Topic Hubs

WSPPN Maintains These Topic Hubs

Auto Repair
We also maintain topical information about Fleets.

News Articles About These Topic Hubs:

Hospitality News
Auto Repair News
Fleets News

Archived: P2Rx no longer updates this information, but it may be useful as a reference or resource.

Browse by Keyword

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) for Schools: Reasons for Change
Table of Contents
Background and Overview
Reasons for Change
Barriers to Change
Case Studies
Environmental Regulations
P2 Opportunities
Glossary of Terms
Key Contacts
Complete List of Links

Essential Links:

Administrator Information, School IPM
Administrator Information includes sample policy statements, organization directories, sample...

Health Effects of 48 Commonly Used Toxic Pesticides in Schools
Insecticides, herbicides, fungicides commonly used in schools are identified along with known health...

Introduction to IPM (Michigan)
Requirements, procedures, and policies for IPM in public buildings, including schools, and applicato...

IPM for Your School
Guidelines for understanding IPM and for adapting the process into the school are offered, complete ...

IPM Handbook
Included is a summary of state laws requiring IPM and notification, IPM sample policies, IPM forms (...

Pest Management Practices in Minnesota K-12 Schools
This 147-page document resulted from a study on Pesticides - Use, Effects, and Alternatives to Pesti...

Poisoned Schools: Invisible Threats Visible Actions
This report discusses many aspects of toxic chemicals in schools, and included is pesticides, develo...

<big><b>Integrated Pest Management (IPM) for Schools: Reasons for Change</b></big>

School administrators are compelled to balance between risks associated with uncontrolled pest infestations and risks linked with pest control. Uncontrolled wasp or hornet nests pose imminent threats for children sensitive to stings. Cockroach infestations and their subsequent waste are suspected asthma triggers. However, schools must ensure that students and staff are not at risk from pesticide exposure.

Reasons for implementing a School Integrated Pest Management program at arises from three primary concerns:

  • Student and public health
  • Environmental health and quality
  • Regulatory

Several strong incentives can help us transition to IPM including the following:

  • Budgetary savings and reallocation of funds to education
  • Energy efficiency, which is a complementary benefit of IPM
  • Parental concerns
  • Improved productivity of students and teaching staff, including less missed time and work days
  • Legal (regulatory) requirements mandated by state and local governments
  • Increasing liability risks associated with health issues.

?A growing body of scientific knowledge demonstrates that children may suffer disproportionately from environmental health risks and safety risks. These risks arise because children's neurological, immunological, digestive, and other bodily systems are still developing; children eat more food, drink more fluids, and breathe more air in proportion to their body weight than adults; children's size and weight may diminish their protection from standard safety features; and children's behavior patterns may make them more susceptible to accidents because they are less able to protect themselves.? See: Executive Order 13045?Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks 1997

Student and Public Health
Pesticides include substances that are designed to repel, control, and/or kill all pests and include disinfectants, insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, rodenticides, and wood preservatives. Primary pests of concern are mold, insects, rodents, and weeds. Many of these pesticides are linked to long-term health problems (cancer, endocrine disruption, and neurological disorders).

Control methods too often rely upon poisons that are not effective by themselves for long-term management of pests and are hazardous to people, pets, and other animals. Young children, because of their sensitivity and physical development, are especially vulnerable to pesticides.

  • Their bodies and nervous systems are growing rapidly.
  • Children eat and drink more per pound of body weight than adults
  • They spend a large portion of their day inside schools or child-care facilities
  • Young children encounter pesticide residues through their natural discovery behaviors: crawling, tasting everything, putting objects in their mouths, and hand-to-mouth activities.

A recognized need to prevent health risks and disruptions from pests in schools exists. Yet, a delicate balance between preventing pests and minimizing pesticide use in school environments is a legitimate desire. IPM is a systematic strategy for solving pesticide problems in school environments that maximizes public safety and minimizes environmental health risks.


The Topic Hub™ is a product of the Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange (P2Rx)

The Integrated Pest Management (IPM) for Schools Topic Hub™ was developed by:

Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable
Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable
Contact email:

Hub Last Updated: 5/2/2009