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Electronic Waste: Complete List of Reference Documents
Table of Contents
Background and Overview
Operations
Reasons for Change
P2 Opportunities
Legislation
Corporate and Non-Profit Initiatives
Options for E-Waste
Acknowledgements
Where to go for Help
Complete List of Links

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Article/report (38) / Case study/success story (2) / Chapter (2) / Fact sheet/checklist (5) / List (1) / Manual/handbook/curriculum (2) / Other resources (1) / Proceedings (1) / Web site (22)

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- Article/report -    Top of Page

5R Process Flow Diagram
Abstract: A series of slides that shows how computers and electronic equipment is demanufactured by the 5R company, with materials being reclaimed or reused.
Source: 5R Processors Ltd
URL: http://www.5rprocessors.com/ProcessFlowDiagram_files/frame.h
tm

Apple Offers Free Computer Take-Back Program
Abstract: News release from Apple company, outlining their program of recycling old computers with the purchase of a new Macintosh system beginning in June 2006.
Source: Apple
URL: http://www.apple.com/pr/library/2006/apr/21takeback.html

Characterization and Processing of Plastics from Minnesota's Demonstration Project for the Recovery of End-of-Life Electronics [PDF]
Abstract: Paper describes plastics characterization and processing from Minnesota's three-month electronics recycling demonstration project, which collected 700 tons of electronic equipment. Information about separating and processing plastics, resins, and contaminants typically present in the residential electronics waste stream; plastics physical properties; and economics are reported.
Source: Minnesota Office of Environmental Assistance; Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Recycling Conference
URL: http://www.moea.state.mn.us/plugin/ARCpaper2000.pdf

Characterization of Lead Leachability from Cathode Ray Tubes Using the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure [PDF]
Abstract: A characterization of 36 CRTs were processed and analyzed for lead using the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP). An average concentration of 18.5 mg/L lead was found, with the most significant portion in the frit seal, found in the funnel portion of color CRTs. This exceeds the regulatory limit of 5.0 mg/L.
Source: The William W. "Bill" Hinkley Center for Solid and Hazardous Waste Management, University of Florida
URL: http://www.hinkleycenter.com/publications/lead_leachability_
99-5.pdf

China Finalizes "RoHS" Legislation: Overview of Requirements and Industry Outlook
Abstract: Summary of Chinese "Management Methods for Controlling Pollution Caused by Electronic Information Products Regulation," with links to the text of the regulation and effective dates for compliance.
Source: AeA (formerly the American Electronics Association)
URL: http://www.aeanet.org/GovernmentAffairs/gabl_ChinaRoHSpage09
05.asp

Comparison of State Laws on Electronics Recycling [PDF]
Abstract: Compares aspects of electronics recycling laws from California, Maine, Maryland, and Washington.
Source: Computer Take-Back Campaign
URL: http://www.calpsc.org/products/docs/thru2008/CTBC_Comparison
_4_state_e-waste_laws.pdf

Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing
Abstract: Information compiled by the Bureau of Labor Statistics regarding the manufacturing of computers and electronic products, including the nature of the industry, working conditions, and outlook.
Source: U.S. Department of Labor; Bureau of Labor Statistics
URL: http://www.bls.gov/oco/cg/cgs010.htm

Computer Display Industry and Technology Profile
Abstract: Overview of CRT and LCD computer monitor markets and technologies, plus basic operation and manufacturing of CRTs and thin-film transistor (TFT)-LCDs.
Source: EPA, Design for the Environment
URL: http://www.epa.gov/dfe/pubs/comp-dic/tech_reports/index.htm

Computer Display Industry and Technology Profile
Abstract: Overview of CRT and LCD computer monitor markets and technologies, plus basic operation and manufacturing of CRTs and thin-film transistor (TFT)-LCDs.
Source: EPA, Design for the Environment
URL: http://www.epa.gov/dfe/pubs/comp-dic/tech_reports/index.htm

