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Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.
Advice for Safeguarding Buildings Against Chemical or Biological Attack
Abstract: This site is intended for emergency personnel and for building operators. The advice on this site is appropriate for small and medium-sized releases such as those that would be expected from a terrorist attack, not for industrial-scale releases such as those at Bhopal, India or Chernobyl, Ukraine. Includes pre-event advice, during release advice, and training aids.
Source: Lawrence Berkley National Laboratory (LBNL)
American Chemistry Council: Responsible Care
Abstract: An initiative of the ACC and its partners, Responsible Care is a voluntary program for improvement in environmental, health and safety performance beyond levels required by the U.S. government.
Source: American Chemistry Council (ACC)
American Red Cross Homeland Security Advisory System Recommendations for Individuals, Families, Neighborhoods, Schools and Businesses
Abstract: Provides recommended actions based upon the different levels of risk of attack included in the Homeland Security Advisory System. Also provides additional fact sheets and guidance related to terrorism and unexpected events. Recommendations for the different target audiences are available in PDF format. Copyright 2003, The American National Red Cross. All Rights Reserved.
Source: American Red Cross
Chemical Accident Prevention: Site Security [PDF]
Abstract: Because of today?s increased concerns about terrorism, companies are paying increased attention to the physical security of facility sites, chemical storage areas, and chemical processes. This Chemical Safety Alert highlights security areas that companies may want to review to ensure that appropriate measures are being implemented and provides resources for further information. (Length: 8 pages)
Source: US EPA Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response
Chemical Security Act of 2003 (S.157) [PDF]
Abstract: Senator John Corzine (D-NJ) proposed this bill to the 108th Congress. This bill proposes some measures to reduce potential impacts through prevention efforts. It directs the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency to promulgate regulations to: (1) designate certain combinations of chemical sources and substances of concern as high priority categories based on the severity of the threat posed by an unauthorized release from chemical sources; and (2) require each owner and operator of a high priority category chemical source to conduct an assessment of the vulnerability of the source to a terrorist attack or other unauthorized release, identify hazards that may result from such release, and prepare a prevention, preparedness, and response plan. (PDF Format; Length: 23 pages)
Source: Government Printing Office
Clean Air Act 112 (r)
Abstract: This US EPA website provides information on the section of the Clean Air Act related to hazards associated with accidental releases of chemicals, plans for facility safety and response plans. This website includes related fact sheets, links to the text of the statute and regulation, information on related policies and frequently asked questions and answers.
Source: US EPA
Defense Environmental Network & Information Exchange (DENIX)
Abstract: DENIX serves as a central platform for the dissemination of environment, safety and occupational health (ESOH) news, policy, and guidance within Department of Defense (DoD) activities worldwide, in support of the national defense mission.
Source: U.S. Department of Defense (DoD)
Design for the Environment (DfE) Adhesives Technology Partnership
Abstract: The DfE Adhesives Technologies Partnership works with industry members; federal, state and local governments; and public interest groups to develop alternative solvents and processes for adhesive technologies. Project partners are working to mitigate the health and environmental impacts posed by adhesives used in numerous manufacturing industries.
Source: U.S. EPA Design for the Environment Program
Design for the Environment (DfE) Formulator Intiative
Abstract: By forming partnerships with the DfE Program, formulators can learn more about the effect that chemical ingredients and byproducts may have on the quality of aquatic life and the environment, the biodegradability of waste streams, and worker health and safety.
Source: U.S. EPA Design for the Environment Program
DoD: Environmental Security
Abstract: This site describes the DoD environmental security program. In this context ?environmental security? is basically synonymous with ?pollution prevention.?
Source: Department of Defense (DoD)
Emergency Preparedness for Business
Abstract: This site provides information to assist in business emergency planning.
