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Industrial Composting: Complete List of Reference Documents
Table of Contents
Background and Overview
Operations and Technology
Environmental Regulations
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Complete List of Links

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Compost / Compost plants / Composting / Waste management

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Article/report (19) / Case study/success story (1) / Chapter (1) / Fact sheet/checklist (2) / Manual/handbook/curriculum (1) / Web site (9)

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- Article/report -    Top of Page

A National Strategy to Promote Source Separated Composting: Proceedings of the National Source Separated Compost Symposium [PDF]
Abstract: Technical experts in the composting field gathered in St. Louis, Missouri, on February 25-26, 1993, to assess the potential for increasing source separated composting and to develop a comprehensive national strategy for achieving this potential. Participants identified key issues in need of resolution and developed recommendations and strategies to address these issues.
Source: National Recycling Coalition, Novon Products, U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, University of Hawaii

Agricultural Composting: A Feasibility Study for New York Farms
Abstract: Demonstrate the economic opportunities for farm compost enterprises, including capital costs, labor and land requirements, and market potential. Document the challenges and opportunities for integrating composting with other farm activities, including farm waste management, and the possibilities for enhancing seasonal stability in farm labor needs. Analyze technical and economic tradeoffs between three different types of process technologies. (high volume, expensive specialized compost turning equipment; turning piles with common farm loaders; static pile) Identify the optimum process requirements for composting a wide variety of agricultural and food waste materials. Initiate an environmental monitoring program which can be used to evaluate the surface and ground water quality impacts of agricultural composting facilities. (Project results available in a separate final report.)
Source: Cornell University

An Analysis of Composting As an Environmental Remediation Technology [PDF]
Abstract: The composting process is currently viewed primarily as a waste management method to stabilize organic waste, such as manure, yard trimmings, municipal biosolids, and organic urban wastes. The stabilized end-product (compost) is widely used as a soil amendment to improve soil structure, provide plant nutrients, and facilitate the revegetation of disturbed or eroded soil (Cole, 1994; Cole, 1995; Harmsen, 1994; McNabb, 1994). The information and data presented in this document were compiled and analyzed by Michael A. Cole, Ph.D.
Source: US EPA

Biosolids Generation, Use, and Disposal in the United States [PDF]
Abstract: The purpose of this report is to broaden the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) series of solid waste studies by quantifying the amount of biosolids managed by municipal solid waste (MSW) facilities.

Combining Raw Materials for Composting [PDF]
Abstract: This guide offers useful data principles, methods, equipment, project management to help achieve a successful efficient, economically-sound composting program
Source: Biocycle

Commercial and Industrial Organics Food Services Composting Projects on the Rise [PDF]
Abstract: Article gives basic overview on how to established an composting facility.
Source: Biocycle

Compost Facility Resource Handbook; Guidance for Washington State [PDF]
Abstract: Handbook was developed to help facility planners, operators, regulators and consumers easily identify envirnmental laws, regulations, permit requirements, and best management practices for compost facilities.
Source: Washington State Dept. of Ecology

Composting and Compost Use for Water Quality [PDF]
Abstract: Contains links to websites which describe the use of composted organic materials for environmentally beneficial purposes.

Composting dead livestock: A new solution to an old problem [PDF]
Abstract: Describes how on-farm composting of dead livestock can save producers money and help protect the environment.
Source: Iowa State University

Composting Programs
Abstract: Composting is a well-known technology for processing organic materials that can help installations meet solid waste reduction goals, produce a beneficial end-product, and minimize environmental pollution from organic solid waste.
Source: Global Recycling Network

End-Product Standards for Compost [PDF]
Abstract: TNRCC have developed recommented end-product standards for MSW compost. An end-product standard is defined as the maximum allowable concentration of a chemical in MSW compost that would not be expected to cause adverse affects in humans, domestic animals, or plants when MsW compost is used. A decision was made by the TNRCC to develop end-product standards for two grades of compost in order to provide the user with a choice of different qualities of compost
Source: Office of Air Quality Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission

Fact Sheet 2:Municipal Solid Waste Composting: Physical Processing
Abstract: Four tasks are central to the design of a modern MSW composting system: collection, contaminant separation, sizing and mixing, and biological decomposition. This fact sheet reviews the various technologies and options currently available for preprocessing MSW and accomplishing the first three tasks.
Source: Dept. of Agricultural and Biological Engineering Cornell University