Computers, E-Waste, and Product Stewardship: Is California Ready for the Challenge? [PDF]
Abstract: The report examines six policy options which could catalyze creation of a system of extended product responsibility for computers, through feedback mechanisms intended to foster better up-front design for environmental considerations. Economic models proposed could provide seed monies for infrastructure development.
Source: Global Futures Foundation/USEPA: Computers and E-Waste
URL: http://www.future500.org/documents/e-waste.pdf

Current Electronics Recycling Laws
Abstract: Current electronics recycling laws in effect are summarized from states and federal. Links to the text of the legislation is provided.
Source: National Center for Electronics Recycling (NCER)
URL: http://www.electronicsrecycling.com/NCER/ContentPage.aspx?Pa
geId=14

Directive 2002/95/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council [PDF]
Abstract: Text of the directive that restricts use of certain hazardous substances in the manufacturing of electronic equipment. This directive states that new electrical and electronic equipment put on the market after July 1, 2006, shall not contain lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls (PBB), or polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE).
Source: Official Journal of the European Union
URL: http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/en/oj/dat/2003/l_037/l_0372
0030213en00190023.pdf

Directive 2002/96/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 January 2003 on Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) [PDF]
Abstract: Text of the directive that establishes producer responsibility in Europe for waste electrical and electronic equipment.
Source: Official Journal of the European Union
URL: http://europa.eu/eur-lex/pri/en/oj/dat/2003/l_037/l_03720030
213en00240038.pdf

Electronic Waste; 1610; Legislation in Maine
Abstract: Text of the Maine electronics recycling bill.
Source: Maine State Legislature
URL: http://janus.state.me.us/legis/statutes/38/title38sec1610.ht
ml

Electronics Recycling Bills in Play 2006
Abstract: A table comparing bills in states and regions, noting whether they are just proposed or have been passed. Comparisons are of "take-back bills." ARF (advanced recycling fees) where consumers pay extra fees when they purchase certain products, which is used for recycling), study bills, and disposal bans.
Source: Computer Take-Back Campaign
URL: http://www.e-takeback.org/press_open/Ewaste%20legislation%20
state%20summary2006.xls

E-waste Report: Determination of Regulated Elements in Seven Types of Discarded Consumer Electronic Products [PDF]
Abstract: Seven electronic product types (microwave ovens, VCRs, printers, CPUs, cell phones, telephones, and radios) were tested to determine total and extractable concentrations of regulated elements for comparison with hazardous waste criteria. Results indicate that all product types tested clearly exceeded at least one hazardous waste criterion. Lead was the most common element exceeding its limit.
Source: Hazardous Material Laboratory, California Department of Toxic Substances Control
URL: http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/HazardousWaste/EWaste/upload/Consumer
_Electronic_Products.pdf

Extended Producer Responsibility: A Legislative Model
Abstract: Summary of extended producer responsibility for several markets.
Source: Californians Against Waste
URL: http://www.cawrecycles.org/issues/epr

Federal Electronics Challenge
Abstract: A voluntary partnership program that encourages federal facilities and agencies to purchase greener electronic products, reduce impacts of electronic products during use, and manage obsolete electronics in an environmentally safe way.
Source: The Office of the Federal Environmental Executive and the USEPA
URL: http://www.federalelectronicschallenge.net/

Guidelines for Materials Management
Abstract: Voluntary guidance for EPA's Plug-In to e-Cycling partners, listing preferred waste management practices for used electronic products and defining qualifying Plug-In partners.
Source: U.S. EPA Office of Solid Waste, Plug-In to eCycling
URL: http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/partnerships/plugin/guide.htm

Guidelines for the Procurement, Use, and End-of-Life Management of Electronic Equipment [PDF]
Abstract: Guidance document to help California state agencies reduce costs and environmental impacts, and improve the efficiency of the procurement, use, and end-of- life (EOL) management of electronic equipment.
Source: California Integrated Waste Management Board.
URL: http://www.ciwmb.ca.gov/Electronics/Procurement/PUEOL/FinalG
uide.pdf

