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Fiberglass Fabrication: Complete List of Reference Documents
Table of Contents
Background and Overview
Glossary of Terms
Operations
Reasons for Change
P2 Opportunities
(NEW!) Styrene Issues in Fiberglass Fabication
Where To Go for P2 Help
Acknowledgments
Complete List of Links

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Acetone / Air filters / Air quality / Aqueous cleaning / Benchmarking (Management) / Best management practices / Boatbuilding / Catalysts / Clean Air Act / Cleaning / Cleaning machinery and appliances / Coating processes / Compliance / Composite materials / Compressed air / More Keywords...

Browse by Resource Type
Article/report (10) / Case study/success story (8) / Fact sheet/checklist (3) / List (1) / Manual/handbook/curriculum (8) / Other resources (2) / Proceedings (1) / Web site (20)

NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.


- Article/report -    Top of Page

Aqueous Cleaning Technology Review
Abstract: Review of aqueous cleaning for technical and economic viability; covers operational requirements, and future areas of development
Source: Pollution Prevention Resource Center
URL: http://www.pprc.org/pubs/techreviews/aqueous/aqintro.html

Composite Trimming and Drilling Process Improvement
Abstract: Evaluates recent advances in composite trimming and drilling for reduced cycle time and cost. (Free to SME members, $15 to non-members).
Source: Society of Manufacturing Engineers (SME)
URL: http://www.sme.org/cgi-bin/get-item.pl?TP03PUB166&2&SME

Establishing Waste Reduction Benchmarks and Good Manufacturing Practice for Open Mold Laminating [PDF]
Abstract: This paper illustrates how to use planned experientation to establish benchmarks for good operating practices and cost reductions in a fiberglass laminating facility.
Source: North Carolina Office of Waste Prevention
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00372.pdf

Guide to Cleaner Technologies - Organic Coating Removal [PDF]
Abstract: Describes depainting processes that have less of an environmental impact.
Source: Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/02/01048.pdf

Hazards of Fiberglass Layup and Sprayup [PDF]
Abstract: Booklet provides recommended work practices and case studies to minimize employee exposure to airborne contaminants, noise, and dermal affects.
Source: Minnesota Department of Labor and Industry
URL: http://www.dli.mn.gov/OSHA/PDF/fiberglass.pdf

Pollution Prevention Assistance Tools for the Fiber Reinforced Plastics and Boat Manufacturing Industries
Abstract: Demonstration projects showed success of methods and technologies for FRP shops with an emphasis on open molders, via assistance with implementation or adoption to 3 shops.
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/26/25282.htm

Project Summary - Assessment of Styrene Emission Controls for FRP/C and Boat Building Industries [PDF]
Abstract: Alternatives for for reducing styrene emissions in the fiberglass-reinforced plastics/composites (FRP/C) and fiberglass boat building industries.
Source: P2 Pays
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/07/06357.pdf

Solvent Substitution to Reduce Air Emissions for the FRP Industry [PDF]
Abstract: Provides information and guidance on evaluating alternatives to solvents used in tool and equipment cleaning for FRP production, to help prevent toxic air emissions.
Source: North Carolina Pollution Prevention Program
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00904.pdf

Waste Reduction Assistance for the Fiberglass Fabrication Industry [PDF]
Abstract: Useful resource describing fiberglass molding, processes, material usage, and P2 opportunities.
Source: Pinellas County Department of Environmental Management
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/32/31811.pdf

Waste Reduction Assistance for the Fiberglass Fabrication Industry [PDF]
Abstract: Useful resource describing fiberglass molding, processes, material usage, and P2 opportunities.
Source: Pinellas County Department of Environmental Management
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/32/31811.pdf


- Case study/success story -    Top of Page

Case Study - Cobalt Boats [PDF]
Abstract: How a company used changes in materials and technology to reduce waste and material consumption while saving over $100,000 annually. (pdf)
Source: Kansas State University Pollution Prevention Institute
URL: http://www.sbeap.org/publications/Best_of_Cobalt.pdf