Food Service Composting Update, A BioCycle/Food For The Earth Survey [PDF]
Abstract: Article speaks on composting projects expanding on all fronts, processing residuals from grocery stores, restaurants, institutions, food processors and other commercial generators across the United States
Source: Biocyce

Food Waste Diversion at Correctional Facilities Composting Technologies and Costs
Abstract: Powerpoint overview of composting technologies and costs
Source: DENR/Div of Pollution Prevention & Environmental Assistance

LARGE-SCALE:Organic Materials Composting [PDF]
Abstract: Article focus on the concept of windrow composting; characteristics, permits, and cost.
Source: NC State University & NC A&T State University Cooperative Extension

Sludge Treatment and Disposal: Sludge Disposal [PDF]
Abstract: Article discuss the process on sludge disposal. In Chapter 8 discuss sewage sludge composting and some technologies that maybe use and some case studies.
Source: EPA

Technical and Market Developement Analysis of Compost Materials in North Carolina: Final Report [PDF]
Abstract: The purpose of this report is to provide the findings and results of the market development analysis for compost material markets in North Carolina and to fulfii Senate Bill 11 1 mandates for composted material. The major feedstocks which are considered as part of this report are sewage sludge;
Source: NC Dept. of Economic & Community Development

The Environmental Assessment and Management (TEAM) Guide: North Carolina Supplement Revised March 2001 [PDF]
Abstract: Environmental assessments help determine compliance with current environmental regulations. The U.S. Air Force, U.S. Army, Defense Logistics Agency (DLA), and Corps of Engineers (Civil Works) have adopted environmental compliance programs that identify compliance problems before they are cited as violations by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
Source: US Army Corps of Engineers: Engineer Research and Development Center

Will Composting Work for Us? A Decision Guide for Managers of Businesses, Institutions, Campuses, and Other Facilities [PDF]
Abstract: The Clean Washington Center developed this guide to help managers and decision-makers evaluate the feasibility of composting food scraps and other organic residuals. In its approach, the guide targets the following types of businesses or organizations:
Source: The Clean Washington Center A Division of the Department of Community, Trade & Economic Development

- Case study/success story -    Top of Page

WasteWise Update: Recovering Organic Wastes-Giving Back to Mother Nature [PDF]
Abstract: An US EPA newsletter about success stories across different industries on reducing their waste stream into landfills.
Source: US EPA

- Chapter -    Top of Page

7 Composting [PDF]
Abstract: This chapter provides information about methods and programs for composting yard trimmings (leaves, grass clippings, brush, and tree prunings) or the compostable portion of mixed solid waste (MSW), including yard trimmings, food scraps, scrap paper products, and other decomposable organics.

- Fact sheet/checklist -    Top of Page

Fact Sheet 1: Municipal Solid Waste Composting: Physical Processing
Abstract: This fact sheet discuss the biological process necessary to ensure quality product is produced.
Source: Dept. of Agricultural and Biological Engineering Cornell University

Coompost Fact Sheet #7:Compost Equipment [PDF]
Source: Cornell Waste Management Institute

- Manual/handbook/curriculum -    Top of Page

Saskatchewan Waste Reduction Council
Abstract: Municipal Yard Waste Composting
Source: Saskatchewan SK, Waste Reduction Council

- Web site -    Top of Page

Code of Federal Regulations: Title 40 Part 503
Abstract: Standards for the use and disposal of sewage sludge. This website has links to PDF and Word document versions of the individual subsections.
Source: P2 Pays

Coker Composting and Consulting
Abstract: Coker Composting and Consulting was founded in 2005 to give composters and others access to qualified professional consultant assistance.
Source: Coker Composting and Consulting

Abstract: EPA composting site.
Source: EPA

Composting News
Abstract: The latest news in composting and scrap wood management.

Cornell Composting
Abstract: Basic background information on Composting
Source: Cornell University Waste Management Institute

Land Cleanup and Wastes
Abstract: EPA Region 4 state composting program links.
Source: EPA

Organic Materials
Abstract: EPA website that provides information on organic materials.
Source: EPA

Rotary Drum Composting Technology
Abstract: Transform Compost Systems together with the Alberta Research Council, and Coil Manufacturing designed this large Rotary Drum Composter.
Source: Transform Compost Systems

US Composting Council
Abstract: The USCC is a trade and professional organization promoting compost. We provide a unified voice for the growing composting industry. The US Composting Council is involved in research, public education, composting and compost standards, expansion of compost markets and the enlistment of public support.
Source: US Composting Council

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