HR 1165, National Computer Recycling Act
Abstract: This bill, introduced in the U.S. House, March 6, 2003, would establish a grant and fee program through the U.S. EPA to encourage and promote recycling of used computers and promote development of a national infrastructure for recycling of used computers.
Source: Library of Congress, Thomas
URL: http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z?c108:H.R.1165:

HR 320, Tax Incentives to Encourage Recycling Act of 2005 (TIER Act of 2005)
Abstract: This bill, introduced January 26, 2005, into the U.S. House of Representatives, would amend the Internal Revenue Code to provide tax incentives to encourage manufacturers of computer, cell phone, and television equipment to operate an environmentally sound recycling program for use by consumers who want to discard the equipment.
Source: The Library of Congress (Thomas)
URL: http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z?c109:H.R.+320:

HR 425, National Computer Recycling Act
Abstract: This bill, introduced January 26, 2005, into the U.S. House of Representatives would establish a grant and fee program through the U.S. EPA to encourage and promote recycling of used computers and promote development of a national infrastructure for recycling of used computers.
Source: Library of Congress, Thomas
URL: http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z?c109:H.R.425:

IAER Certified Electronics Recycler
Abstract: The International Association of Electronics Recyclers certification standard is a comprehensive set of requirements that includes third-party audits of electronics recycling facilities to achieve the designation of Certified Electronics Recycler.
Source: International Association of Electronics Recyclers
URL: http://www.iaer.org/communications/certification.htm

IBM Launches World's First Desktop PC with 100 % Recycled Plastic Resin
Abstract: Press release from March 1, 1999, announcing IBM's use of recycled resin in a new desktop computer.
Source: IBM
URL: http://www.ibm.com/ibm/environment/news/epro.shtml

Introduced Electronic Waste Legislation 2003-2004
Abstract: A table of information about legislation that has been introduced in various state legislatures, dealing with recycling of electronic waste.
Source: National Caucus of Environmental Legislators
URL: http://www.ncel.net/base.cgim?template=ewaste.0303

Life-Cycle Assessment of Desktop Computer Displays: Summary of Results
Abstract: Assessment of the life-cycle environmental impacts of two technologies that can be used for desktop computer displays: the cathode ray tube (CRT) and active-matrix liquid crystal display (LCD). CRTs are found to have greater life-cycle impact than LCDs in 17 of 20 categories. Energy generation and use in the CRT life cycle is the largest contributor in almost all impact categories. LCDs have about 4% of the lead found in CRTs.
Source: U.S. EPA, Design for the Environment (DfE)
URL: http://www.epa.gov/dfe/pubs/comp-dic/lca-sum/index.htm

Midwest Regional Electronic Waste Recycling Policy Initiative
Abstract: Several Midwestern states have joined in a regional initiative to develop a consistent and unified approach for managing waste electronics. The effort is similar to the Northeast Regional Electronics Management Project and builds on model legislation developed through their efforts.
Source: Minnesota Office of Environmental Assistance
URL: http://www.moea.state.mn.us/stewardship/electronicsmidwest.c
fm

Model Electronic Recycling Legislation [PDF]
Abstract: An act to establish a comprehensive recycling system that ensures the safe and environmentally sound management of electronic devices and components, and encourages design of electronic devises and components that are less toxic and more recyclable; and promotes development of a statewide infrastructure for collection and recycling of end-of-life electronics.
Source: The Council of State Governments/Eastern Regional Conference; The Northeast Recycling Council, Inc.
URL: http://www.nerc.org/documents/electronic_recycling_legislati
on/RegionalDraft4-06FINAL.pdf

Pollution Prevention Techniques for Electronics and Computer Industry
Abstract: This document is a compilation of suggested process or equipment changes, material substitutions, and recycling for various processes used in manufacturing computers.
Source: CTEM Publication; North Carolina's Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/21/20432.txt

