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Table of Contents
Background and Overview
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Reasons for Change
Barriers to Change
Environmental Regulations
P2 Opportunities
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Acknowledgements
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Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.

Auto Body and Auto Maintenance Outreach
Abstract: This site contains facts sheets providing air quality requirements for auto repair shops, air quality rules, self-evaluation checklists, and an Automotive Compliance Calendar.
Source: Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA)
URL: http://www.pca.state.mn.us/programs/sbap-sectors.html#auto

Auto Mercury Switch Removal
Abstract: This portion of the U.S. EPA Region 5 web site contains links to information related to automotive mercury, including: information on how to find, remove, and replace mercury switches used in convenience lighting in various types of vehicles; guidance from the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) on regulatory issues related to auto mercury switch removal; and information on NYSDEC programs to promote proper management of mercury-containing switches in autos.
Source: U.S. EPA Region 5
URL: http://www.epa.gov/perftrac/

Automobile Recycling
Abstract: Overview of Michigan DEQ's efforts to bring pollution prevention concepts to automobile recycling. Includes links to fact sheets and reports on their projects as well as links to other sites.
Source: Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ)
URL: http://www.michigan.gov/deq/1,1607,7-135-3585_4130-12580--,0
0.html

Automotive Recyclers of Michigan (ARM)
Abstract: The Automotive Recyclers of Michigan strive to unite, assist and educate our members, to promote fair trade, and to create a positive image of our industry. ARM has a state-wide membership base. Industry members work together for the improvement of business while active Lansing participants monitor new legislation effecting the industry. Regular meetings provide a social exchange and a platform for addressing automotive recyclers business concerns.
Source: Automotive Recyclers of Michigan
URL: http://www.automotiverecyclers.com/

Car Heaven
Abstract: Car Heaven is an innovative initiative of the Clean Air Foundation, designed to take high polluting cars off the road. Car Heaven accepts donated cars, which are recycled, and the proceeds from the sale of the car parts support worthy charities. Those donating vehicles receive a free tow, and a minimum $60 charitable receipt for their donated car. Donated cars are picked up and processed by a local member of the Ontario Automotive Recyclers Association (OARA) in communities throughout Ontario.
Source: The Clean Air Foundation
URL: http://www.carheaven.ca/

Compliance Manual for Indiana's Auto Salvage Facilities [PDF]
Abstract: The purpose of this manual is to provide the auto salvage facility sector with concise, comprehensive environmental regulatory information in an easy-to-use format. This manual contains information concerning the various environmental rules with which auto salvage facilities must comply and for which IDEM has jurisdiction. (PDF Format; Length: 88 pages)
Source: Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM)
URL: http://www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-ead-tas-usedoil.pdf

Concerned Auto Recyclers (CARS) of Wisconsin
Abstract: The mission of CARS is to promote safe automotive recycling through education. The CARS web site includes a searchable inventory of parts available; a members list of auto recyclers and affiliates; a newsletter; a publication called the ?Employee Page? that addresses specific issues of interest for employees of CARS members; a section on safety and loss control; a calendar of events; and a list of industry links.
Source: CARS
URL: http://www.carsofwi.com

Environmental Compliance and Pollution Prevention Guide for Automobile Recyclers [PDF]
Abstract: This guide is designed to inform automobile recyclers about registrations, permits and regulations pertinent to the industry, and to aid automobile recyclers in developing pollution prevention measures that can minimize waste and promote environmental compliance. (PDF Format; Length: 44 pages)
Source: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC)
URL: http://www.dec.state.ny.us/website/ppu/autorecyclersmanual.p
df

Florida Automotive Recyclers? Handbook [PDF]
Abstract: This handbook includes: suggested best management practices for incoming cars, vehicle crushers and housekeeping, general waste management, vehicular fluids, filers, refrigerants, lead, mercury, scrap metal, waste tires, cleaning solutions, cleaners, other vehicular wastes, and process auto salvage wastes. Also included are information on spills, waste handling management and disposal practices, waste streams, waste reduction and pollution prevention, links and other resources for further information. Though information on regulations and contact information may apply only to Florida, the best management practices presented are applicable to any auto salvage yard. (PDF Format; Length: 53 pages)
Source: Florida DEP & Florida Center for Solid and Hazardous Waste Management
URL: http://www.floridacenter.org/brochures_bulletins/automotive_
recyclers_handbook.pdf

Green Cars?--A Guide to Cleaner Vehicle Production, Use and Disposal
Abstract: This portion of the Environmental Defense web site provides information on the various stages of a vehicle?s life cycle, and tips for pollution prevention at each stage. Stages include: raw materials extraction/processing; pre-assembly manufacturing; vehicle assembly; vehicle use; and end-of-life vehicle management. Includes information on extended producer responsibility. Copyright 2004 Environmental Defense.
Source: Environmental Defense
URL: http://www.edf.org/transportation/cars-and-environment

