source: Flexible Packaging Association
Ink and Cleaner Waste Reduction Evaluation for Flexographic Printers [PDF]
Abstract: Describes the technical and economic efforts incurred by a flexographic label printing company that changed the type of ink and cleaning agent used in its print shop. The changes were incurred as the best way to eliminate all hazardous materials. (PDF Format; Length: 43 pages)
Source: IL Waste Management and Research Center
Pollution Prevention for the Printing Industry: A Manual for Technical Assistance Providers
Abstract: Contains common P2 practices for printing and several case studies. Lithography, flexograhy, gravure, letterpress, and screen-printing are described in depth, along with major P2 concerns associated with each.
Source: NEWMOA and IL Waste Management and Research Center
Reducing Ink and Solvent Use in Enclosed Flexographic Inking Systems [PDF]
Abstract: Explains the environmental benefits of moving from an open to an enclosed ink delivery and metering system. (PDF format; Length: 5 pages)
Source: Printers? National Environmental Assistance Center (PNEAC)
Silver Recovery Systems and Waste Reduction in Photo Processing
Abstract: Fact sheet focuses on silver sources, recycling and reducing silver uses.
Source: NC EHNR
Sun Chemical Develops Alternatives to Solvent Flexo Printing
Abstract: Sun Chemical has announced a breakthrough in water-based ink technology for flexographic printing on polythene (PE) film. The company's new approach offers a viable and cost-effective alternative to solvent-based inks, and allows printers to comply with pending European legislation that will affect the industry while printing up to 600 meters per minute. From October 2007, the Solvent Emissions Directive states that every printing firm that uses more than 15 tons of solvents per year must either invest in incineration units or find alternatives for 75 percent of its solvent-based print colors. In addition, the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Directive legislates that printing firms using more than 200 tons of solvents per year must be in possession of a specific environmental certificate and must strictly apply procedures according to "best practice techniques." Sun Chemical's innovative breakthrough is the use of modified amine soluble resins, which crosslink after they transfer from the press to the substrate, making the inks fully water resistant when dry. Each of the inks - known as Barracuda, Piranha and Beluga - has been designed for specific applications. Erik Segers, corporate product manager liquid inks, Sun Chemical Europe, said, "Water-based inks are ideal for smaller printing businesses which do not have the capital to invest in the more costly incinerating equipment. Additionally, unlike the use of incinerators, water-based inks will not increase printers' carbon emissions, which could be taxed in the future to address concerns about global warming. Early trials suggest the total cost of print could be reduced up to 20 percent by switching from solvent-based to water-based ink. However, this could vary depending on a printer's individual circumstances."
Source: Ink World Magazine
Toxics in Packaging Clearinghouse (TPCH)
Abstract: TPCH was formed in 1992 to promote the Model Toxics in Packaging Legislation. This legislation is designed to phase out the use and presence of mercury, lead, cadmium & hexavalent chromium in packaging within four years in states that enact it.
Source: The Council of State Governments (CSG)
Toxics Use Reduction Case Study: Water & Ink Waste Reduction at F.C. Meyer Company
Abstract: A cardboard box manufacturer and printer has trained its employees in "good housekeeping" practices and significantly reduced ink wastes and wastewater generated when cleaning the printing presses.
Source: MA Office of Technical Assistance
Waste Minimization Assessment for a Manufacturer of Labels and Flexible Packaging [PDF]
Abstract: Describes key findings of an EPA pilot project to assist small and medium-sized manufacturers who want to minimize waste generation; pilot plant manufactures spiral wound labels for commercial use and flexible packaging for foods.
Source: U.S. EPA
Which Metals Does the Toxics in Packaging Clearinghouse (TPCH) Legislation Target?
Abstract: Includes links to detailed descriptions (including health effects) of cadmium, mercury, lead, and hexavalent chromium, the metals targeted for elimination or reduction in packaging by the TPCH legislation.
Source: The Council of State Governments (CSG)
The Topic Hub™ is a product of the Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange (P2Rx)
The Printing-Flexography Topic Hub™ was developed by:
Hub Last Updated: 9/4/2008