Case Study - Grady White Boats [PDF]
Abstract: Case study on how a company replaced conventional air guns with air-assisted airless spray guns to apply gel coating.
Source: North Carolina Pollution Prevention Program
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/0034352.pdf

Case Study: Fiber Reinforced Plastics Shop Implements Light RTM to Produce Parts [PDF]
Abstract: Case study of a shop that converted 60% of open molding to closed molding (15% of operations use light RTM molding). Styrene emissions reduced by 80%.
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program
URL: http://www.mntap.umn.edu/fiber/41-Phoenix.PDF

Fountain Powerboats Incorporated - Process Modification: Equipment Change [PDF]
Abstract: Case study of a fiberglass fabricator that switched from spray guns to vacuum bags to deliver resin to the mold.
Source: Waste Reduction Resource Center
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/0034351.pdf

Hatteras Yachts, Inc.
Abstract: Case study of a boat builder that reduced paint and clean-up solvent waste by installing a plural component paint spraying system.
Source: North Carolina Office of Waste Reduction
URL:

Lean and Environment Case Study: Lasco Bathware [PDF]
Abstract: A team worked to identify numerous productivity and environmental improvements at this bathware manufacturing facility, via integration of lean and P2. Annual savings are over $140k.
Source: Washington Dept of Ecology
URL: http://www.ecy.wa.gov/pubs/0704009.pdf

Small Business Waste Reduction Guide - Fiber-Reinforced Plastics [PDF]
Abstract: Case study for using low styrene emission resins
Source: Enviro$ense
URL: http://www4.uwm.edu/shwec/recyclingtoolkit/PDF/SmallBusiness
WasteReductionGuide.pdf

Source Reduction and Recycling Opportunities for a Fiberglass Reinforced Plastics Shop
Abstract: Project demonstrated that FRP scrap waste could be ground and reused to make panels that generally meet or exceed the required performance properties of a particleboard product.
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program
URL: http://www.mntap.umn.edu/intern/projects/ast-it12.htm


- Fact sheet/checklist -    Top of Page

Biochemical Cleaning Solvents
Abstract: Discusses need for proper cleaning prior to metal finishing; offers alternative cleaning compounds and suppliers and case studies
Source: Institute for Local Self-Reliance
URL: http://www.ec.gc.ca/p2/default.asp?lang=En&n=7F6B6CDB-1

Pollution Prevention Opportunities for Painting and Coatings Operations [PDF]
Abstract: Fact sheet provides alternative applications methods and products to reduce waste and pollution for painting and coatings.
Source: Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection
URL: http://www.dep.state.pa.us/dep/deputate/pollprev/pdf/paintop
s.pdf

Pollution Prevention Tips for Spray Painters
Abstract: Provides practical tips for spray painters to increase their transfer efficiency.
Source: Georgia Pollution Prevention Assistance Program
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/09/08267.htm


- List -    Top of Page

Unified Emissions Factors from Open Molding of Composites [PDF]
Abstract: Table of Unified Emission Factors (UEF) for pounds of styrene emitted per ton of gelcoat or resin processed.
Source: Composites One
URL: http://www.compositesone.com/documents/industryregs/UEFTable
-Jul01.pdf


- Manual/handbook/curriculum -    Top of Page

A Guide for Fiberglass Operations
Abstract: This guide provides information on fiber-reinforced plastics (FRP) processes, environmental impacts, pollution prevention technologies and best management practices.
Source: Washington State Department of Ecology
URL: http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/hwtr/p2/sectors/FRPGuide1.htm
l

Certified Composites Technology (CCT) Training
Abstract: Online curriculum and exam provides uniform training in technology fundamentals used in open molding for composites & marine products. Focus on gel coat application, spraying, laminating, quality, and safety.
Source: American Composites Manufacturers Association
URL: http://www.acmanet.org/cct/

Controlled Spraying Handbook - Composites Open Molding Spray Applications
Abstract: (For purchase) Provides training guidelines for spray operators in the open molding companies industry, where styrene based resin and gel coat materials are used.
Source: Composites Fiber Association
URL: http://compositesweekly.com/controlled-spraying-techniques-f
or-reducing-styrene-emissions-and-material-waste/