IDEM Auto Salvage
Abstract: IDEM is addressing environmental problems originating from the auto salvage facility sector. IDEM's goal is to increase the auto salvage facility sector's compliance with the environmental laws and regulations that apply to the sector, thereby reducing the potential for pollution. This long-term project takes a comprehensive, integrated approach to the auto salvage facility sector in Indiana. The project includes a compliance assistance manual, workshops, and inspections.
Source: Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM)
URL: http://www.in.gov/idem/4993.htm

ISRI Policy Position?Automotive Mercury Switches
Abstract: This policy statement explains the ISRI stance that to the maximum extent possible, mercury switches should be removed from end-of-life vehicles prior to being delivered to a scrap processing facility. ISRI also believes that automotive manufacturers should make every effort possible to design mercury out of automobiles. (PDF Format; Length: 1 page)
Source: Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries, Inc. (ISRI)
URL: http://www.isri.org/AM/Template.cfm?Section=Home1§ion=Po
licy_Statements1&template=/CM/ContentDisplay.cfm&Content
FileID=1345

Management of End-of-Life Vehicles (ELVs) in Ontario
Abstract: This report includes the proceedings and draft recommendations of the Recycling Council of Ontario (RCO) Roles and Responsibilities Forum, held April 28, 1999. The report is the result of input from experts who spoke at that forum as well as subsequent research, and outlines current practices in Ontario as well as other jurisdictions, and the regulatory and voluntary management framework for end-of-life vehicles in Ontario. Ordering information is available on this RCO web page.
Source: Recycling Council of Ontario (RCO)
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/20/19906.htm

National Automotive Compliance Assistance Center (CCAR GreenLink)
Abstract: CCAR-GreenLink®, the National Automotive Environmental Compliance Assistance Center, is available 24 hours a day to help persons engaged in automotive service, collision repair and other sectors of the automotive industry better understand their environmental responsibilities, and to help them achieve compliance with environmental program requirements. This information can help shop owners, managers and technicians decide on management strategies, technologies, materials, and methods that will reduce business costs and help manage hazardous wastes and related items. The web site includes virtual shop tours, a pollution prevention (P2) center, environmental checklists, state contacts, Spanish and Canadian documents, information on the Environmental Results Program and Superfund, frequently asked questions, news, links, and a section devoted to auto recycling.
Source: CCAR
URL: http://www.ccar-greenlink.org/

New York State Automobile Recyclers Initiative
Abstract: This portion of the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) web site describes the New York State Automobile Recyclers Initiative. To assist automobile recycling facilities in improving their pollution prevention measures and environmental compliance with state laws and regulations, the NYSDEC established an Automobile Recycler Work Group. The Automobile Recycler Work Group has integrated existing state and local regulatory programs, bringing a greater level of inter-agency coordination to ensure that facilities are aware of and meeting their regulatory requirements. NYSDEC has also developed and distributed a compliance and pollution prevention manual for automobile recyclers. It also sponsors free environmental training workshops to support the use of this manual and to educate facility owners and operators on the best way to manage their automotive wastes, implement pollution prevention measures and minimize environmental problems.
Source: NYSDEC
URL: http://www.dec.state.ny.us/website/ppu/armainpage.html

Northeast Waste Management Officials? Association (NEWMOA)
Abstract: The Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association (NEWMOA) is a nonprofit, nonpartisan interstate association that has a membership composed of the hazardous waste, solid waste, waste site cleanup and pollution prevention program directors for the environmental agencies in Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Check the NEWMOA web site for information on mercury in automobiles and auto salvage yard facilities.
Source: NEWMOA
URL: http://www.newmoa.org/

NY: Statewide Waste Tire Cleanup to Begin This Fall
Abstract: This article from the September 2004 edition of the Environmental DEC newsletter describes a plan to clean up 95 waste tire stockpiles in the state of New York, and to recycle scrap tires for use in state highway projects. Includes information on the Waste Tire Management and Recycling Act of 2003, and efforts to prevent future waste tire stockpiles.
Source: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
URL: http://www.recycle-steel.org/

Ohio EPA Publications: Auto Salvage Yards
Abstract: Portal to Ohio EPA information on salvage yards. Includes links to relevant Ohio EPA Small Business Assistance Office publications.
Source: Ohio EPA Small Business Assistance Office
URL: http://ohioepapubs.custhelp.com/cgi-bin/ohioepapubs.cfg/php/
enduser/std_alp.php?p_sid=2QAKCcpi&p_lva=&p_li=&p_access
ibility=0&p_page=1&p_cv=2.106&p_pv=&p_prods=0&p_cats=102
%2C106&p_hidden_prods=&prod_lvl1=0&cat_lvl1=102&cat_lvl2=106&p_search_text=&p_new_

Ohio's Voluntary Mercury Switch Removal Program for Auto Recyclers
Abstract: The Ohio mercury switch removal program for auto recyclers is sponsored in a partnership between Ohio EPA and the End of Life Vehicle Solutions (ELVS) as part of the National Vehicle Mercury Switch Recovery Program. The program encourages recycling and helping to reduce mercury releases to air, water and soil, which can endanger both the environment and public health. This program is completely voluntary. Auto recyclers who participate will receive $3.00 for every switch turned in for as long as program funding remains available.
Source: Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
URL: http://www.epa.state.oh.us/ocapp/sb/switch_removal_program.h
tml

