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P2 and Environmental Security: Browse by Keyword
Table of Contents
Background and Overview
Reasons for Change
Integrating P2 and Security
P2 Opportunities
Key Contacts
Acknowledgements
Complete List of Links

Keywords:
Accidents - Prevention / Agricultural chemicals / Air pollution / Air quality management / Airplanes / Alternative fuels / Analytical methods / Assessment / Best management practices / Bioaccumulation / Bioavailability / Biological assay / Biology / Biomass / Building maintenance / Cancer / Carcinogens / Chemical engineering / Chemical industry / Chemical laboratories / Chemical plants / Chemical processes / Chemical reactions / Chemical spills / Chemical storage / Chemical tracking / Chemicals / Chemistry / Chlorinated solvents / Chlorine compounds / Cities and towns / Clean Air Act / Cleaner production / Cleaning compounds / Commerce / Compliance / Depositions / Disaster relief / Disinfection and disinfectants / Dose-response relationship (Biochemistry) / Electric power / Electric power plants / Emergency management / Employee safety / Energy industries / Energy policy / Environment / Environmental aspects / Environmental auditing / Environmental chemistry / Environmental exposure / Environmental health / Environmental impact analysis / Environmental modeling / Environmental policy / Environmental protection / Environmentally safe products / Epidemiology / Facility management / Federal government / Fertilizers / Flammability / Food / Food contamination / Fossil fuel power plants / Fossil fuels / Fuel / Gas power plants / Geothermal resources / Government agencies / Government information / Hazardous substances / Hazardous waste / Hazardous waste generators / Hazardous waste management / Health / Health effects / Herbicides / Hospitals / Hydroelectric power plants / Indoor air pollution / Indoor air quality / Industrial buildings / Industrial design / Industrial policy / Infectious agents / Inflammable materials / Laboratories / Laboratory wastes / Laws and legislation / Legislators / Life cycle assessment / Local government / Maintenance / Management / Manufacturers / Material safety data sheets / Medical instruments and apparatus / Medical laboratories / Medical technology / Mercury / Methodology / Military bases / Military weapons / Municipal government / Municipal services / Municipal waste / Municipal water supply / Natural gas / Navy-yards and naval stations / Needs assessment / Neurotoxic agents / Nuclear energy / Nuclear power plants / Nuclear weapons industry / Occupational safety and health / Oil industry / Oil pollution / Oil storage tanks / Organic chemicals / Organic solvents / Organic wastes / Pest control / Pesticide residues / Pesticides / Pesticides industry and trade / Petroleum / Petroleum industry and trade / Petroleum refineries / Petroleum waste / Pipelines / Poisoning / Poisons / Pollutants / Pollution / Pollution prevention / POTW / Power / Power plants / Premature infants / Process modification / Product safety / Public buildings / Public utilities / Public works / Publicly owned treatment works / Radioactive substances / Radioactive wastes / Radioisotopes / Railroads / Research / Resource Conservation and Recovery Act / Retail trade / Right-to-know / Risk assessment / Risk communication / Risk factors / Risk management / Safe Drinking Water Act / Safety equipment / Safety measures / Science / Sewage treatment / Site assessment / Solar energy / Solvents / Source reduction (Waste management) / Spills and accidents / State governments / States / Statistics / Storage / Storage tanks / Substitute materials / Surveying / Technical assistance / Technical reports / Technology / Technology assessment / Testing / Testing laboratories / Testing methods / Toxic chemicals / Toxic release inventory / Toxicity / Toxicity testing / Toxicology / Trace analysis / Transportation / Trucking / Underground storage / United States / United States. Department of Agriculture / United States. Department of Defense / United States. Department of Energy / United States. Department of Transportation / United States. Environmental Protection Agency / United States. Food and Drug Administration / United States. Occupational Safety and Health Administration / Urban transportation / Utilities / Violence / Washington, D.C. / Waste / Waste disposal / Waste management / Waste products / Waste reduction / Waste storage / Waste treatment / Water / Water pollution / Water purification / Water quality / Water supply / Water treatment / Weapons industry / Wind power


Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.

Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS)
Abstract: CCPS and its sponsor companies are committed to protecting employees, communities, and the environment by developing engineering and management practices to prevent or mitigate catastrophic releases of chemicals, hydrocarbons, and other hazardous materials. The organization?s web site includes several tools, databases and over 80 books and other publications to help improve the safety of chemical processes.
Source: American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE)
URL: http://www.aiche.org/ccps/

Chemical Accident Prevention: Site Security [PDF]
Abstract: Because of today?s increased concerns about terrorism, companies are paying increased attention to the physical security of facility sites, chemical storage areas, and chemical processes. This Chemical Safety Alert highlights security areas that companies may want to review to ensure that appropriate measures are being implemented and provides resources for further information. (Length: 8 pages)
Source: US EPA Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response
URL: http://www.epa.gov/oem/docs/chem/secale.pdf

Chemical Accidents from Electric Power Outages [PDF]
Abstract: This safety alert describes how power outages and restarts can potentially trigger chemical accidents. Case studies and lessons learned are included, as well as guidelines for hazard identification, tips for risk reduction and resources for further information. (Length: 5 pages)
Source: US EPA Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response
URL: http://www.epa.gov/oem/docs/chem/power.pdf

Chemical Plant Security [PDF]
Abstract: This Congressional report provides an overview of chemical plant security issues and discusses policy options for the improvement of plant security. Includes information on inherently safer processes as a way to decrease security risks. (PDF format; Length: 35 pages)
Source: Congressional Research Service/Library of Congress
URL: http://www.ncseonline.org/nle/crsreports/03Feb/RL31530.pdf

Chemical Safety Information, Site Security and Fuels
Abstract: This EPA web site provides information on the Chemical Safety Information, Site Security and Fuels Regulatory Relief Act, including a link to the actual statute.
Source: U.S. EPA
URL: http://www.epa.gov/emergencies/content/lawsregs/chemover.htm

Chemical Sector Information Sharing and Analysis Center (ISAC)
Abstract: Coordinated by the Chemical Transportation Emergency Center (CHEMTREC®), a service of the American Chemistry Council. A primary goal of the Chemical Sector ISAC is to enable the National Infrastructure Protection Center (NIPC), to disseminate timely and actionable assessment, advisories and alerts to appropriate government and private sector entities when such incidents are deemed to have possible serious national security, economic or social consequences. The Chemical Sector ISAC is intended for those companies or other organizations involved in the manufacture, storage, transportation, distribution or handling of chemical products.
Source: CHEMTREC
URL: http://chemicalisac.chemtrec.com/

Chemical Security Act of 2003 (S.157) [PDF]
Abstract: Senator John Corzine (D-NJ) proposed this bill to the 108th Congress. This bill proposes some measures to reduce potential impacts through prevention efforts. It directs the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency to promulgate regulations to: (1) designate certain combinations of chemical sources and substances of concern as high priority categories based on the severity of the threat posed by an unauthorized release from chemical sources; and (2) require each owner and operator of a high priority category chemical source to conduct an assessment of the vulnerability of the source to a terrorist attack or other unauthorized release, identify hazards that may result from such release, and prepare a prevention, preparedness, and response plan. (PDF Format; Length: 23 pages)
Source: Government Printing Office
URL: http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=10
8_cong_bills&docid=f:s157is.txt.pdf

Clean Air Act 112 (r)
Abstract: This US EPA website provides information on the section of the Clean Air Act related to hazards associated with accidental releases of chemicals, plans for facility safety and response plans. This website includes related fact sheets, links to the text of the statute and regulation, information on related policies and frequently asked questions and answers.
Source: US EPA
URL: http://www.epa.gov/oem/content/rmp/caa_faqs.htm

EPRCA Information
Abstract: This EPA website provides an overview of the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA), information on compliance and reporting, chemical information, guidance documents and resources for further information. The EPCRA establishes requirements for governments, tribes, and industry that deal with hazardous and toxic chemicals for emergency planning, release potential assessment, and communication and reporting.
Source: US EPA
URL: http://www.epa.gov/oem/content/lawsregs/epcraover.htm

Explosion Hazard from Ammonium Nitrate [PDF]
Abstract: This safety alert describes accidents involving the explosion of ammonium nitrate, a chemical commonly used as a fertilizer and a component in blasting agents. Includes information on hazard identification, process safety areas for hazard reduction and resources for further information. (Length: 5 pages)
Source: US EPA Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response
URL: http://www.epa.gov/emergencies/docs/chem/ammonitr.pdf

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
Abstract: FEMA is an independent agency of the U.S. federal government that reports to the President. Its mission is to reduce loss of life and property and protect the nation?s critical infrastructure from all types of hazards through a comprehensive, risk-based, emergency management program of mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery.
Source: FEMA
URL: http://www.fema.gov/

Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA): Hazardous Materials Safety
Abstract: Part of the mission of FMCSA is to reduce the security risks of hazardous materials that could potentially be used to harm the public and environment. Developing programs to accomplish this secondary goal is the responsibility of the FMCSA Hazardous Materials (HM) Program. The program?s web site provides information on hazardous materials security, cargo tank motor vehicle safety, spill reporting and prevention, permits and shipping, risk assessment and analyses, training and education, and resources for further information.
Source: U.S. Department of Transportation FMCSA
URL: http://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/safetyprogs/hm.htm