Source: CDC National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Environmental Management Guide for Small Laboratories [PDF]
Abstract: This guide provides a summary of lab activities and the federal regulations that typically affect these activities, a lab self-assessment tool and a directory of applicable resources. (PDF Format; Length: 146 pages)
Source: U.S. EPA
Environmental Security: A Homeland Issue, Part 2
Abstract: Written by Mike Flory, this article is the second part of a two-part article addressing critical environmental issues as they relate to homeland security. Specifically, this article deals with the U.S. EPA strategies pertaining to preparedness, response and recovery and protection of EPA personnel and infrastructure. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.eponline.com/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Environmental Protection, Vol. 14, No. 4, pages 40-42
Environmental Self-Assessment for Health Care Facilities: A Quick and Easy Checklist of Pollution Prevention Measures for Healthcare Facilities
Abstract: This checklist is a guide primarily intended for use by laboratory managers, administrators, environmental compliance personnel, purchasing officers, safety professionals, housekeeping managers, waste management supervisors, and industrial hygienists involved with the day-to-day activities in a health care facility. Includes checklists on procurement, medical waste incinerators, hazardous & solid waste, ethylene oxide (EtO), PVC plastics, solvents, mercury, chemotherapy & antineoplastic chemicals, batteries, lamps, photographic chemicals, formaldehyde/formalin, radioactive waste, medical waste stream, recycling & reuse, housekeeping and facility maintenance. Also includes a resource guide and contact information for further assistance. (PDF format; Length: 51 pages).
Source: New York State Dept. of Environmental Conservation
Enviroterrorism: A Long-range View
Abstract: Written by Joseph F. Guida, JD, this article provides an overview of issues confronting the U.S. in the areas of environmental protection and environmental regulation in the effort to prevent or mitigate future terrorist events. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.eponline.com/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Environmental Protection, Vol. 14, No. 8
Evacuation Planning Matrix
Abstract: This online tool provides ideas and online resources to help employers reduce their vulnerability to terrorist attacks. To use the evacuation guidance, an employer must first assess the vulnerability of the workplace to a terrorist release of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear or other hazardous material. The matrix is not intended for use in a comprehensive compliance evaluation of an emergency plan. Rather, the document covers general aspects of emergency planning and includes broad questions to help review plans in light of an indoor or outdoor terrorist release. Planning for workplaces in each of three risk zones are discussed.
Source: Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA)
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA): Hazardous Materials Safety
Abstract: Part of the mission of FMCSA is to reduce the security risks of hazardous materials that could potentially be used to harm the public and environment. Developing programs to accomplish this secondary goal is the responsibility of the FMCSA Hazardous Materials (HM) Program. The program?s web site provides information on hazardous materials security, cargo tank motor vehicle safety, spill reporting and prevention, permits and shipping, risk assessment and analyses, training and education, and resources for further information.
Source: U.S. Department of Transportation FMCSA
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA): Security Talking Points
Abstract: Security recommendations for hazardous materials carriers intended to help carriers guard against terrorist threats.
Source: U.S. Department of Transportation FMCSA
GLRPPR Green Chemistry Sector Resource
Abstract: This Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable (GLRPPR) Sector Resource provides a compilation of annotated regional and national resources related to green chemistry. Also provides a list of regional contacts for further information.
Source: Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable (GLRPPR)
Guidance for Protecting Building Environments from Airborne Chemical, Biological or Radiological Attacks
Abstract: Identifies actions that a building owner or manager can implement without undue delay to enhance occupant protection from a chemical, biological, or radiological attack. This document includes information on what a building manager can do, things not to do, specific recommendations, physical site security, ventilation and filtration, as well as maintenance, administration and training. Document is in HTML format, but may also be downloaded at this URL in PDF format (length: 40 pages).
Source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Hospital Preparedness: Most Urban Hospitals Have Emergency Plans But Lack Certain Capacities for Bioterrorism Response [PDF]
Abstract: The GAO surveyed urban hospitals on their emergency preparedness for a possible bioterrorist attack. In general, hospitals were found to have written bioterrorist response plans and had familiarized some of their staffs with diagnosing exposure to possible bioterrorist agents, but most hospitals have not performed training exercises simulating an actual response to an attack and lack the proper medical equipment to deal with a flood of exposed patients. (PDF Format; Length: 45 pages)
Source: General Accounting Office (GAO)
Hospitals for a Healthy Environment (H2E)
Abstract: Cooperative effort between the American Hospital Association and EPA with goal of virtual mercury elimination by 2005. Site includes information on mercury, waste reduction, chemicals/P2, green buildings, green purchasing, and other tools.
Source: American Hospital Association
Inherently Safer Processes and Plants
Abstract: This web site provides links to articles and presentations by Dennis C. Hendershot of Rohm & Haas Company on inherently safer processes and plants.
Source: D.C. Hendershot
NSWMA: Legislative and Regulatory Issues
Abstract: This portion of the NSWMA web site includes information on transportation security.
Source: National Solid Wastes Management Association (NSWMA)
OSHA Hazard Communication Standards (29 CFR 1910.1200)
Abstract: These standards require employers to develop a written Hazard Communication Program for their employees and contractors involved in hazardous waste operations. The program must identify, evaluate and control safety and health hazards, and provide for emergency response for hazardous waste operations.
