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Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.
A Water Security Handbook: Planning for and Responding to Drinking Water Contamination Threats and Incidents [PDF]
Abstract: This handbook describes how to recognize international water contamination threats and incidents, what actions a utility should take in the event of a threat or incident, possible roles of the water utility with the larger Incident Command framework, and how the National Incident Management System is organized. It also describes the utility's actions and decisions during site characterization, laboratory analysis, public health repsonse, remediation and recovery. (PDF Format; Length: 72 pages)
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Advice for Safeguarding Buildings Against Chemical or Biological Attack
Abstract: This site is intended for emergency personnel and for building operators. The advice on this site is appropriate for small and medium-sized releases such as those that would be expected from a terrorist attack, not for industrial-scale releases such as those at Bhopal, India or Chernobyl, Ukraine. Includes pre-event advice, during release advice, and training aids.
Source: Lawrence Berkley National Laboratory (LBNL)
Agricultural Biological Warfare: An Overview
Abstract: In this article, Jonathan Ban of the Chemical and Biological Arms Control Institute discusses his view that U.S. agricultural resources need to be considered more closely as a possible avenue of biological warfare. (PDF format; Length: 8 pages)
Source: The Chemical and Biological Arms Control Institute (CBACI)
ANSER Institute for Homeland Security Weekly Homeland Security Newsletter
Abstract: This online newsletter, published by ANSER, focuses on news related to homeland security at local, state, national and international levels. Also includes private sector news, commentary, and a list of relevant upcoming events.
Be Vigilant, Be Safe: Preventing and Responding to Environmental Emergencies
Abstract: This Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) web site outlines the agency?s emergency response programs, outlines the DEP?s role in domestic preparedness, and provides 24-hr. emergency response numbers, listed by county. Information for water supplies, dams, other facilities with environmental permits, and laboratories certified to do water testing is included.
Source: PA Department of Environmental Protection (DEP)
Biological and Chemical Terrorism: Strategic Plan for Preparedness and Response
Abstract: This plan, prepared by Ali S. Khan and Michael J. Sage in collaboration with the CDC Strategic Planning Workgroup, contains recommendations to reduce U.S. vulnerability to biological and chemical terrorism. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, April 21, 2000/49(RR04); 1-14. (Length: 13 pages)
Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Biosecurity and the Food Supply
Abstract: This fact sheet provides background information on biosecurity and the food supply, including an overview of U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) biosecurity activities.
Source: USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service
Center for the Study of Bioterrorism
Abstract: This site provides a compilation of information, case studies, references, information on research and resources related to bioterrorism.
Source: Saint Louis University School of Public Health
Chemical Security Act of 2003 (S.157) [PDF]
Abstract: Senator John Corzine (D-NJ) proposed this bill to the 108th Congress. This bill proposes some measures to reduce potential impacts through prevention efforts. It directs the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency to promulgate regulations to: (1) designate certain combinations of chemical sources and substances of concern as high priority categories based on the severity of the threat posed by an unauthorized release from chemical sources; and (2) require each owner and operator of a high priority category chemical source to conduct an assessment of the vulnerability of the source to a terrorist attack or other unauthorized release, identify hazards that may result from such release, and prepare a prevention, preparedness, and response plan. (PDF Format; Length: 23 pages)
Source: Government Printing Office
Countering Bioterrorism and Other Threats to the Food Supply
Abstract: This web site provides a collection of links to U.S. federal, state, local and international government food safety information.
