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Electronic Waste: Browse by Keyword
Table of Contents
Background and Overview
Operations
Reasons for Change
P2 Opportunities
Legislation
Corporate and Non-Profit Initiatives
Options for E-Waste
Acknowledgements
Where to go for Help
Complete List of Links

Keywords:
Batteries / Cadmium / California / Cathode ray tubes / Certification / China / Computer industry / Computers / Consumer education / Deposits / Economic analysis / Economics / Electronic apparatus and appliances / Electronic components / Electroplating / Energy consumption / Environmental management / Europe / Fluorescent lighting / Fossil fuels / Hazardous waste / Health effects / Hexavalent chromium / Integrated circuits / Labor / Land disposal / Laws and legislation / Leaching / Lead / Life cycle assessment / Maine / Manufacturing processes / Maryland / Materials handling / Mercury / Nonprofit organizations / Plastics / Pollution / Pollution prevention / Printed circuit boards / Processing / Recycled products / Recycling (Waste, etc.) / Standards / States / Statistics / Storage / Television / Tools / Toxicity testing / Waste / Waste reduction


Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.

A Guide to Environmentally Preferable Computer Purchasing
Abstract: This page contains a discussion of environmental problems and possible alternatives with electronic components. The Web site includes a summary of environmental rating systems from various governments and organizations. The Northwest Product Stewardship Council is a group of government organizations that works with businesses and nonprofit groups to integrate product stewardship principles into policy and economic structures of the Pacific Northwest.
Source: Northwest Product Stewardship Council Guide
URL: http://www.productstewardship.net/productsElectronicsEPPGuid
e.html

China Finalizes "RoHS" Legislation: Overview of Requirements and Industry Outlook
Abstract: Summary of Chinese "Management Methods for Controlling Pollution Caused by Electronic Information Products Regulation," with links to the text of the regulation and effective dates for compliance.
Source: AeA (formerly the American Electronics Association)
URL: http://www.aeanet.org/GovernmentAffairs/gabl_ChinaRoHSpage09
05.asp

Computers, E-Waste, and Product Stewardship: Is California Ready for the Challenge? [PDF]
Abstract: The report examines six policy options which could catalyze creation of a system of extended product responsibility for computers, through feedback mechanisms intended to foster better up-front design for environmental considerations. Economic models proposed could provide seed monies for infrastructure development.
Source: Global Futures Foundation/USEPA: Computers and E-Waste
URL: http://www.future500.org/documents/e-waste.pdf

Current Electronics Recycling Laws
Abstract: Current electronics recycling laws in effect are summarized from states and federal. Links to the text of the legislation is provided.
Source: National Center for Electronics Recycling (NCER)
URL: http://www.electronicsrecycling.com/NCER/ContentPage.aspx?Pa
geId=14

Directive 2002/95/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council [PDF]
Abstract: Text of the directive that restricts use of certain hazardous substances in the manufacturing of electronic equipment. This directive states that new electrical and electronic equipment put on the market after July 1, 2006, shall not contain lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls (PBB), or polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE).
Source: Official Journal of the European Union
URL: http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/en/oj/dat/2003/l_037/l_0372
0030213en00190023.pdf

Directive 2002/96/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 January 2003 on Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) [PDF]
Abstract: Text of the directive that establishes producer responsibility in Europe for waste electrical and electronic equipment.
Source: Official Journal of the European Union
URL: http://europa.eu/eur-lex/pri/en/oj/dat/2003/l_037/l_03720030
213en00240038.pdf

EIA Environment Consumer Education Initiative
Abstract: Information about recycling electronic equipment, including a database of reuse and recycling programs across the country.
Source: Electronic Industries Alliance
URL: http://www.eiae.org/

Electronics Recycling Bills in Play 2006
Abstract: A table comparing bills in states and regions, noting whether they are just proposed or have been passed. Comparisons are of "take-back bills." ARF (advanced recycling fees) where consumers pay extra fees when they purchase certain products, which is used for recycling), study bills, and disposal bans.
Source: Computer Take-Back Campaign
URL: http://www.e-takeback.org/press_open/Ewaste%20legislation%20
state%20summary2006.xls

Electronics Reuse and Recycling [PDF]
Abstract: A manual that addresses reasons for proper management of electronic wastes, including regulatory obligations, how to improve future acquisitions, opportunities for manufacturers, and actions being taken by governments.
Source: EPA Waste Wise
URL: http://www.epa.gov/wastewise/pubs/wwupda14.pdf

EPA's Plug-In To eCycling
Abstract: Web page for state and local governments participating in EPA's "Plug-In to eCycling" campaign to foster partnerships among electronics manufacturers, retailers, and governments.
Source: EPA, Office of Solid Waste, Resource Conservation Challenge
URL: http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/partnerships/plugin/index.htm

eRecycle
Abstract: Web site is a partnership among government, manufacturers, retailers, and the environmental community to provide guidance about electronic waste. It includes information about the e-waste recycling fee being collected in California with purchase of new equipment and about being an e-waste collector, recycler, or seller in California.
Source: California Integrated Waste Management Board
URL: http://www.erecycle.org/index.htm

E-waste Report: Determination of Regulated Elements in Seven Types of Discarded Consumer Electronic Products [PDF]
Abstract: Seven electronic product types (microwave ovens, VCRs, printers, CPUs, cell phones, telephones, and radios) were tested to determine total and extractable concentrations of regulated elements for comparison with hazardous waste criteria. Results indicate that all product types tested clearly exceeded at least one hazardous waste criterion. Lead was the most common element exceeding its limit.
Source: Hazardous Material Laboratory, California Department of Toxic Substances Control
URL: http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/HazardousWaste/EWaste/upload/Consumer
_Electronic_Products.pdf

