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Paint & Coating Manufacturing (Liquid): Background and Overview
Table of Contents
Background and Overview
Reasons for Change
P2 Opportunities
Where To Go for P2 Help
Complete List of Links

Essential Links:

Paint Waste Reduction and Disposal Options - Volume 1
Report covers paint manufacture and use in Illinois, characterizes the wastes, recommends P2 opportu...

Paints and Coatings Resource Center
Membership organization - contains technical database of > 5,000 publications, offers compliance ass...

This Topic Hub is primarily directed to the technical assistance provider community as well as manufacturing process engineers, university-based industrial extension programs, and non-profit organizations that develop and provide technical information for the small business community.  The purpose of the document is to provide information that to aid in reducing or eliminating worker exposures and the generation of pollution and waste from sources that are commonly associated with the production of wet paints and coatings, excluding powder coat and UV-cure coating production.

The information has been structured and organized to provide a basic description of Operations, Pollution Prevention opportunities, and Reasons for Change (discussing conomic benefits, regulations, environmental, and health-related issues) associated with this industry.  In addition, a glossary is provided, a history of paint product development and manufacturing, and resources for finding additional help in reducing impacts in paint production.

The following facts, from the American Coatings Association highlight the state of this industry in the U.S. These statistics include all types of paint manufactured (including UV and powder coat).

  • The U.S. paint and coatings industry employed 256,800 workers in 2012.
  • Product shipments by U.S. paint and coatings producers totalled an estimated $23.5 billion in 2013, up by 2.4%, or $545 million, from 2012.
  • The U.S. paint and coatings industry had nearly 44,700 establishments in 2012.
  • The payroll for the U.S. paint and coatings industry totalled $11.2 billion in 2012.

Functional paints and coatings are applied to enhance the surface properties of the substrate, such as adhesion, wetability, fire retardancy,corrosion resistance, or weather or wear resistance.  Different types of paint products are defined below:    

  • Architectural Paints and Coatings – consists of exterior and interior waterborne latex, exterior and interior solvent-borne paints, architectural lacquers and wood and furniture finishes;
  • Industrial Coatings – consists of automotive finishes, truck and bus finishes, other transportation (aircraft, railroad) finishes, wood and composition board flat stock finishes, appliance finishes, sheet, strip and coil coatings on metals, metal decorating finishes, machinery and equipment finishes, paper and paperboard coatings, electrical insulating varnishes and magnetic wire coatings.  In this category are pigmented coatings, and topcoats which are typically clear or transparent;
  • Special Purpose Coatings – consists of industrial maintenance paints, marine coatings, traffic paints, metallic paints, automobile refinishing coatings, aerosol paints, roof coatings and multi-color paints; and
  • Miscellaneous Paint Products – consists of paints used for graphic and artwork.


The Topic Hub™ is a product of the Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange (P2Rx)

The Paint & Coating Manufacturing (Liquid) Topic Hub™ was developed by:

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Hub Last Updated: 7/22/2015