Domestic Preparedness Checklist [PDF]
Abstract: A guide for Governors' staffs and other response authorities to evaluate and enhance state preparedness capabilities. Includes information on bioterrorism preparedness, agroterrorism and cyberterrorism. (PDF Format; Length: 3 pages)
Source: National Governors Association
Environmental Security: A Homeland Issue, Part 1
Abstract: Written by Mike Flory, this article is the first part of a two-part article addressing critical environmental issues as they relate to homeland security. Specifically, this article deals with the U.S. EPA strategies pertaining to protection of critical infrastructure and communication of information. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.eponline.com/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Environmental Protection, Vol. 14, No. 3; Pages 34-36, 60
Environmental Security: A Homeland Issue, Part 2
Abstract: Written by Mike Flory, this article is the second part of a two-part article addressing critical environmental issues as they relate to homeland security. Specifically, this article deals with the U.S. EPA strategies pertaining to preparedness, response and recovery and protection of EPA personnel and infrastructure. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.eponline.com/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Environmental Protection, Vol. 14, No. 4, pages 40-42
Environmental Self-Assessment for Health Care Facilities: A Quick and Easy Checklist of Pollution Prevention Measures for Healthcare Facilities
Abstract: This checklist is a guide primarily intended for use by laboratory managers, administrators, environmental compliance personnel, purchasing officers, safety professionals, housekeeping managers, waste management supervisors, and industrial hygienists involved with the day-to-day activities in a health care facility. Includes checklists on procurement, medical waste incinerators, hazardous & solid waste, ethylene oxide (EtO), PVC plastics, solvents, mercury, chemotherapy & antineoplastic chemicals, batteries, lamps, photographic chemicals, formaldehyde/formalin, radioactive waste, medical waste stream, recycling & reuse, housekeeping and facility maintenance. Also includes a resource guide and contact information for further assistance. (PDF format; Length: 51 pages).
Source: New York State Dept. of Environmental Conservation
Enviroterrorism: A Long-range View
Abstract: Written by Joseph F. Guida, JD, this article provides an overview of issues confronting the U.S. in the areas of environmental protection and environmental regulation in the effort to prevent or mitigate future terrorist events. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.eponline.com/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Environmental Protection, Vol. 14, No. 8
Evacuation Planning Matrix
Abstract: This online tool provides ideas and online resources to help employers reduce their vulnerability to terrorist attacks. To use the evacuation guidance, an employer must first assess the vulnerability of the workplace to a terrorist release of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear or other hazardous material. The matrix is not intended for use in a comprehensive compliance evaluation of an emergency plan. Rather, the document covers general aspects of emergency planning and includes broad questions to help review plans in light of an indoor or outdoor terrorist release. Planning for workplaces in each of three risk zones are discussed.
Source: Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA)
Food Producers, Processors, Transporters, and Retailers: Food Security Preventive Measures Guidance [PDF]
Abstract: This guidance is designed as an aid to operators of food establishments (i.e. firms that produce, process, store, repack, relabel, distribute, or transport food or food ingredients or that prepare or distribute food at retail). It identifies preventive measures that they can take to minimize the risk that food under their control will be subject to tampering or criminal or terrorist actions. It is relevant to all sectors of the food system (i.e., from farm-to-table), including farms, aquaculture facilities, fishing vessels, producers, transportation operations, processing facilities, packing facilities, warehouses, and retail and food-service establishments. This guidance is designed to focus operators sequentially on each segment of the farm-to-table system that is within their control, to minimize the risk of tampering or criminal or terrorist action at each segment. (Length: 9 pages)
Source: U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Food Security and Emergency Preparedness
Abstract: This FSIS web site provides information on food safety for consumers, industry and employees. Also provides information on what USDA/FSIS is doing to ensure food safety, as well as information on specific biosecurity concerns.
Source: USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS)
Frequently Asked Consumer Questions About Food Safety and Terrorism
Abstract: This fact sheet provides frequently asked questions and answers regarding terrorist contamination of the food supply.