Proposals for End-of-Life Electronics Management [PDF]
Abstract: A primer with information about state legislation related to electronics recycling.
Source: The Northeast Recycling Council (NERC) and the Council of State Governments/Eastern Regional Conference (CSG/ERC)
URL: http://www.nerc.org/documents/e_recycling_primer/E-Recycling
Primer-StateLegislation.pdf

Recycling Used Electronics, Report on Minnesota's Demonstration Project [PDF]
Abstract: This report summarizes a public/private effort in 1999 and 2000 to identify costs and barriers to recycling used electronic products. It includes characterization of the consumer waste electronics stream; 700 tons of waste electronics were collected in three months at 64 collection sites. Details about conducting the collection events are included.
Source: Minnesota Office of Environmental Assistance
URL: http://www.moea.state.mn.us/plugin/ElectronicsReport.pdf

Recycling Used Electronics, Report on Minnesota's Demonstration Project [PDF]
Abstract: This report summarizes a public/private effort in 1999 and 2000 to identify costs and barriers to recycling used electronic products. It includes characterization of the consumer waste electronics stream; 700 tons of waste electronics were collected in three months at 64 collection sites. Details about conducting the collection events are included.
Source: Minnesota Office of Environmental Assistance
URL: http://www.moea.state.mn.us/plugin/ElectronicsReport.pdf

Sony and the Global Environment
Abstract: Report contains the history of environmental activities at Sony.
Source: Sony
URL: http://www.sony.net/SonyInfo/Environment/activities/index.ht
ml

Standard for Environmental Assessment of Personal Computer Products
Abstract: The standard can be purchased from IEEE on this site. This standard is the basis for the criteria used for conformance with EPEAT.
Source: IEEE -- Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., a non-profit professional organization for the advancement of technology.
URL: http://shop.ieee.org/ieeestore/ (search for 1680)

Tool Kit for Setting Up Electronics Recycling Programs [PDF]
Abstract: A 42-page tool kit on beginning and operating an electronics collection program, both as a special collection and an ongoing program.
Source: Northeast Recycling Council, Inc.
URL: http://www.nerc.org/documents/nebraska_toolkit_section_I.pdf

U.S. EPA Electronics Reuse and Recycling, publication EPA530-N-00-007
Abstract: Information about proper disposal of electronic waste, focusing on reuse and recycling. It includes several case "anecdotes" and covers regulatory obligations, also.
Source: U.S. EPA, Solid Waste and Emergency Response
URL: http://www.epa.gov/wastewise/pubs/wwupda14.txt

Washington Electronic Product Recycling Bill, SB 6428 [PDF]
Abstract: Text of the Washington recycling bill.
Source: Washington State Legislature
URL: http://www.leg.wa.gov/pub/billinfo/2005-06/Pdf/Bills/Senate%
20Passed%20Legislature/6428-S.PL.pdf


- Case study/success story -    Top of Page

Computers and the Environment: Understanding and Managing Their Impacts
Abstract: This study assesses environmental impacts associated with personal computers, their manufacture, purchase, use, and disposal. It includes an assessment of total fossil fuels used to make a computer (ten times the weight of the computer, compared to an automobile or refrigerator, which use approximately their equivalent weight in fuel). Consideration is given to the most effective way to implement the European Union recycling standards, and decisions by consumers are addressed.
Source: book by Ruediger Kuehr and Eric Williams, published by Kluwer Academic Publishers
URL: http://www.it-environment.org/compenv.html

Strengthening the Role of the Federal Government in Encouraging Recycling and Reuse [PDF]
Abstract: A 62-page study by GAO that summarizes information on the volumes of and problems associated with used electronics; examines factors affecting recycling and reuse, and examines federal efforts to encourage their recycling and reuse.
Source: U.S. Government Accountability Office
URL: http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d0647.pdf


- Chapter -    Top of Page

Hazardous Waste Identification [PDF]
Abstract: The regulations contain guidelines for determining what exactly is a waste (called a solid waste) and what is excluded from the hazardous waste regulations, even though it otherwise is a solid and hazardous waste.
Source: EPA
URL: http://www.epa.gov/osw/inforesources/pubs/orientat/rom31.pdf