Food Producers, Processors, Transporters, and Retailers: Food Security Preventive Measures Guidance [PDF]
Abstract: This guidance is designed as an aid to operators of food establishments (i.e. firms that produce, process, store, repack, relabel, distribute, or transport food or food ingredients or that prepare or distribute food at retail). It identifies preventive measures that they can take to minimize the risk that food under their control will be subject to tampering or criminal or terrorist actions. It is relevant to all sectors of the food system (i.e., from farm-to-table), including farms, aquaculture facilities, fishing vessels, producers, transportation operations, processing facilities, packing facilities, warehouses, and retail and food-service establishments. This guidance is designed to focus operators sequentially on each segment of the farm-to-table system that is within their control, to minimize the risk of tampering or criminal or terrorist action at each segment. (Length: 9 pages)
Source: U.S. Food and Drug Administration
URL: http://www.fda.gov/OHRMS/DOCKETS/98fr/01d_0583_gdl0001.pdf

FSIS Safety and Security Guidelines for the Transportation and Distribution of Meat, Poultry, and Egg Products [PDF]
Abstract: These guidelines address all transportation and distribution points where potential contaminants (physical, chemical, radiological, or microbiological) could be introduced. Prevention of contamination and security measures against deliberate contamination attempts by terrorists are covered. (PDF Format; Length: 40 pages)
Source: USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS)
URL: http://www.fsis.usda.gov/oa/topics/transportguide.pdf

GLRPPR Environmental Security Sector Resource
Abstract: This Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable (GLRPPR) Sector Resource provides a compilation of annotated regional and national resources focused on pollution prevention as it relates to environmental security. Also provides a list of regional contacts for further information.
Source: GLRPPR
URL: http://www.glrppr.org/contacts/gltopichub.cfm?sectorid=130

GLRPPR Green Chemistry Sector Resource
Abstract: This Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable (GLRPPR) Sector Resource provides a compilation of annotated regional and national resources related to green chemistry. Also provides a list of regional contacts for further information.
Source: Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable (GLRPPR)
URL: http://www.glrppr.org/contacts/gltopichub.cfm?sectorid=28

Hazardous Materials Safety for the Safe Transportation of Hazardous Materials
Abstract: This web site provides information on aspects of the DOT Hazardous Materials Risk Management Program.
Source: U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT)
URL: http://phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat

Homeland Security: Voluntary Initiatives Are Under Way at Chemical Facilities, but the Extent of Security Preparedness is Unknown [PDF]
Abstract: The events of September 11, 2001, triggered a national re-examination of the security of thousands of industrial facilities that use or store hazardous chemicals in quantities that could potentially put large numbers of Americans at risk of serious injury or death in the event of a terrorist-caused chemical release. GAO was asked to examine (1) available information on the threats and risks from terrorism faced by U.S. chemical facilities; (2) federal requirements for security preparedness and safety at facilities; (3) actions taken by federal agencies to assess the vulnerability of the industry; and (4) voluntary actions the chemical industry has taken to address security preparedness, and the challenges it faces in protecting its assets and operations.
Source: U.S. General Accounting Office
URL: http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d03439.pdf

Importers and Filers: Food Security Preventive Measures Guidance
Abstract: This guidance is designed as an aid to operators of food importing establishments, storage warehouses, and filers. It identifies the kinds of preventive measures that they can take to minimize the risk that food under their control will be subject to tampering or criminal or terrorist actions.
Source: U.S. Food and Drug Administration
URL: http://www.fda.gov/Food/GuidanceComplianceRegulatoryInformat
ion/GuidanceDocuments/FoodDefenseandEmergencyResponse/uc
m078978.htm

Inherently Safer Processes and Plants
Abstract: This web site provides links to articles and presentations by Dennis C. Hendershot of Rohm & Haas Company on inherently safer processes and plants.
Source: D.C. Hendershot
URL: http://home.att.net/~d.c.hendershot/papers.htm

Mary Kay O'Connor Process Safety Center
Abstract: This center was established at Texas A&M University in 1995. The Center conducts programs and research activities that enhance safety in the chemical process industries. The Center also develops safer processes, equipment, procedures and management strategies to minimize losses within the processing industry. The Center?s website includes information on its research, educational programs, access to its library and safety alerts.
Source: Texas A&M University
URL: http://psc.tamu.edu/