Source: US FDA Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition
FSIS Safety and Security Guidelines for the Transportation and Distribution of Meat, Poultry, and Egg Products [PDF]
Abstract: These guidelines address all transportation and distribution points where potential contaminants (physical, chemical, radiological, or microbiological) could be introduced. Prevention of contamination and security measures against deliberate contamination attempts by terrorists are covered. (PDF Format; Length: 40 pages)
Source: USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS)
FSIS Security Guidelines for Food Processors [PDF]
Abstract: The guidelines were developed to assist Federal and State inspected plants that produce meat, poultry and egg products in identifying ways to strengthen their biosecurity protection. Includes sections on food security plan management, outside security, inside security, shipping and receiving security, water and ice supply security, mail handling security, and personnel security. (PDF Format; Length: 8 pages)
Source: USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service
Guidance for Protecting Building Environments from Airborne Chemical, Biological or Radiological Attacks
Abstract: Identifies actions that a building owner or manager can implement without undue delay to enhance occupant protection from a chemical, biological, or radiological attack. This document includes information on what a building manager can do, things not to do, specific recommendations, physical site security, ventilation and filtration, as well as maintenance, administration and training. Document is in HTML format, but may also be downloaded at this URL in PDF format (length: 40 pages).
Source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Guidance on Precautions for Solid Waste Workers Handling Wastes Potentially Contaminated with Anthrax
Abstract: Advice for handling waste potentially contaminated with anthrax. Includes resources for further information.
Source: Solid Waste Association of North America (SWANA)
Homeland Security for Drinking Water Supplies
Abstract: Written by Marcia Greenblatt, Ph.D., Jack Donohue, and Ken Wagner, Ph.D., this article discusses how recent security legislation affects public water suppliers, watershed protection efforts and the bottled water industry.
Source: ENSR International
Hospital Preparedness: Most Urban Hospitals Have Emergency Plans But Lack Certain Capacities for Bioterrorism Response [PDF]
Abstract: The GAO surveyed urban hospitals on their emergency preparedness for a possible bioterrorist attack. In general, hospitals were found to have written bioterrorist response plans and had familiarized some of their staffs with diagnosing exposure to possible bioterrorist agents, but most hospitals have not performed training exercises simulating an actual response to an attack and lack the proper medical equipment to deal with a flood of exposed patients. (PDF Format; Length: 45 pages)
Source: General Accounting Office (GAO)
Hospitals for a Healthy Environment (H2E)
Abstract: Cooperative effort between the American Hospital Association and EPA with goal of virtual mercury elimination by 2005. Site includes information on mercury, waste reduction, chemicals/P2, green buildings, green purchasing, and other tools.
Source: American Hospital Association
Importers and Filers: Food Security Preventive Measures Guidance
Abstract: This guidance is designed as an aid to operators of food importing establishments, storage warehouses, and filers. It identifies the kinds of preventive measures that they can take to minimize the risk that food under their control will be subject to tampering or criminal or terrorist actions.
Source: U.S. Food and Drug Administration
LEPCs and Deliberate Releases: Addressing Terrorist Activities in the Local Emergency Plan [PDF]
Abstract: This factsheet discusses how Local Emergency Planning Committees (LEPCs) can incorporate counter-terrorism measures into their plans. Suggestions are provided for modifying current activities to include deliberate releases of chemical and biological agents. (Length: 6 pages)
Source: US EPA Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response
NSWMA: Legislative and Regulatory Issues
Abstract: This portion of the NSWMA web site includes information on transportation security.
Source: National Solid Wastes Management Association (NSWMA)
On the Alert
Abstract: Written by Robert Ferguson, this article discusses the use of biosensors as early warning systems to detect chemical contaminants in drinking water. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.eponline.com/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Environmental Protection, Vol. 14, No. 5, pages 43-46
OSHA Hazard Communication Standards (29 CFR 1910.1200)
Abstract: These standards require employers to develop a written Hazard Communication Program for their employees and contractors involved in hazardous waste operations. The program must identify, evaluate and control safety and health hazards, and provide for emergency response for hazardous waste operations.
Source: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
Protecting the Food Supply: FDA Actions on New Bioterrorism Legislation
Abstract: Food and Drug Administration (FDA) web site providing information on food safety regulations, proposed regulations, other information related to food safety and bioterrorism.
