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Printing-Lithography: Background and Overview
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Printing Process Descriptions - Overview
Printing process flow diagrams for flexography, lithography, gravure, letterpress, plateless, postpr...

Printing is one of the largest manufacturing industries in the United States?employing over 1,173,000 people in almost 50,000 establishments, and selling over $155.7 billion of products in 1999. The industry is dominated by small- and medium-sized businesses, most employing fewer than 20 employees.

All process flow diagrams courtesy of Institute of Advanced Manufacturing Sciences


Lithographic printing is well suited for printing both text and illustrations in short to medium length runs of up to 1,000,000 impressions. Typical products printed with offset printing processes include:
  • General commercial printing
  • Newspapers
  • Business Forms
  • Quick printing
  • Books
  • Financial and Legal Documents

Did You Know?

  • Lithographic Printing makes up 68.5% of the printing industry.
  • 47% of lithographic printers are in the major metropolitan areas.
  • In the US, 79% of lithographic operations have 19 or fewer employees.
  • The annual shipments generated by printers were estimated by PIA as $155,711.0 M in 1999.

According to PIA, in 1999 (EPA Regions):


EPA Geographic


No. of Printing Establishments


No. of Employees














































The Standard Industry Classification (SIC) Codes often associated with lithographic printing operations are:

  SIC Code



  274* Miscellaneous Publishing
272* Periodicals
  275* Commercial Printing
273* Book Printing
  276* Manifold Business Forms

The NAIICS Codes often associated with lithographic printing operations are:





Commercial Lithographic Printing
  3231101  Magazine & periodical printing
3231103  Label and wrapper printing
  3231105  Catalog and directory printing
3231107  Financial and legal printing
  3231109  Advertising printing
  323110B  Other general job printing
  323110W Commercial lithographic printing
  323114 Quick Printing
  323115 Digital Printing
  3231169  Checkbooks
  323116W  Manifold business forms printing
  323117 Books Printing
  3231171  Textbook printing and binding
  3231173  Technical, scientific, and professional book printing and binding
  3231175  Religious book printing and binding
  3231177  General book printing and binding
  3231179  Other book printing and binding
  323117A  Book printing only
  323117  Pamphlet printing and binding or printing only
  323117W  Book printing, nsk


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The Printing-Lithography Topic Hub™ was developed by:

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Hub Last Updated: 7/28/2009