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Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.
Advice for Safeguarding Buildings Against Chemical or Biological Attack
Abstract: This site is intended for emergency personnel and for building operators. The advice on this site is appropriate for small and medium-sized releases such as those that would be expected from a terrorist attack, not for industrial-scale releases such as those at Bhopal, India or Chernobyl, Ukraine. Includes pre-event advice, during release advice, and training aids.
Source: Lawrence Berkley National Laboratory (LBNL)
Chemical Accident Prevention: Site Security [PDF]
Abstract: Because of today?s increased concerns about terrorism, companies are paying increased attention to the physical security of facility sites, chemical storage areas, and chemical processes. This Chemical Safety Alert highlights security areas that companies may want to review to ensure that appropriate measures are being implemented and provides resources for further information. (Length: 8 pages)
Source: US EPA Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response
Chemical Facilities Security Act of 2003 (S.994)
Abstract: Senator Inhofe (R-OK) proposed this bill to the 108th Congress. The bill would require the chemical industry to conduct vulnerability assessments and security plans, and gives the Department of Homeland Security the authority to reject those plans if they are deemed inadequate to protect chemical plants against terrorism. (PDF Format; Length: 24 pages)
Source: Government Printing Office
Chemical Imbalance: The Gaping Hole in Our Nation?s Security
Abstract: Written by Leslie Valentine, this Environmental Defense article discusses the risks associated with industrial sites that store or process large amounts of hazardous chemicals.
Source: Environmental Defense
Clean Air Act 112 (r)
Abstract: This US EPA website provides information on the section of the Clean Air Act related to hazards associated with accidental releases of chemicals, plans for facility safety and response plans. This website includes related fact sheets, links to the text of the statute and regulation, information on related policies and frequently asked questions and answers.
Source: US EPA
Emergency Preparedness for Business
Abstract: This site provides information to assist in business emergency planning.
Source: CDC National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Environmental Security: A Homeland Issue, Part 1
Abstract: Written by Mike Flory, this article is the first part of a two-part article addressing critical environmental issues as they relate to homeland security. Specifically, this article deals with the U.S. EPA strategies pertaining to protection of critical infrastructure and communication of information. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.eponline.com/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Environmental Protection, Vol. 14, No. 3; Pages 34-36, 60
Enviroterrorism: A Long-range View
Abstract: Written by Joseph F. Guida, JD, this article provides an overview of issues confronting the U.S. in the areas of environmental protection and environmental regulation in the effort to prevent or mitigate future terrorist events. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.eponline.com/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Environmental Protection, Vol. 14, No. 8
Abstract: This EPA website provides an overview of the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA), information on compliance and reporting, chemical information, guidance documents and resources for further information. The EPCRA establishes requirements for governments, tribes, and industry that deal with hazardous and toxic chemicals for emergency planning, release potential assessment, and communication and reporting.
Source: US EPA
Evacuation Planning Matrix
Abstract: This online tool provides ideas and online resources to help employers reduce their vulnerability to terrorist attacks. To use the evacuation guidance, an employer must first assess the vulnerability of the workplace to a terrorist release of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear or other hazardous material. The matrix is not intended for use in a comprehensive compliance evaluation of an emergency plan. Rather, the document covers general aspects of emergency planning and includes broad questions to help review plans in light of an indoor or outdoor terrorist release. Planning for workplaces in each of three risk zones are discussed.
Source: Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA)
Guidance for Protecting Building Environments from Airborne Chemical, Biological or Radiological Attacks
Abstract: Identifies actions that a building owner or manager can implement without undue delay to enhance occupant protection from a chemical, biological, or radiological attack. This document includes information on what a building manager can do, things not to do, specific recommendations, physical site security, ventilation and filtration, as well as maintenance, administration and training. Document is in HTML format, but may also be downloaded at this URL in PDF format (length: 40 pages).
Source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
OSHA Hazard Communication Standards (29 CFR 1910.1200)
Abstract: These standards require employers to develop a written Hazard Communication Program for their employees and contractors involved in hazardous waste operations. The program must identify, evaluate and control safety and health hazards, and provide for emergency response for hazardous waste operations.
Source: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
Pollution Prevention Northwest, Winter 2002: P2 and National Security [PDF]
Abstract: This edition of the PPRC newsletter focuses on ways in which pollution prevention may enhance national security. Provides a good overview of the topic, as well as resources for further information. Also available in HTML format at http://www.pprc.org/pprc/pubs/newslets/news0302.html. (PDF Format; Length: 10 pages)
Source: Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center (PPRC)
Preventing Toxic Terrorism: How Some Chemical Facilities Are Removing Danger to American Communities
Abstract: The Department of Homeland Security and numerous security experts have warned that terrorists could turn hazardous chemical facilities into improvised weapons of mass destruction. Some of these facilities have replaced acutely hazardous chemicals with safer, readily available alternatives?making themselves less appealing terrorist targets, while also removing the ever-present danger of a serious accident. At these facilities, no failure in safety or security can send a catastrophic gas cloud into a nearby community. The Center for American Progress, with assistance from the National Association of State PIRGs and National Environmental Trust, conducted a survey to identify such facilities and spotlight successful practices that have removed unnecessary chemical dangers from our communities. This survey (which covered facilities that no longer report using extremely hazardous substances under the federal Risk Management Planning program) found that facilities across the country, representing a range of industries, have switched to safer alternatives from a variety of hazardous chemicals, producing dramatic security and safety benefits at a reasonable cost. This report summarizes the results of that survey. The full report, as well as a map of the facilities covered by the report (both in PDF format) are available for download from the URL listed here.
Source: Center for American Progress
Sandia Develops Tool For Assessing Vulnerability of Buildings to Chemical and Biological Attacks
Abstract: A research team from the Department of Energy?s Sandia National Laboratories has developed modeling and simulation tools for assessing the threat and vulnerability of buildings to chemical and biological attacks.
Source: Sandia National Laboratories
Site Security Guidelines for the U.S. Chemical Industry [PDF]
Abstract: These guidelines outline typical elements of a good security program and suggest security practices that managers can consider and tailor to their facilities' particular circumstances. This includes information on employee and contractor security issues, risk assessment, prevention strategies, training, emergency response and crisis management, and physical and cyber security issues. The guidelines are available at this web site in PDF or MS Word format. (Length: 60 pages)
Source: American Chemistry Council, SOCMA, and Chlorine Institute
U.S. EPA: Risk Management Program
Abstract: The Risk Management Program Rule requires that companies that use certain flammable and toxic substances to develop a Risk Management Program (RMP). RMPs include hazard assessments, prevention programs and emergency response programs. The Risk Management Program is about reducing chemical risk at the local level. This information helps local fire, police, and emergency response personnel (who must prepare for and respond to chemical accidents), and is useful to citizens in understanding the chemical hazards in communities.
Source: US EPA CEPPO
Workplace Violence Awareness and Prevention
Abstract: The purpose of this document is to assist employers and employees to reduce the risk from workplace violence. It is intended to serve as a resource document from which employers and employees can get information and guidance, and can identify additional contacts and reference sources to implement a Workplace Violence Awareness and Prevention Program. Includes facts and figures about workplace violence, elements of a workplace violence prevention program, and a sample program.
Source: OSHA and the Long Island Coalition for Workplace Violence
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The P2 and Environmental Security Topic Hub™ was developed by:
Hub Last Updated: 10/2/2012