Source: U.S. FDA Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)
Requirements of the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002
Abstract: Requires most community water systems to conduct a vulnerability assessment and prepare or revise an emergency response plan, which incorporates the results of the vulnerability assessment. The system must then certify completion of the assessment and plan to the U.S. EPA administrator. (PDF Format; Length: 105 pages)
Source: U.S. EPA
Sandia Develops Tool For Assessing Vulnerability of Buildings to Chemical and Biological Attacks
Abstract: A research team from the Department of Energy?s Sandia National Laboratories has developed modeling and simulation tools for assessing the threat and vulnerability of buildings to chemical and biological attacks.
Source: Sandia National Laboratories
Security Check: Hospitals Haven't Filled Rx for High-Tech Measures
Abstract: Written by Sarah A Klein, this article discusses security vulnerabilities particular to hospitals, providing some local examples from Chicago hospitals. Some suggestions for security improvement are made. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.chicagobusiness.com/mag/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Crain's Chicago Business, Vol. 26 No. 19 (pages 13-14)
Testimony of Michael F. Jacobson, Ph.D., Hearing on ?Federal Food Safety Oversight: Does the Fragmented Structure Really Make Sense??
Abstract: This testimony before the Senate Committee on Government Affairs Subcommittee on Oversight of Government Management relates to the strength of the federal food safety system.
Source: Center for Science in the Public Interest
The Association of State Drinking Water Administrators (ASDWA)?Critical Infrastructure Protection
Abstract: This portion of the ASDWA web site provides a comprehensive collection of Internet resources dealing with security and protection for drinking water infrastructure. To view this section of their site, go the URL provided here and select ?Security? from the left-hand navigation bar on that page (the site is in frames format).
The Complementary Role of Environmental and Security Biological Control Regimes in the 21st Century
Abstract: In this article, Graham S. Pearson discusses how considerations of national and international security and the protection of the environment might be combined in future biological control regimes. Full citation: Pearson, G.S. 1997. The Complementary Role of Environmental and Security Biological Control Regimes in the 21st Century. JAMA 278(5): 367-372. Contact your local library or see the JAMA web site at http://jama.ama-assn.org/ for information on obtaining a copy of this article.
Source: Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)
The Homeland Security Act of 2002 (H.R. 5005) [PDF]
Abstract: This Act established the Department of Homeland Security, which serves to coordinate the executive branch?s efforts to detect, prepare for, prevent, protect against, respond to and recover from terrorist attacks within the United States. (PDF Format; Length: 187 pages)
Source: U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Transportation Security Administration
Abstract: As part of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, the Transportation Security Administration protects the Nation's transportation systems to ensure freedom of movement for people and commerce. The Administration?s web site provides current information on security measures and news for the transportation sector, as well as tips for travelers and consumers.
Source: U.S. Transportation Security Administration
Transportation Security Regulations
Abstract: The TSA issues and administers Transportation Security Regulations (TSRs), which are codified in Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Chapter XII, parts 1500 through 1699. These regulations cover air, land and maritime travel and transport.
Source: U.S. Transportation Security Administration
U.S. EPA Security Strategy
Abstract: In September 2002, EPA published a Strategic Plan for Homeland Security outlining the Agency's activities and initiatives through fiscal year 2005 in support of homeland security. The 2004 Homeland Security Strategy (PDF) (68 pp, 1.6 Mb) updates this earlier effort and furthers EPA's strategic planning process. Specifically, the update takes into consideration the Agency's available resources through fiscal year 2005, recent Presidential Directives and expectations, and the evolving role of the Department of Homeland Security.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Water Information Sharing and Analysis Center (WaterISAC)
Abstract: The Water Information Sharing and Analysis Center (WaterISAC), is a highly secure Internet portal that provides security information specific to the drinking water and wastewater community. WaterISAC gives utility managers fast, cost-effective access to sensitive information about physical, contamination and cyber threats.
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Hub Last Updated: 10/2/2012