EPA Sector Notebook: Profile of the Plastic Resins and Man-Made Fibers Industry [PDF]
Abstract: Provides information about process inputs and outputs, and environmental and regulatory implications of these materials and fiberglass processes.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/compliance/resources/publications/assista
nce/sectors/notebooks/resfibsn.pdf

Guides to Pollution Prevention - The Fiberglass-Reinforced and Composite Plastics Industry [PDF]
Abstract: This manual provides information on the pollution prevention practices and technologies available to the fiber reinforced plastic (FRP) industry.
Source: Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/02/01058.pdf

Reducing Volatile Emissions in the Fiber Reinforced Plastics (FRP) Industry [PDF]
Abstract: Describes options available to reduce acetone and styrene emissions
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program
URL: http://www.mntap.umn.edu/fiber/75-FRPemissions.PDF

Reducing Volatile Emissions in the Fiber Reinforced Plastics (FRP) Industry [PDF]
Abstract: Describes options available to reduce acetone and styrene emissions
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program
URL: http://www.mntap.umn.edu/fiber/75-FRPemissions.PDF

Waste Reduction Strategies for Fiberglass Fabricators [PDF]
Abstract: Document provides great P2 opportunities for fiberglass fabricators
Source: North Carolina Office of Waste Reduction
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00368.pdf


- Other resources -    Top of Page

Composite Materials Technology Center
Abstract: Fosters interaction of engineering students with industry to enhance engineering education and assist industry in developing and implementing improved production processes.
Source: Winona State University
URL: http://www.compositesworld.com/suppliers/comattec/DIR

Reports on FRP and Light-RTM Manufacturing Technologies Tested at the Coatings Applications Research Laboratory (CARL)
Abstract: Series of reports on various fiberglass technologies that may reduce emissions and waste related to fiberglass processes.
Source: Coatings Applications Research Laboratory (CARL)
URL: https://Engineering.Purdue.edu/CMTI/FRP/


- Proceedings -    Top of Page

Reduction of Pollution and Hazardous Wastes: an Overview of Fiberglass Molding [PDF]
Abstract: This presentation provides background information on molding and spraying techniques.
Source: P2 Pays
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/14/13080.pdf


- Web site -    Top of Page

5S Resource Center
Abstract: The 5S's stand for "sort" (clearing the work area), "set in order" (designating locations), "shine" (cleanliness and workplace appearance), "standardize" (everyone doing things the same way) and "sustain" (ingraining the 5S's into the culture).
Source: Quality Training Portal
URL: http://www.qualitytrainingportal.com/resources/5S/

ABC's of FRP
Abstract: This section is a Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) composites primer as it applies to FRP grating.
Source: American Composites Manufacturers Association
URL: http://www.acmanet.org/fgmc/abc_frp.htm

American Composites Manufacturers Association
Abstract: This trade association has good information about processes, and a special focus on air emissions in the composites industry. In 2012, many of their resources have been moved to "members only" access.
Source: Composites Fabricators Association
URL: http://www.acmanet.org/

Calculating Air Emissions from Fiberglass Operations
Abstract: Spreadsheet calculator for determining air emissions from fiberglass production, incorporates variables f low styrene, vapor-suppressed resins, molding or laminating process and other factors.
Source: Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
URL: http://www.pca.state.mn.us/index.php/topics/small-business-e
nvironmental-assistance-program/sbeap-resources-calculat
ors-due-dates-and-checklists.html

Clean Manufacturing Technology Institute
Abstract: Purdue University's site with links to clean manufacturing technologies to help industry improve environmental as well as business performance
Source: Center for the Environment
URL: https://engineering.purdue.edu/CMTI/

Coatings Application Research Laboratory
Abstract: CARL's purpose is to enable firms to select and implement technologies to help them meet environmental regulations at least cost in their plants, while maintaining desired surface quality.
Source: Indiana Clean Manufacturing Technology and Safe Materials Institute
URL: https://Engineering.Purdue.edu/CMTI/CARL/