Integrated Circuit
Abstract: Thirteen chapters of basic information about integrated circuits including their manufacture, history, and advances.
Source: Wikipedia
URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Integrated_circuit


- Fact sheet/checklist -    Top of Page

Easier Recycling of Cathode Ray Tubes
Abstract: Fact sheet describing EPA Office of Solid Waste's streamlined management of cathode ray tubes (CRTs), allowing them to be safely stored (up to one year) and properly transported for recycling without being considered hazardous waste.
Source: U.S. EPA, Office of Solid Waste
URL: http://www.epa.gov/osw/hazard/recycling/electron/crt-fs06.ht
m

Federal Communications Commission Consumer Facts, Digital Television (DTV)
Abstract: Fact sheet describes digital television (DTV) broadcasting technology and its effects on consumers, including equipment needs.
Source: Federal Communications Commission
URL: http://www.fcc.gov/cgb/consumerfacts/digitaltv.html

Hidden Cost To Keep Electronics
Abstract: A worksheet that facilitates calculating the costs associated with storage, security, and overhead costs of keeping defunct electronic equipment.
Source: 5R Processors Ltd.
URL: http://www.5rprocessors.com/site/hidden_cost.asp

Resource Conservation Challenge: Green Initiatives--Electronics
Abstract: This fact sheet provides an overall understanding of e-waste and associated issues, initiatives, and facts, plus many links to EPA and external programs dealing with e-waste.
Source: EPA
URL: http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/rcc/resources/electron.htm

Universal Waste
Abstract: Fact sheet on universal wastes in California that cannot be disposed in the trash, including fluorescent lamps, cathode ray tubes (CRTs), instruments that contain mercury, batteries, and others.
Source: California Integrated Waste Management Board
URL: http://www.ciwmb.ca.gov/HHW/UWaste/default.htm


- List -    Top of Page

Recycling Programs at Dell
Abstract: A listing of options for donating or recycling computers. Recycling pick-up at your home is free with a new Dell purchase or available for $10 otherwise. The site includes several international recycling links.
Source: Dell
URL: http://www.dell.com/content/topics/global.aspx/corp/environm
ent/en/recycling_main?c=us&l=en&s=corp


- Manual/handbook/curriculum -    Top of Page

Electronics Reuse and Recycling [PDF]
Abstract: A manual that addresses reasons for proper management of electronic wastes, including regulatory obligations, how to improve future acquisitions, opportunities for manufacturers, and actions being taken by governments.
Source: EPA Waste Wise
URL: http://www.epa.gov/wastewise/pubs/wwupda14.pdf

RCRA Orientation Manual 2008
Abstract: This updated manual provides introductory information on the solid and hazardous waste management programs under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA).
Source: EPA
URL: http://www.epa.gov/osw/inforesources/pubs/orientat/


- Other resources -    Top of Page

National Recycling Coalition (NRC) Affiliated Recycling Organizations
Abstract: The National Recycling Coalition (NRC) has affiliation agreements in place with organizations in the following states/territories: Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, and Wisconsin.
Source: National Recycling Coalition
URL: http://www.nrc-recycle.org/affiliates.aspx


- Proceedings -    Top of Page

Maryland Statewide Computer Recycling Pilot Program, HB 575
Abstract: Authorizing a county to address methods for the separate collection and recycling of computers in a specified recycling plan; establishing the Statewide Computer Recycling Pilot Program in the Department of the Environment; requiring the Office of Recycling in the Department to administer the Program; requiring, on or after specified dates, specified computer manufacturers to submit a specified registration and fee; etc.
Source: Maryland General Assembly
URL: http://mlis.state.md.us/2005rs/billfile/hb0575.htm