OSHA Hazard Communication Standards (29 CFR 1910.1200)
Abstract: These standards require employers to develop a written Hazard Communication Program for their employees and contractors involved in hazardous waste operations. The program must identify, evaluate and control safety and health hazards, and provide for emergency response for hazardous waste operations.
Source: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
URL: http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_tabl
e=STANDARDS&p_id=10099

Preventing Toxic Terrorism: How Some Chemical Facilities Are Removing Danger to American Communities
Abstract: The Department of Homeland Security and numerous security experts have warned that terrorists could turn hazardous chemical facilities into improvised weapons of mass destruction. Some of these facilities have replaced acutely hazardous chemicals with safer, readily available alternatives?making themselves less appealing terrorist targets, while also removing the ever-present danger of a serious accident. At these facilities, no failure in safety or security can send a catastrophic gas cloud into a nearby community. The Center for American Progress, with assistance from the National Association of State PIRGs and National Environmental Trust, conducted a survey to identify such facilities and spotlight successful practices that have removed unnecessary chemical dangers from our communities. This survey (which covered facilities that no longer report using extremely hazardous substances under the federal Risk Management Planning program) found that facilities across the country, representing a range of industries, have switched to safer alternatives from a variety of hazardous chemicals, producing dramatic security and safety benefits at a reasonable cost. This report summarizes the results of that survey. The full report, as well as a map of the facilities covered by the report (both in PDF format) are available for download from the URL listed here.
Source: Center for American Progress
URL: http://www.americanprogress.org/site/apps/s/custom.asp?c=biJ
RJ8OVF&b=1573179

Requirements of the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002
Abstract: Requires most community water systems to conduct a vulnerability assessment and prepare or revise an emergency response plan, which incorporates the results of the vulnerability assessment. The system must then certify completion of the assessment and plan to the U.S. EPA administrator. (PDF Format; Length: 105 pages)
Source: U.S. EPA
URL: http://cfpub.epa.gov/safewater/watersecurity/bioterrorism.cf
m

Rupture Hazard from Liquid Storage Tanks [PDF]
Abstract: This safety alert highlights the environmental contamination that may result from catastrophic failure of liquid storage tanks, particularly those for the storage of fertilizer. Includes accident case studies, information on hazard identification and reduction, and resources for further information. (Length: 5 pages)
Source: US EPA Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response
URL: http://www.epa.gov/emergencies/docs/chem/tanks7.pdf

Safe Storage and Handling of Swimming Pool Chemicals [PDF]
Abstract: This safety alert serves as a reminder the pool chemicals are potentially hazardous substances and thus should be stored and handled with the proper safety considerations in mind. Includes information on hazard triggers, hazard controls, protective measures and resources for further information. (Length: 7 pages)
Source: US EPA Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response
URL: http://www.epa.gov/emergencies/docs/chem/spalert.pdf

Sandia Studies Security at Nation's Chemical Plants
Abstract: As part of a project sponsored by the Department of Justice, Sandia physical security experts have developed a systematic, risk-based assessment process called a vulnerability assessment methodology (VAM) that could be used to evaluate and improve security at more than 10,000 facilities in the U.S. that manufacture, store, or use hazardous chemicals.
Source: Sandia National Laboratories
URL: http://www.sandia.gov/media/NewsRel/NR2002/chemplant.htm

Security Check: Hospitals Haven't Filled Rx for High-Tech Measures
Abstract: Written by Sarah A Klein, this article discusses security vulnerabilities particular to hospitals, providing some local examples from Chicago hospitals. Some suggestions for security improvement are made. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.chicagobusiness.com/mag/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Crain's Chicago Business, Vol. 26 No. 19 (pages 13-14)
URL:

Security Guidance for the Petroleum Industry [PDF]
Abstract: This document is intended to offer security guidance for the oil and natural gas industry, and builds upon the solid foundation of design and operational regulations, standards and recommended practices, which relate to environmental protection, emergency response, and protection from theft and vandalism. Includes guidelines for petroleum refineries, liquid pipelines, petroleum products distribution and marketing, oil and natural gas productions operations, marine transportation, and cyber/information technology security. (PDF Format; Length: 135 pages)
Source: American Petroleum Institute
URL: http://api-ec.api.org/policy/otherissues/upload/Security.pdf

Site Vulnerability Assessments for Facilities That Use, Store, or Transport Chemicals
Abstract: Written by David Heinold and Douglas Smith, ScD., this article describes a step-wise approach to facility vulnerability assessments that is used by ENSR International consultants.
Source: ENSR International
URL: http://www.ensr.aecom.com/Resources/45/58/index.jsp