Source: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
Preventing Toxic Terrorism: How Some Chemical Facilities Are Removing Danger to American Communities
Abstract: The Department of Homeland Security and numerous security experts have warned that terrorists could turn hazardous chemical facilities into improvised weapons of mass destruction. Some of these facilities have replaced acutely hazardous chemicals with safer, readily available alternatives?making themselves less appealing terrorist targets, while also removing the ever-present danger of a serious accident. At these facilities, no failure in safety or security can send a catastrophic gas cloud into a nearby community. The Center for American Progress, with assistance from the National Association of State PIRGs and National Environmental Trust, conducted a survey to identify such facilities and spotlight successful practices that have removed unnecessary chemical dangers from our communities. This survey (which covered facilities that no longer report using extremely hazardous substances under the federal Risk Management Planning program) found that facilities across the country, representing a range of industries, have switched to safer alternatives from a variety of hazardous chemicals, producing dramatic security and safety benefits at a reasonable cost. This report summarizes the results of that survey. The full report, as well as a map of the facilities covered by the report (both in PDF format) are available for download from the URL listed here.
Source: Center for American Progress
Sandia Develops Tool For Assessing Vulnerability of Buildings to Chemical and Biological Attacks
Abstract: A research team from the Department of Energy?s Sandia National Laboratories has developed modeling and simulation tools for assessing the threat and vulnerability of buildings to chemical and biological attacks.
Source: Sandia National Laboratories
Security Check: Hospitals Haven't Filled Rx for High-Tech Measures
Abstract: Written by Sarah A Klein, this article discusses security vulnerabilities particular to hospitals, providing some local examples from Chicago hospitals. Some suggestions for security improvement are made. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.chicagobusiness.com/mag/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Crain's Chicago Business, Vol. 26 No. 19 (pages 13-14)
Site Vulnerability Assessments for Facilities That Use, Store, or Transport Chemicals
Abstract: Written by David Heinold and Douglas Smith, ScD., this article describes a step-wise approach to facility vulnerability assessments that is used by ENSR International consultants.
Source: ENSR International
Transportation Security Administration
Abstract: As part of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, the Transportation Security Administration protects the Nation's transportation systems to ensure freedom of movement for people and commerce. The Administration?s web site provides current information on security measures and news for the transportation sector, as well as tips for travelers and consumers.
Source: U.S. Transportation Security Administration
Transportation Security Regulations
Abstract: The TSA issues and administers Transportation Security Regulations (TSRs), which are codified in Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Chapter XII, parts 1500 through 1699. These regulations cover air, land and maritime travel and transport.
Source: U.S. Transportation Security Administration
U.S. EPA: Human Health Research Program
Abstract: EPA's Human Health Research Program offers this Web site on the latest information on its research to protect public health. The program's science looks at such questions as why some people are more sensitive to pollution and how exposure to chemicals affects people's health. The site is designed for the general public as well as for the scientific community. The site provides easy access to research and results on methods, tools, and data needed to improve risk assessments to protect the public. Visitors to the site will find an overview of the research, information on how research has contributed to decision making, resource materials available in journal publications and reports, and a listing of meetings and conferences.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
U.S. EPA: Risk Management Program
Abstract: The Risk Management Program Rule requires that companies that use certain flammable and toxic substances to develop a Risk Management Program (RMP). RMPs include hazard assessments, prevention programs and emergency response programs. The Risk Management Program is about reducing chemical risk at the local level. This information helps local fire, police, and emergency response personnel (who must prepare for and respond to chemical accidents), and is useful to citizens in understanding the chemical hazards in communities.
Source: US EPA CEPPO
WMRC: Green Chemistry
Abstract: This portion of the WMRC web site explains what green chemistry is, provides a list of current projects (within Illinois and beyond), contains links to green chemistry resources, and features a calendar of green chemistry-related events.
Source: Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC)
Workplace Violence Awareness and Prevention
Abstract: The purpose of this document is to assist employers and employees to reduce the risk from workplace violence. It is intended to serve as a resource document from which employers and employees can get information and guidance, and can identify additional contacts and reference sources to implement a Workplace Violence Awareness and Prevention Program. Includes facts and figures about workplace violence, elements of a workplace violence prevention program, and a sample program.
Source: OSHA and the Long Island Coalition for Workplace Violence
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Hub Last Updated: 10/2/2012