- Web site -    Top of Page

A Guide to Environmentally Preferable Computer Purchasing
Abstract: This page contains a discussion of environmental problems and possible alternatives with electronic components. The Web site includes a summary of environmental rating systems from various governments and organizations. The Northwest Product Stewardship Council is a group of government organizations that works with businesses and nonprofit groups to integrate product stewardship principles into policy and economic structures of the Pacific Northwest.
Source: Northwest Product Stewardship Council Guide
URL: http://www.productstewardship.net/productsElectronicsEPPGuid
e.html

Basel Action Network (BAN)
Abstract: An organization that focuses on "toxic trade" (trade in toxic wastes, toxic products, and toxic technologies) and its impact on global environmental justice. The organization sponsors an "E-Stewards Pledge Program," promoting electronics recyclers that do not export or dump their waste and do not use prison labor. The Basel ban effectively banned (as of January 1998) all forms of hazardous waste exports from the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries to all non-OECD countries.
Source: Basel Action Network
URL: http://www.ban.org/

Basel Action Network (BAN)
Abstract: An organization that focuses on "toxic trade" (trade in toxic wastes, toxic products, and toxic technologies) and its impact on global environmental justice. The organization sponsors an "E-Stewards Pledge Program," promoting electronics recyclers that do not export or dump their waste and do not use prison labor. The Basel ban effectively banned (as of January 1998) all forms of hazardous waste exports from the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries to all non-OECD countries.
Source: Basel Action Network
URL: http://www.ban.org/

Californians Against Waste
Abstract: Not-for-profit organization's Web site that includes information on e-waste and legislation in California. Action on other wastes are also tracked.
Source:
URL: http://www.cawrecycles.org/

Clean Computer Campaign [PDF]
Abstract: Web site that covers high-tech industry impacts on community, worker, and environmental health. Clean computer campaign includes "report cards" on environmental progress of computer and electronic companies, policy summaries, and information on recycling, green design, flame retardants, European directives, and e- waste. The coalition is a grassroots organization based in San Jose, California. Web site includes resources on sustainable production, sustainable water, environmental justice, and human health impacts.
Source: Silicone Valley Toxics Coalition
URL: http://www.wsppn.org/hub/images/CleanComputerHuge.pdf

Clean Computer Campaign [PDF]
Abstract: Web site that covers high-tech industry impacts on community, worker, and environmental health. Clean computer campaign includes "report cards" on environmental progress of computer and electronic companies, policy summaries, and information on recycling, green design, flame retardants, European directives, and e- waste. The coalition is a grassroots organization based in San Jose, California. Web site includes resources on sustainable production, sustainable water, environmental justice, and human health impacts.
Source: Silicone Valley Toxics Coalition
URL: http://www.wsppn.org/hub/images/CleanComputerHuge.pdf

EIA Environment Consumer Education Initiative
Abstract: Information about recycling electronic equipment, including a database of reuse and recycling programs across the country.
Source: Electronic Industries Alliance
URL: http://www.eiae.org/

Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool (EPEAT)
Abstract: A Web-based procurement tool to help institutional purchasers in public and private sectors evaluate, compare, and select desktop computers, notebooks, and monitors based on their environmental attributes. Manufacturers register their products based on specific environmental criteria. Products meeting the minimum standard are ranked as bronze, silver, or gold, based on additional, optional criteria they meet. EPEAT is multi- stakeholder, funded by EPA, and managed by the non-profit Zero Waste Alliance.
Source: Zero Waste Alliance
URL: http://www.epeat.net/

Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool (EPEAT)
Abstract: A Web-based procurement tool to help institutional purchasers in public and private sectors evaluate, compare, and select desktop computers, notebooks, and monitors based on their environmental attributes. Manufacturers register their products based on specific environmental criteria. Products meeting the minimum standard are ranked as bronze, silver, or gold, based on additional, optional criteria they meet. EPEAT is multi- stakeholder, funded by EPA, and managed by the non-profit Zero Waste Alliance.
Source: Zero Waste Alliance
URL: http://www.epeat.net/