Surface Transportation Information Sharing and Analysis Center (ST-ISAC)
Abstract: The services provided by the ST-ISAC create a robust cyber and physical security capability for owners, operators and users of critical infrastructure. The ST-ISAC collects, analyzes and distributes critical security and threat information from worldwide resources to protect its members' vital information and information technology systems from attack. ST-ISAC services are specifically tailored to meet the security demands of each one of its members.
Source: ST-ISAC
URL: http://www.surfacetransportationisac.org/

The Association of State Drinking Water Administrators (ASDWA)?Critical Infrastructure Protection
Abstract: This portion of the ASDWA web site provides a comprehensive collection of Internet resources dealing with security and protection for drinking water infrastructure. To view this section of their site, go the URL provided here and select ?Security? from the left-hand navigation bar on that page (the site is in frames format).
Source: ASDWA
URL: http://www.asdwa.org/

The Complementary Role of Environmental and Security Biological Control Regimes in the 21st Century
Abstract: In this article, Graham S. Pearson discusses how considerations of national and international security and the protection of the environment might be combined in future biological control regimes. Full citation: Pearson, G.S. 1997. The Complementary Role of Environmental and Security Biological Control Regimes in the 21st Century. JAMA 278(5): 367-372. Contact your local library or see the JAMA web site at http://jama.ama-assn.org/ for information on obtaining a copy of this article.
Source: Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)
URL:

The Green Chemistry Institute (American Chemical Society)
Abstract: The Green Chemistry Institute (GCI) is a non-profit organization within the American Chemical Society (ACS) founded to promote green chemistry through research, education, information dissemination, conferences & symposia, and international collaboration. GCI works across disciplines and academic, government, and industry sectors to promote the development and implementation of chemical products and processes that reduce or eliminate the use and generation of hazardous substances. The GCI web site provides information on green chemistry awards programs, educational materials, a list of educational institutions that offer academic green chemistry programs, links to international chapters of the GCI, news, information on upcoming green chemistry meetings/conferences, research opportunities, and resources for further information.
Source: American Chemical Society
URL: http://portal.acs.org/portal/acs/corg/content?_nfpb=true&_pa
geLabel=PP_TRANSITIONMAIN&node_id=830&use_sec=false&sec_
url_var=region1&__uuid=b1209e27-7bac-47d6-956c-875082d8c339

The Printer's One Plan Approach to the OSHA Hazard Communication Program, the EPA Emergency Response Plan, and the EPA Risk Management Plan
Abstract: Virtually all printers are required by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to develop a written Hazard Communication Program, and most printers are required by OSHA to develop a written Emergency Action and Fire Prevention Plan. However, only a portion of the printers in the United States are required by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to develop an Emergency Response Plan, and even fewer are required to comply with the Section 112(r) regulations that went into affect June 21, 1999 which requires affected facilities to develop a Risk Management Plan. This fact sheet briefly discusses the elements of each set of rules and then explains how printers can satisfy each of these requirements (as applicable) in one written plan.
Source: Printers? National Environmental Assistance Center (PNEAC)
URL: http://www.pneac.org/sheets/all/printersoneplan.cfm

Transportation Security Regulations
Abstract: The TSA issues and administers Transportation Security Regulations (TSRs), which are codified in Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Chapter XII, parts 1500 through 1699. These regulations cover air, land and maritime travel and transport.
Source: U.S. Transportation Security Administration
URL: http://www.tsa.gov/research/laws/regs/editorial_multi_image_
with_table_0205.shtm

U.S. EPA: Risk Management Program
Abstract: The Risk Management Program Rule requires that companies that use certain flammable and toxic substances to develop a Risk Management Program (RMP). RMPs include hazard assessments, prevention programs and emergency response programs. The Risk Management Program is about reducing chemical risk at the local level. This information helps local fire, police, and emergency response personnel (who must prepare for and respond to chemical accidents), and is useful to citizens in understanding the chemical hazards in communities.
Source: US EPA CEPPO
URL: http://www.epa.gov/emergencies/content/rmp/

Water Security: 14 Features of Active & Effective Security
Abstract: EPA has identified 14 features of an active and effective water security program that will help water and wastewater systems reduce risk to public health from terrorist attacks and natural disasters. The recommendations address utility security in four functional categories: organizational, operational, infrastructure, and external.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
URL: http://cfpub.epa.gov/safewater/watersecurity/14features.cfm

 


The Topic Hub™ is a product of the Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange (P2Rx)

The P2 and Environmental Security Topic Hub™ was developed by:

Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable
Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable
Contact email: glrppr@istc.illinois.edu

Hub Last Updated: 10/2/2012