Ontario Automotive Recyclers Association (OARA)
Abstract: Auto Recyclers purchase end-of-life and accidented vehicles, and ensure that all vehicles are retired in an environmentally sound manner. Auto Recyclers are a valuable source of low cost, high quality used auto parts. Since its inception, OARA has been a working partner with other automotive associations and government working groups on waste oil, CFCs, scrap tires and wrecked or salvaged vehicle issues.
Source: OARA
URL: http://www.oara.com/

Philadelphia Automotive Scrap Yard Compliance and Enforcement Program
Abstract: To address concerns about the environmental impact of auto salvage yards, the program was developed by the City of Philadelphia, in cooperation with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP), and with the assistance of various trade and organizations such as the Southwest Philadelphia Scrap Dealers Association, PARTS, and others. The aim of the task force is to educate and assist all those scrap yard operators eager and willing to comply with various laws and regulations. The program web site includes information on laws affecting scrap metal dealers; scrap metal, used auto parts and the environment; an environmental compliance screening checklist; frequently asked questions; and addtional information and contacts.
Source: City of Philadelphia Managing Director?s Office
URL: http://www.phila.gov/mdo/scrapmetal/

Product Stewardship Opportunities Within the Automotive Industry [PDF]
Abstract: This report presents information on the vehicle design process, materials used in vehicles and some of the trends in materials used. It also describes factors that can influence materials used, and presents challenges and opportunities to address materials of concern, recyclable materials and recycled-content in vehicles. Prepared for the Minnesota Office of Environmental Assistance (MOEA) by Five Winds International. (PDF Format; Length: 151 pages)
Source: MOEA and Five Winds International
URL: http://www.moea.state.mn.us/publications/autoPSreport.pdf

Putting the Brakes on Quicksilver: Removing Mercury From Vehicles in Ohio [PDF]
Abstract: This report addresses an additional important source of mercury, for which a small window of opportunity remains for a simple pollution prevention action: mercury containing switches in vehicles. Written by Michael W. Murray, Ph.D. with research assistance by Knoll Larkin and Liz Szaluta of the University of Michigan. (PDF Format; Length: 24 pages)
Source: National Wildlife Federation
URL: http://www.glrppr.org/docs/NWF-OH-AutoSwitchReport.pdf

ReinCARnate Vehicle Recycling Program
Abstract: Sponsored by the Recycling Council of Ontario, Canada, ReinCARnate is an initiative aimed at old car recycling. Under the program, an old auto gets dismantled and recycled by a certified recycler for parts, fluids, and materials, and the owner receives a free tow and charitable tax receipt. The program is funded through corporate sponsorship and revenue from the scrap value of each end-of-life vehicle.
Source: Recycling Council of Ontario
URL: http://communitylinks.cioc.ca/details.asp?RSN=1250&Number=13

State Mercury Car Switch Initiatives
Abstract: Automobiles have historically used mercury-containing switches. The chemical and physical properties of mercury are used in mechanisms to turn on the hood, trunk, or door lights when they are opened, and/or to operate some anti-lock brake systems (ABS systems). While most manufacturers are committed to designing new cars without mercury in the switches, the problem remains for all of the mercury switches contained in cars on the road today. Unless programs are in place to collect these mercury switches before the automobiles get crushed and recycled, mercury can be released into the air, soil and water during crushing, or from subsequent management in electric arc furnaces (EAFs). A number of state regulatory agencies have raised concerns regarding the use of mercury switches in automobiles and have taken steps to address this problem through legislative efforts, pilot projects and outreach campaigns. This portion of the U.S. EPA web site lists descriptions of state car switch programs throughout the U.S., with links to program web sites where available.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
URL: http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/hazard/tsd/mercury/carswich.htm

Toxics in Vehicles: Mercury, Implications for Recycling and Disposal [PDF]
Abstract: Produced by the Clean Car Campaign of the Ecology Center, Great Lakes United, and the University of Tennessee Center for Clean Products and Clean Technologies, this report examines the use of mercury in automobiles and estimates its releases to the environment from end-of-life vehicle (ELV) processing. It holds that emissions from vehicle recycling and disposal practices are one of the largest sources of mercury contamination to the environment. The report examines strategies for cleaner production and proposes key policy solutions to eliminate mercury hazards from new and existing vehicles. (PDF Format; Length: 76 pages)
Source: Clean Car Campaign
URL: http://www.cleancarcampaign.org/pdfs/toxicsinvehicles_mercur
y.pdf

Vehicle Dismantling Procedures [PDF]
Abstract: Fluid spills are most likely to occur while dismantling, draining or storing vehicles, parts and cores. Proper dismantling, draining and storage procedures help prevent pollution, such as fluids seeping into ground water, waste contact with stormwater run-off or air conditioning refrigerant escaping into the air. This fact sheet discusses proper motor vehicle dismantling procedures for repair and salvage industries. (Length: 2 pages)
Source: Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA)
URL: http://www.pca.state.mn.us/waste/pubs/4_63.pdf

 


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Hub Last Updated: 8/2/2012