WSPPN Maintains These Topic Hubs
Agricultural chemicals / Air conditioning / Air filters / Alternative technologies / Aluminum / Analytical methods / Antifreeze / Artificial rubber / Asbestos / Assessment / Automobile dealers / Automobile industry and trade / Automobile-related wastes / Automobiles / Automobiles - Brakes / Automobiles - Air conditioning / Automobiles - Bodies / Automobiles - Bumpers / Automobiles - Equipment and supplies / Automobiles - Lighting / Automobiles - Motors / Automobiles - Painting / Automobiles - Parts / Batteries / Battery industry and trade / Best management practices / Bioaccumulation / Bioavailability / Biological assay / Biology / Brakes / Building maintenance / Cancer / Carburetors / Carcinogens / Case studies / Catalytic converters / Chemical laboratories / Chemical recovery / Chemical tracking / Chemicals / Citizen participation / Clean Air Act / Clean Water Act / Cleaning / Cleaning compounds / Cleaning wastes / Compliance / Compressed gases / Computers / Coolants / Corrosive wastes / Crushing machinery / Degreasing / Deicing chemicals / Demolition / Depositions / Diesel fuels / Disinfection and disinfectants / Dose-response relationship (Biochemistry) / Draining / Educational institutions / Emission control / Emissions / Enforcement / Environment / Environmental aspects / Environmental chemistry / Environmental exposure / Environmental health / Environmental impact analysis / Environmental protection / Environmentally safe products / Epidemiology / Evaporation / Exposure / Federal government / Filters / Flammability / Fluids / Foam / Foamed materials / Fossil fuels / Freon / Fuel / Furnaces / Gas / Gasoline / Glass / Glycols / Government agencies / Government information / Great Lakes / Great Lakes Region / Great Lakes Watershed / Groundwater / Handbooks, manuals, etc. / Hazardous substances / Hazardous waste / Hazardous waste disposal / Hazardous waste generators / Hazardous waste management / Health / Health effects / Heavy metals / Herbicides / Hexavalent chromium / Hydraulic fluids / Illinois / Incineration / Incinerators / Indiana / Indoor air pollution / Indoor air quality / Inflammable materials / Laboratory wastes / Laws and legislation / Lead / Lead-acid batteries / Leakage / Liquids / Local government / Lubrication and lubricants / Magnesium / Magnesium alloys / Material safety data sheets / Materials handling / Medical instruments and apparatus / Medical waste / Mercury / Metal cleaning / Metal plating / Metal products / Metal recovery / Metal recycling / Metal wastes / Metals / Michigan / Minnesota / Motor fuels / Municipal government / Neurotoxic agents / New York (N.Y.) / Nonferrous metals / Nonpoint source pollution / North America / Occupational safety and health / Ohio / Oil filters / Oil pollution / Oil spills / Organic chemicals / Organic solvents / Paint / Parts cleaning / Pennsylvania / Permits / Pest control / Pesticide residues / Pesticides / Pesticides industry and trade / Petroleum / Petroleum waste / Plastic coatings / Plastic foams / Plastic scrap / Plastics / Point source pollution / Poisoning / Poisons / Pollutants / Pollution / Pollution control / Pollution prevention / Polychlorinated biphenyls / Premature infants / Process modification / Rags / Reclaimed rubber / Recovery equipment / Recycled products / Recycling (Waste, etc.) / Refrigerants / Research / Right-to-know / Risk assessment / Risk communication / Risk factors / Risk management / Rubber / Rubber industry and trade / Runoff / Safe Drinking Water Act / Safety measures / Salvage (Waste, etc.) / Science / Scientific apparatus and instruments / Scrap metals / Shredding / Site assessment / Solid waste / Solvent waste / Solvents / Source reduction (Waste management) / Spills and accidents / State governments / States / Statistics / Steel / Steel industry and trade / Storage / Storage tanks / Substitute materials / Technical assistance / Technical reports / Technology / Testing / Testing methods / Thermometers / Toxic chemicals / Toxicity / Toxicity testing / Toxicology / Trace analysis / Underground storage / United States / United States. Environmental Protection Agency / United States. Occupational Safety and Health Administration / Vapor / Vaporization / Volatile organic compounds / Waste / Waste collection / Waste disposal / Waste disposal sites / Waste exchange / Waste management / Waste products / Waste reduction / Waste separation / Waste storage / Waste treatment / Wastewater / Wastewater discharge / Water / Water pollution / Water quality / Windshield wipers / Wisconsin
Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.
Auto Mercury Switch Removal
Abstract: This portion of the U.S. EPA Region 5 web site contains links to information related to automotive mercury, including: information on how to find, remove, and replace mercury switches used in convenience lighting in various types of vehicles; guidance from the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) on regulatory issues related to auto mercury switch removal; and information on NYSDEC programs to promote proper management of mercury-containing switches in autos.