Code of Federal Regulations: Title 40 Part 63 Subpart VVVV
Abstract: This subpart establishes national emission standards for hazardous air pollutants (HAP) for new and existing boat manufacturing facilities with resin and gel coat operations, carpet and fabric adhesive operations, or aluminum recreational boat surface coating operations.
Source: GPO Access
URL: http://ecfr.gpoaccess.gov/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=ecfr&rgn=div
6&view=text&node=40:12.0.1.1.1.28&idno=40

Code of Federal Regulations: Title 40 Part 63 Subpart WWWW
Abstract: This subpart establishes national emissions standards for hazardous air pollutants (NESHAP) for reinforced plastic composites production. This subpart also establishes requirements to demonstrate initial and continuous compliance with the hazardous air pollutants (HAP) emissions standards.
Source: GPO Access
URL: http://ecfr.gpoaccess.gov/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=ecfr&sid=ff2
846d70a9b1e68603ced4a15531ea0&rgn=div6&view=text&node=40
:12.0.1.1.1.29&idno=40

Composite Manufacturing Process
Abstract: Describes the two general divisions of composites manufacturing processes: open molding (sometimes called contact molding) and closed molding.
Source: American Composite Manufacturers Association (ACMA)
URL: http://www.acmanet.org/resources/manufacturing-process.cfm

Fiberglass Recycling Category
Abstract: The Recycler's Exchange is a member based world wide information exchange designed for companies and individuals who buy/sell/trade goods and commodities.
Source: Recycler's World
URL: http://www.recycle.net/Glass/fiber/index.html

Fiberglass Recycling Exchange
Abstract: Trading website for information to promote trade in the fiberglass, composites and resins Industries.
Source: Fiberglass World
URL: http://www.fiberglass.com/a/fg9055.html

Fiberglass Reinforced Plastics (FRP) Manufacturing
Abstract: Provides information on air emission issues (including styrene and other HAPs), compliance issues, pollution prevention resources and other FRP related issues.
Source: Indiana Department of Environmental Management
URL: http://www.in.gov/idem/5130.htm

Filament Winding
Abstract: Filament Winding is the process of winding resin-impregnated fiber or tape on a mandrel surface in a precise geometric pattern.
Source: Entec
URL: http://www.entec.com/filament%20winding.shtml

Glass Manufacturing Industry Council (GMIC)
Abstract: The website has the latest news, insightful trends and other information about glass the glass industry.
Source: Glass Manufacturing Industry Council
URL: http://www.gmic.org/

MSDS Online
Abstract: Links on where to find material safety date sheets (MSDS) on the internet.
Source: Interactive Learning Paradigms, Inc.
URL: http://www.ilpi.com/msds/index.html

NAICS Code: 326191
Abstract: Definition for Plastics Plumbing Fixture Manufacturing, including fiberglass.
Source: US Census Bureau
URL: http://www.census.gov/eos/www/naics/htmls/3/326191.htm

Paint and Coatings Resource Center (PCRC)
Abstract: This web site provides industry, environmental and technology information for paints and coatings, and their application. Includes a live "Ask the Expert" feature.
Source: Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.paintcenter.org/

Recycler's World - Fiberglass Recycling
Abstract: Provides a marketing venue for finding or making available fiberglass reinforced scrap and other related materials, either spent, unused inventory, scrap or waste.
Source: Recycler's World
URL: http://www.recycle.net/recycle/Glass/fiber/index.html

Resin Transfer Molding
Abstract: Resin transfer molding (RTM) is a closed-mold pressure injection system which allows for faster gel and cure times as compared to contact molded parts.
Source: About.com
URL: http://composite.about.com/library/glossary/r/bldef-r4540.ht
m

SCRIMP
Abstract: The Seemann Composites Resin Infusion Molding Process (SCRIMP) technology eliminates VOC emissions and creates a clean, worker friendly environment.
Source: Seemann Composites, Inc.
URL: http://seemanncomposites.com/index.php?option=com_content&vi
ew=article&id=26&Itemid=10

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