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Aerospace: Reasons for Change
Table of Contents
Background and Overview
Reasons for Change
P2 Opportunities
Where To Go for P2 Help
Complete List of Links

Essential Links:

Profile of the Aerospace Industry
Provides information on processes, relationships with support industries, pollution outputs, polluti...

The Aerospace Industries Association estimates that there are 15,000 to 30,000 different materials used in manufacturing, many of which may be potentially toxic, highly volatile, flammable, contain chlorofluorocarbons, or contribute to global warming. In addition, energy and water are consumed in significant quantities. The resulting emissions, wastes, and effluents, and costs associated with these streams and regulations are sound reasons to implement pollution prevention and source reduction whenever possible.

Motivation to conserve energy is especially relevant with current fuel and electricity costs and with pending or recently enacted legislation on greenhouse gas emission limits for higher emitters in many states. Beyond direct cost savings, in many cases, improved energy efficiency can increase product yield through time savings and improved productivity, and reduce emissions of greenhouse gasses from fuel combustion. Energy efficiency can also provide more flexibility over competitors who do not address efficiency issues, by reducing susceptibility to price changes in resources and industry downturns.

Cost of Compliance and Managing Waste Streams
Using raw materials and processes that have an environmental impact are very costly. Most often, businesses usually only account for waste disposal costs rather than considering all of the associated costs with operating inefficient equipment and using toxic raw materials. Federal studies estimate that hazardous wastes cost around $2 per pound to manage and properly dispose of.

The following table shows the different categories of costs associated with simply being in compliance and those costs incurred that are typically accounted for as oversight. Considering all of the costs associated with wasteful practices may motivate a business to change. (Note: Italicized items are costs that are often overlooked, but can truly add to the total costs of managing waste.)

Compliance Costs Oversight Costs

Receiving Area
   Spill response equipment
   Emergency response plan

Raw Materials
   Storage facilities
   Secondary containment
   Right-to-know training
   Reporting and records
   Safety training
   Container labels

Process Area
   Safety equipment
   Right-to-know training
   Waste collection equipment
   Emission control equipment
   Sampling and Testing
   Reporting and records

Solid and Hazardous Waste
   Sampling and Testing
   Labels and labeling
   Storage areas
   Transportation Fees
   Disposal fees

Air and Water Emissions Control
   Permit preparation
   Permit fees
   Capital costs
   Operating expenses
   Recovered materials
   Inspection and monitoring
   Recording and reporting
   Sampling and testing
   Emergency planning
   Discharge fees

   Product/vendor Research
   Regulatory impact analysis
   Inventory control

   Hazard analysis
   Sampling and testing

   Employee training
   Emergency planning
   Medical monitoring
   Waste collection
   Disposal management
   Inspections and audits

   Public relations

   Regulatory research
   Legal fees
   Information systems
   Penalties and fines

   Credit costs
   Tied-up capital


The Topic Hub™ is a product of the Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange (P2Rx)

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Hub Last Updated: 6/2/2014