Source: U.S. EPA Region 5
Compliance Manual for Indiana's Auto Salvage Facilities [PDF]
Abstract: The purpose of this manual is to provide the auto salvage facility sector with concise, comprehensive environmental regulatory information in an easy-to-use format. This manual contains information concerning the various environmental rules with which auto salvage facilities must comply and for which IDEM has jurisdiction. (PDF Format; Length: 88 pages)
Source: Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM)
End of Life Vehicle Solutions (ELVS)
Abstract: The End of Life Vehicle Solutions Corporation (ELVS) was created by the automotive industry to promote the industry's environmental efforts in recyclability, education and outreach, and the proper management of substances of concern. Participating Members of ELVS are: BMW of North America, LLC, DaimlerChrysler Corporation, Ford Motor Company, General Motors Corporation, International Truck & Engine, Mack Trucks, Inc., Mitsubishi Motors North America, Inc., Nissan North America, Inc., Subaru of America, Inc., Volkswagen of America, Inc., and Volvo Trucks North America. End of Life Vehicle Solutions manages, on a nationwide basis, programs to collect, transport, retort, recycle, or dispose of elemental mercury from automotive switches. The ELVS web site provides information on medium and heavy-duty trucks, the National Vehicle Mercury Switch Recovery Program, educational materials (including videos showing how to remove certain switches from specified vehicles), recycling opportunities via The Environmental Quality Company (EQ), and mercury switch recovery program reporting for various states. An interactive map on the home page allows users to click on states to view regulatory information related to mercury switches for that state.
Source: Automotive Industry (Various Partners)
Florida Automotive Recyclers? Handbook [PDF]
Abstract: This handbook includes: suggested best management practices for incoming cars, vehicle crushers and housekeeping, general waste management, vehicular fluids, filers, refrigerants, lead, mercury, scrap metal, waste tires, cleaning solutions, cleaners, other vehicular wastes, and process auto salvage wastes. Also included are information on spills, waste handling management and disposal practices, waste streams, waste reduction and pollution prevention, links and other resources for further information. Though information on regulations and contact information may apply only to Florida, the best management practices presented are applicable to any auto salvage yard. (PDF Format; Length: 53 pages)
Source: Florida DEP & Florida Center for Solid and Hazardous Waste Management
ISRI Policy Position?Automotive Mercury Switches
Abstract: This policy statement explains the ISRI stance that to the maximum extent possible, mercury switches should be removed from end-of-life vehicles prior to being delivered to a scrap processing facility. ISRI also believes that automotive manufacturers should make every effort possible to design mercury out of automobiles. (PDF Format; Length: 1 page)
Source: Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries, Inc. (ISRI)
Managing Scrap Metal, Catalytic Converters & Wheel Weights [PDF]
Abstract: This fact sheet discusses management of scarp metals commonly found in automotive repair and salvage industries, including lead scrap (such as wheel weights), catalytic converters, cores, and other scrap metal. (PDF Format; Length: 2 pages)
Source: Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA)
Mercury Contamination From Metal Scrap Processing Facilities
Abstract: This Ohio EPA report, written by Radicha Sastry, James Orlemann, P.E. and Paul Koval, shows significant mercury emissions at electric arc furnaces resulting from mercury in scrap, and a relationship between scrap type and mercury emissions. (PDF Format; Length: 10 pages)
Source: Ohio EPA
Mercury Use?Automotive Sector [PDF]
Abstract: The Wisconsin Mercury SourceBook was designed as a working document to help guide communities through the process of writing comprehensive community mercury reduction plans. This section of the SourceBook contains: information on mercury-containing products unique to the automotive industry as well as products used in other sectors; case studies; action ideas; a sample proclamation that explains the mercury issue and possible mercury minimization options for the automotive industry; and current mercury projects within this industry. (PDF Format; Length: 21 pages)
Source: Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
Mercury?Automotive Topic Hub
Abstract: This primer is intended as a quick guide to the essential pollution prevention information on mercury in automobiles, as well as a compilation of pertinent on-line resources. It includes background information on the sources of mercury in automobiles, information on collection programs and alternative products, guidelines for handlings, recycling, disposal and dealing with spills, and a database of mercury reduction programs. The primer was developed by the Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association (NEWMOA) as part of the Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange (P2Rx) national Topic Hub project. For more information on this project, see www.p2rx.org.