Electronic Waste Recycling Act of 2003: Covered Electronic Waste Payment System (SB 20/SB 50)
Abstract: A Web page summarizing the Electronic Waste Recycling Act in California, providing links to the full text of the bill, information about the electronic waste recycling fee, payments, and qualified entities.
Source: California Integrated Waste Management Board
URL: http://www.ciwmb.ca.gov/Electronics/Act2003/

EPA's Plug-In To eCycling
Abstract: Web page for state and local governments participating in EPA's "Plug-In to eCycling" campaign to foster partnerships among electronics manufacturers, retailers, and governments.
Source: EPA, Office of Solid Waste, Resource Conservation Challenge
URL: http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/partnerships/plugin/index.htm

eRecycle
Abstract: Web site is a partnership among government, manufacturers, retailers, and the environmental community to provide guidance about electronic waste. It includes information about the e-waste recycling fee being collected in California with purchase of new equipment and about being an e-waste collector, recycler, or seller in California.
Source: California Integrated Waste Management Board
URL: http://www.erecycle.org/index.htm

e-Stewards Initiative
Abstract: The e-Stewards recyclers are a group of leading North American electronics recyclers and asset managers who have been qualified as upholding the highest standard of environmental and social responsibility.
Source: Basel Action Network
URL: http://www.e-stewards.org/

Green Supply Line
Abstract: A Web site devoted to covering the impact of global environmental standards on the supply chain. It covers RoHS and lead-free product announcements, and news on global environmental standards.
Source: CMP Media LLC
URL: http://www.greensupplyline.com/

IBM Environment
Abstract: Web page provides links to various aspects of IBM's environmental policies and programs, including their product recycling program. The PC Recycling Service allows consumers and businesses to recycle any manufacturer's personal computer (PC) for $29.99, including shipping.
Source: IBM
URL: http://www.ibm.com/ibm/environment/

Inform
Abstract: Web page of independent, nonprofit organization that conducts research aimed at practical solutions to complex environmental and health-related problems throughout this country and the world.
Source: Inform
URL: http://www.informinc.org/index.php

Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries (ISRI)
Abstract: The Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries, Inc. (ISRI) is leading the way in advocating the vital role scrap recycling plays in the U.S. economy, global trade, the environment, and sustainable development.
Source: Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries
URL: http://www.isri.org//AM/Template.cfm?Section=Home1

National Recycling Coalition (NRC)
Abstract: The National Recycling Coalition (NRC) is a national non-profit advocacy group with members that span all aspects of waste reduction, reuse and recycling. NRC's objective is to eliminate waste and promote sustainable economies through advancing sound management practices for raw materials in North America.
Source: National Recycling Coalition
URL: http://www.nrc-recycle.org/

Plug-In To eCycling
Abstract: Consumer electronics recycling campaign sponsored by EPA's Resource Conservation Challenge. Web site features manufacturers and retailers who participate in electronics recycling, pilot recycling projects, and other resources.
Source: EPA
URL: http://www.epa.gov/plugin/

Public-Private Initiatives, Product Stewardship
Abstract: The Web page contains a link to various public and private partnerships and initiatives that strive to achieve a shared-responsibility model for managing electronics.
Source: U.S. EPA, Resource Conservation Challenge, Product Stewardship
URL: http://www.epa.gov/epr/products/ele-multi.htm

Sony's Recycling Philosophy
Abstract: Sony supports the principle of Individual Producer Responsibility (IPR) as it provides incentives to producers for taking responsibility of the entire lifecycle of his/her own products, including end of life.
Source: Sony
URL: http://www.sony.net/SonyInfo/Environment/activities/recycle/
general/index.html

What Is E-Waste?
Abstract: The California Integrated Waste Management Board's (CIWMB) e-waste Web page provides a good introduction to the issues involved with e-waste.
Source: California Integrated Waste Management Board
URL: http://www.ciwmb.ca.gov/Electronics/WhatisEwaste/

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The Topic Hub™ is a product of the Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange (P2Rx)

The Electronic Waste Topic Hub™ was developed by:

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Contact email: webmaster@westp2net.org

Hub Last Updated: 10/23/2006