Federal Electronics Challenge
Abstract: A voluntary partnership program that encourages federal facilities and agencies to purchase greener electronic products, reduce impacts of electronic products during use, and manage obsolete electronics in an environmentally safe way.
Source: The Office of the Federal Environmental Executive and the USEPA
URL: http://www.federalelectronicschallenge.net/

Green Supply Line
Abstract: A Web site devoted to covering the impact of global environmental standards on the supply chain. It covers RoHS and lead-free product announcements, and news on global environmental standards.
Source: CMP Media LLC
URL: http://www.greensupplyline.com/

Guidelines for Materials Management
Abstract: Voluntary guidance for EPAs Plug-In to e-Cycling partners, listing preferred waste management practices for used electronic products and defining qualifying Plug-In partners.
Source: U.S. EPA Office of Solid Waste, Plug-In to eCycling
URL: http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/partnerships/plugin/guide.htm

Guidelines for the Procurement, Use, and End-of-Life Management of Electronic Equipment [PDF]
Abstract: Guidance document to help California state agencies reduce costs and environmental impacts, and improve the efficiency of the procurement, use, and end-of- life (EOL) management of electronic equipment.
Source: California Integrated Waste Management Board.
URL: http://www.ciwmb.ca.gov/Electronics/Procurement/PUEOL/FinalG
uide.pdf

HR 320, Tax Incentives to Encourage Recycling Act of 2005 (TIER Act of 2005)
Abstract: This bill, introduced January 26, 2005, into the U.S. House of Representatives, would amend the Internal Revenue Code to provide tax incentives to encourage manufacturers of computer, cell phone, and television equipment to operate an environmentally sound recycling program for use by consumers who want to discard the equipment.
Source: The Library of Congress (Thomas)
URL: http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z?c109:H.R.+320:

IAER Certified Electronics Recycler
Abstract: The International Association of Electronics Recyclers certification standard is a comprehensive set of requirements that includes third-party audits of electronics recycling facilities to achieve the designation of Certified Electronics Recycler.
Source: International Association of Electronics Recyclers
URL: http://www.iaer.org/communications/certification.htm

Model Electronic Recycling Legislation [PDF]
Abstract: An act to establish a comprehensive recycling system that ensures the safe and environmentally sound management of electronic devices and components, and encourages design of electronic devises and components that are less toxic and more recyclable; and promotes development of a statewide infrastructure for collection and recycling of end-of-life electronics.
Source: The Council of State Governments/Eastern Regional Conference; The Northeast Recycling Council, Inc.
URL: http://www.nerc.org/documents/electronic_recycling_legislati
on/RegionalDraft4-06FINAL.pdf

Plug-In To eCycling
Abstract: Consumer electronics recycling campaign sponsored by EPA's Resource Conservation Challenge. Web site features manufacturers and retailers who participate in electronics recycling, pilot recycling projects, and other resources.
Source: EPA
URL: http://www.epa.gov/plugin/

Public-Private Initiatives, Product Stewardship
Abstract: The Web page contains a link to various public and private partnerships and initiatives that strive to achieve a shared-responsibility model for managing electronics.
Source: U.S. EPA, Resource Conservation Challenge, Product Stewardship
URL: http://www.epa.gov/epr/products/ele-multi.htm

Recycling Used Electronics, Report on Minnesota's Demonstration Project [PDF]
Abstract: This report summarizes a public/private effort in 1999 and 2000 to identify costs and barriers to recycling used electronic products. It includes characterization of the consumer waste electronics stream; 700 tons of waste electronics were collected in three months at 64 collection sites. Details about conducting the collection events are included.
Source: Minnesota Office of Environmental Assistance
URL: http://www.moea.state.mn.us/plugin/ElectronicsReport.pdf

Resource Conservation Challenge: Green Initiatives--Electronics
Abstract: This fact sheet provides an overall understanding of e-waste and associated issues, initiatives, and facts, plus many links to EPA and external programs dealing with e-waste.
Source: EPA
URL: http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/rcc/resources/electron.htm

Sony and the Global Environment
Abstract: Report contains the history of environmental activities at Sony.
Source: Sony
URL: http://www.sony.net/SonyInfo/Environment/activities/index.ht
ml

Sony's Recycling Philosophy
Abstract: Sony supports the principle of Individual Producer Responsibility (IPR) as it provides incentives to producers for taking responsibility of the entire lifecycle of his/her own products, including end of life.
Source: Sony
URL: http://www.sony.net/SonyInfo/Environment/activities/recycle/
general/index.html

Standard for Environmental Assessment of Personal Computer Products
Abstract: The standard can be purchased from IEEE on this site. This standard is the basis for the criteria used for conformance with EPEAT.
Source: IEEE  Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., a non-profit professional organization for the advancement of technology.
URL: http://shop.ieee.org/ieeestore/ (search for 1680)

Strengthening the Role of the Federal Government in Encouraging Recycling and Reuse [PDF]
Abstract: A 62-page study by GAO that summarizes information on the volumes of and problems associated with used electronics; examines factors affecting recycling and reuse, and examines federal efforts to encourage their recycling and reuse.
Source: U.S. Government Accountability Office
URL: http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d0647.pdf

What Is E-Waste?
Abstract: The California Integrated Waste Management Board's (CIWMB) e-waste Web page provides a good introduction to the issues involved with e-waste.
Source: California Integrated Waste Management Board
URL: http://www.ciwmb.ca.gov/Electronics/WhatisEwaste/

 


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Hub Last Updated: 10/23/2006