Source: NEWMOA and P2Rx
National Vehicle Mercury Switch Recovery Program
Abstract: EPA announced a national program August 11, 2006 that will help cut mercury air emissions by up to 75 tons over the next 15 years. The National Vehicle Mercury Switch Recovery Program is designed to remove mercury-containing light switches from scrap vehicles before the vehicles are flattened, shredded, and melted to make new steel. Together with existing state mercury switch recovery efforts, this program will significantly reduce mercury air emissions from the furnaces used in steel making -- the fourth leading source in the United States after coal-fired utility boilers, industrial boilers and gold mining. Under the program, automobile dismantlers will remove the mercury-containing light switches from scrap vehicles prior to the vehicles being flattened and then shredded at scrap recycling facilities. The program will also provide a financial incentive for those who remove mercury switches. The National Vehicle Mercury Switch Recovery Program is the result of a two-year collaborative effort involving EPA, the End of Life Vehicle Solutions Corporation, the American Iron and Steel Institute, the Steel Manufacturers Association, the Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries, the Automotive Recyclers Association, Environmental Defense, the Ecology Center (Ann Arbor), and representatives of the Environmental Council of the States. This portin of the EPA web includes a fact sheet on the program and the Memorandum of Understanding.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Philadelphia Automotive Scrap Yard Compliance and Enforcement Program
Abstract: To address concerns about the environmental impact of auto salvage yards, the program was developed by the City of Philadelphia, in cooperation with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP), and with the assistance of various trade and organizations such as the Southwest Philadelphia Scrap Dealers Association, PARTS, and others. The aim of the task force is to educate and assist all those scrap yard operators eager and willing to comply with various laws and regulations. The program web site includes information on laws affecting scrap metal dealers; scrap metal, used auto parts and the environment; an environmental compliance screening checklist; frequently asked questions; and addtional information and contacts.
Source: City of Philadelphia Managing Director?s Office
Philadelphia: Laws Affecting Scrap Metal Dealers
Abstract: This portion of the City of Philadelphia Automotive Scrap Yard Compliance and Enforcement Program web site lists local, state, and federal laws that apply to scrap metal dealers.
Source: Automotive Scrap Yard Compliance and Enforcement Program
Putting the Brakes on Quicksilver: Removing Mercury From Vehicles in Ohio [PDF]
Abstract: This report addresses an additional important source of mercury, for which a small window of opportunity remains for a simple pollution prevention action: mercury containing switches in vehicles. Written by Michael W. Murray, Ph.D. with research assistance by Knoll Larkin and Liz Szaluta of the University of Michigan. (PDF Format; Length: 24 pages)
Source: National Wildlife Federation
State Mercury Car Switch Initiatives
Abstract: Automobiles have historically used mercury-containing switches. The chemical and physical properties of mercury are used in mechanisms to turn on the hood, trunk, or door lights when they are opened, and/or to operate some anti-lock brake systems (ABS systems). While most manufacturers are committed to designing new cars without mercury in the switches, the problem remains for all of the mercury switches contained in cars on the road today. Unless programs are in place to collect these mercury switches before the automobiles get crushed and recycled, mercury can be released into the air, soil and water during crushing, or from subsequent management in electric arc furnaces (EAFs). A number of state regulatory agencies have raised concerns regarding the use of mercury switches in automobiles and have taken steps to address this problem through legislative efforts, pilot projects and outreach campaigns. This portion of the U.S. EPA web site lists descriptions of state car switch programs throughout the U.S., with links to program web sites where available.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Steel Recycling Institute
Abstract: The Steel Recycling Institute web site includes an entire section on steel recycled from automobiles. Note: this web site is in frames format. To access the automobile related information, select ?Publications? from the navigation bar on the left. Then select ?Cars? from the menu across the top of the screen. The resulting page provides an overview of the steel and iron used in automobiles, with links to more specific information on the recycled content of automobiles and the basics of automobile recycling. This page also provides information and links to more specific information on recycling used oil filters and steel tire wire recycling.
Source: Steel Recycling Institute
Toxics in Vehicles: Mercury, Implications for Recycling and Disposal [PDF]
Abstract: Produced by the Clean Car Campaign of the Ecology Center, Great Lakes United, and the University of Tennessee Center for Clean Products and Clean Technologies, this report examines the use of mercury in automobiles and estimates its releases to the environment from end-of-life vehicle (ELV) processing. It holds that emissions from vehicle recycling and disposal practices are one of the largest sources of mercury contamination to the environment. The report examines strategies for cleaner production and proposes key policy solutions to eliminate mercury hazards from new and existing vehicles. (PDF Format; Length: 76 pages)
Source: Clean Car Campaign
Transportation Services and the Environment
Abstract: This portion of the MPCA web site includes checklists and fact sheets about proper handling and disposal of materials related to auto repair facilities. Includes information on air bags, air conditioning, antifreeze and filters, lead-acid batteries, brakes and clutches, computers and circuit boards, vehicle dismantling procedures, fuels, lighting, oil and filters, mercury switches, scrap metal, catalytic converters, wheel weights, stormwater and wastewater concerns, solvents, spills, tanks, tires, vehicle storage and more. The fact sheets are available in PDF format.
Source: Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA)
The Topic Hub™ is a product of the Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange (P2Rx)
The Auto Salvage-Great Lakes Region Topic Hub™ was developed by:
Hub Last Updated: 8/2/2012