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Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.

Flexible Packaging Association: Examples of Source Reduction
Abstract: This web site provides examples of how the use of flexible packaging reduces the total amount of packaging, and thus decreases the amount of material consumers discard.
Source: Flexible Packaging Association
URL: http://www.flexpack.org/public/source_reduction_examples.asp

Flexible Packaging Industry Facts & Figures
Abstract: A list of flexible packaging industry statistics for the United States of America.
Source: Flexible Packaging Association
URL: http://www.flexpack.org/INDUST/industry_facts_figures.asp

Flexible Packaging Strategic Plan: Match the Success of Bottles & Cans
Abstract: Written by Robert Moran. Outlines marketing considerations, applications, current industry conditions and future expectations. (Hard copy available in FLEXO Magazine, December 2001, p. 20-22)
Source: FLEXO Magazine On-line Publications
URL: http://www.flexography.org/flexo/story/FM122001.html

Replacement of Hazardous Material in Wide Web Flexographic Printing Process
Abstract: A wide web flexographic printing firm in New York substituted water-based inks for solvent-based inks when manufacturing flexible packaging, using plastic sheet substrates (e.g., plastic bags for bread).
Source: U.S. EPA
URL: http://www.pneac.org/sheets/flexo/replacehazardswidewebflexo
.cfm

Small Business Waste Reduction Guide: Printing & Laminating Case Study #1 [PDF]
Abstract: C & H Packaging in Merrill, WI reduced VOC emissions by converting from VOC-based materials and technology to water-based materials and technology.
Source: EnviroSense
URL: http://www.glrppr.org/docs/printing_and_laminating_case_stud
y.pdf

Solvent Elimination by Off Press Cleaning with CO2
Abstract: This case study describes how a flexographic packaging printer eliminated the use of solvents in cleaning removable press components by switching to carbon dioxide blasting.
Source: Georgia Department of Natural Resources Pollution Prevention Assistance Division
URL: http://www.p2ad.org/documents/ma_printing3.html

Sun Chemical Develops Alternatives to Solvent Flexo Printing
Abstract: Sun Chemical has announced a breakthrough in water-based ink technology for flexographic printing on polythene (PE) film. The company's new approach offers a viable and cost-effective alternative to solvent-based inks, and allows printers to comply with pending European legislation that will affect the industry while printing up to 600 meters per minute. From October 2007, the Solvent Emissions Directive states that every printing firm that uses more than 15 tons of solvents per year must either invest in incineration units or find alternatives for 75 percent of its solvent-based print colors. In addition, the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Directive legislates that printing firms using more than 200 tons of solvents per year must be in possession of a specific environmental certificate and must strictly apply procedures according to "best practice techniques." Sun Chemical's innovative breakthrough is the use of modified amine soluble resins, which crosslink after they transfer from the press to the substrate, making the inks fully water resistant when dry. Each of the inks - known as Barracuda, Piranha and Beluga - has been designed for specific applications. Erik Segers, corporate product manager liquid inks, Sun Chemical Europe, said, "Water-based inks are ideal for smaller printing businesses which do not have the capital to invest in the more costly incinerating equipment. Additionally, unlike the use of incinerators, water-based inks will not increase printers' carbon emissions, which could be taxed in the future to address concerns about global warming. Early trials suggest the total cost of print could be reduced up to 20 percent by switching from solvent-based to water-based ink. However, this could vary depending on a printer's individual circumstances."
Source: Ink World Magazine
URL: http://www.inkworldmagazine.com/news/2007/06/28/sun_chemical
_develops_alternatives_to_solvent_flexo_printing

Toxics in Packaging Clearinghouse (TPCH)
Abstract: TPCH was formed in 1992 to promote the Model Toxics in Packaging Legislation. This legislation is designed to phase out the use and presence of mercury, lead, cadmium & hexavalent chromium in packaging within four years in states that enact it.
Source: The Council of State Governments (CSG)
URL: http://www.toxicsinpackaging.org/

Waste Minimization Assessment for a Manufacturer of Labels and Flexible Packaging [PDF]
Abstract: Describes key findings of an EPA pilot project to assist small and medium-sized manufacturers who want to minimize waste generation; pilot plant manufactures spiral wound labels for commercial use and flexible packaging for foods.
Source: U.S. EPA
URL: http://www.pneac.org/sheets/gravure/envresbrief3.pdf

Which Metals Does the Toxics in Packaging Clearinghouse (TPCH) Legislation Target?
Abstract: Includes links to detailed descriptions (including health effects) of cadmium, mercury, lead, and hexavalent chromium, the metals targeted for elimination or reduction in packaging by the TPCH legislation.
Source: The Council of State Governments (CSG)
URL: http://www.toxicsinpackaging.org/which_metals.html

 


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